Search Results

ICS 95    Theobroma cacao

 Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O. (1979)
The CRIG cocoa germplasm collection with notes on codes used in the breeding programme at Tafo and elsewhere.. Technical Bulletin, No. 10, Cocoa Research Institute, Tafo, Ghana. pp. 62.

Derivation: Imperial College Selections.
Location: ICTA, TTO.

Notes:  Lockwood & Gyamfi, 1979 [LOC79A] Selections from farms in Trinidad (1-100) and from Criollo progenies (101-107).

Cope, 1949a [COP49A]. One hundred selections were made as a result of a survey started in 1930 by Pound.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. Numbers 1 to 100 were selected from all over Trinidad, numbers 101 to 107 were Criollo trees selected from a farm but all have been lost and numbers greater than 111 are selections made in an experimental programme.

Bartley, 1996a [BAR96A]. The ICS material includes several clones which resulted from recent (at that time) introductions. These include Criollos from Nicaragua (ICS 60 and its relatives) or Venezuela. Other ICS clones represent "Amazonian" types originally introduced from the Orinoco. It is likely that several introductions were involved in creating the diversity that existed in Trinidad when Pound started the selection work.

Bartley, 1997b [BAR97B] From ICS 113 onwards these clones were used as parents in the AX / MX series. The same cross be known by an equivalent C [TTO] name.
 

Synonyms: EET 111 [IMP], G VI 125, EET IMP 111, I S C 95

 NOTES

Lockwood & Gyamfi, 1979 [LOC79A] Selections from farms in Trinidad (1-100) and from Criollo progenies (101-107). Cope, 1949a [COP49A]. One hundred selections were made as a result of a survey started in 1930 by Pound. Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. Numbers 1 to 100 were selected from all over Trinidad, numbers 101 to 107 were Criollo trees selected from a farm but all have been lost and numbers greater than 111 are selections made in an experimental programme. Bartley, 1996a [BAR96A]. The ICS material includes several clones which resulted from recent (at that time) introductions. These include Criollos from Nicaragua (ICS 60 and its relatives) or Venezuela. Other ICS clones represent "Amazonian" types originally introduced from the Orinoco. It is likely that several introductions were involved in creating the diversity that existed in Trinidad when Pound started the selection work. Bartley, 1997b [BAR97B] From ICS 113 onwards these clones were used as parents in the AX / MX series. The same cross be known by an equivalent C [TTO] name.

Trees with the largest size of the 6 clones, leafy and robust. Branches open with much foliage that rapidly closes the space between rows.   Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013

 RECOMMENDED PLANTING MATERIAL    Disclaimer

 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Recommended for planting in:
Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama
Recommended by: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica
Note: Recommended for commerial planting in Central America.
 Reference    View Associated Data
 INIAP, 2020
Recommended for planting in:
Ecuador
Local Name: 'EET-111'
Recommended by: INIAP
Year: 1970's (Current)
 Reference    View Associated Data
 Batista, Lepido J., 2009
Recommended for planting in:
Dominican Republic
Recommended by: Instituto Dominicano de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales (IDIAF), Dominican Republic
 Reference

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
TRINITARIO TYPE x CRIOLLO [CRI] 
 - Hda La Reconnaissance, Lopinot
   Trinidad - Dept of Agriculture, No Date
 Mother to:
AX 71    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 8    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
C 50 [TRI]    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
C 73 [TRI]    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
C 82 [TRI]    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
GNV 42    Purdy, L.H. et al., 1998
SI 95 /1    Trinidad - CRU, 2002
 Father to:
AHT 16    Bartley, B.G.D., 1998
AHT 4    Nya Ngatchou, J., 1978
AX 7    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
C 82 [TRI]    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
IFC 1040 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1049 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1050 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
KHT 2    Nya Ngatchou, J., 1978
SI 95 /1    Trinidad - CRU, 2002
TSH 723    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSH 728    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 729    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSH 730    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 858    Trinidad - Las Hermanas, No Date

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774230   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629594
BioSample: SAMN09934464
SampleSource: gDNA Miami, Tree_ID: Tc16546

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 274
   - Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1978
• Accession: 1216
   - Cross: CCN 51  x ICS 95
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 1
• Accession: 1216
   - Cross: CCN 51  x ICS 95
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 1
• Accession: 1224
   - Cross: CCN 51  x ICS 95
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 2
• Accession: 1224
   - Cross: CCN 51  x ICS 95
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 2
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: ICS-95
List received in 1985   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10335
   - Local Name: ICS-95 T1
   - Year of Accession: 1966
List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1957
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1983
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: ICS-95
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET -111
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: ICS95
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1949
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1958
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1954
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 59
   - Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: G VI 125
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00077
   - Local Name: ICS95
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00665
   - Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: ICS - 95
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: ICS95
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 234539     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1939
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95
   - Year of Accession: 1989
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: ICS 95

 DISEASE

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 Ceratocystis
Susceptible
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Susceptible
 INIAP, 2020
Resistant
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Resistant
 Iton, E.F., 1959
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
 Frosty Pod Rot
Cross: POUND 7  x ICS 95
16.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
23.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
26.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
26.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Cross: UF 712  x ICS 95
29.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
32.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
34.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderately Susceptible (Pod).
Note: Artificial innoculation..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Resistant
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
Resistant, 23.00 % Infection
Note: Artificial reaction to frosty pod and natural incidence of the disease over 9 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Tolerant
 INIAP, 2020
Moderate Resistance, 72.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.0 and Internal Severety = 2.0
 Phillips, W., 1996
Moderate Resistance, 86.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.0 and Internal Severety = 2.2
 Phillips, W., 1997
Resistant, isolate/strain Co1 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Resistant, isolate/strain Co10 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Resistant, isolate/strain Co13 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Resistant, isolate/strain Co14 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Resistant, isolate/strain Co16 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Resistant, isolate/strain Co5 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Resistant, isolate/strain Co8 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
 Mosaic Virus
Abundant Infection
 Trinidad - Dept of Agriculture, No Date
 Phytophthora
Susceptible
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
13.41 % Infection (Pod).
Note: percentage of infected pods. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = B
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
0.30 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 3 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
4.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
6.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Intermediate, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Togo - IRCC Togo, 1986
Intermediate, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf).
Note: Interflush 2, Unattached and punch inoculated
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf).
 Kebe, 1999
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Artificial reaction to black pod.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Paper disk method..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Moderate Resistance, 72.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Blaha, G. & Lotode, R., 1976
Moderately Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Moderately Susceptible, 4.50 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Trinidad - CRU, 1994
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and 3mm stab inoculated
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and 9mm stab inoculated
 Iwaro, A.D. et al., 1998
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and 3mm stab inoculated
 Iwaro, A.D. et al., 1998
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf (adaxial surface)).
Note: Interflush 2, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Resistant, 6.30 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1993
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1980
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf (abaxial surface)).
Note: Interflush 2, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Cross: UF 712  x ICS 95
Susceptible, 1.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7  x ICS 95
Susceptible, 2.10 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Susceptible, 2.80 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
 Rosellinia
Susceptible
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
 Vascular Streak Dieback
Cross: NA 33  x ICS 95
Tolerant
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1995
8.67 % Infection
Note: 15 plants sampled..
 Subali, S., 1992
13.60 % Infection (Field Reaction).
Note: 6.9% of trees with <30% infected branches, 4.5% of trees with 30 to 70% infected branches, 2.2% of trees with >70% infected branches.. Sime Darby Plantations, Devon Estate.
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Intermediate, isolate/strain S1
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderately Susceptible, isolate/strain S10
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Intermediate, isolate/strain S12
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S3
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderately Susceptible, isolate/strain S4
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S5
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Intermediate, isolate/strain S6
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Resistant, isolate/strain S7
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Intermediate, isolate/strain S8
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Intermediate, isolate/strain S9
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
 Witches Broom
Moderately Susceptible
 INIAP, 2020
Tolerant
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
Intermediate
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Intermediate
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Resistant (Pod).
 Urquart, 1966
Resistant (Cushion/Flower).
 Trinidad - CRU, 1994
Resistant (Vegetative).
 Trinidad - CRU, 1994
Resistant (Pod).
 Trinidad - CRU, 1994
Resistant (Pods).
 Trinidad - Dept of Agriculture, No Date
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977

 PESTS

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 Mirids
Moderate Damage
Note: Trial D11/2. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = ABCD
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Moderate Damage
 N'Goran, J.A.K. et al., 1993
 Red Squirrel
Moderate Resistance (Sciurus granatensis)
 Warren, J. & Emamdie, D., 1993
 Thrips
Moderate Damage
 Trinidad - Dept of Agriculture, No Date
Tolerant
 Fennah, R.G., 1955

 FLAVOUR

 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Flavour: Astringent up front followed by sharp acid, but not as strong at the lower roasting temperature. Has a distinct bitter, browned character. Has some chocolate, but not a lot. Late taste is mildly astringent but has a green forest note.
Note: Provided by Ed Seguine
 Reference

 YIELD

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 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Seed Index: 111.1 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 33.3 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Pod Index: 27.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 403 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Pod Index: 21.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1622 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 21
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Pod Index: 20.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2111 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x ICS 95
Pod Index: 12.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2666 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7  x ICS 95
Pod Index: 20.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1401 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 90.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 24.3 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 22.1 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 144.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: medium - high
 Reference
 Trinidad - Dept of Agriculture, No Date
Yield (wet beans per tree): 10.00 kg
 Reference
 INIAP, 2020
Yield: 2500 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Seed Index: 106.6 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 33.2 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Pod Index: 22.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1037 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: 3 year mean
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Pod Index: 22.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 926 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Yield: 2196 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Number: 33.4
Dry Weight: 0.90 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Number: 33.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.19 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 21
Number: 32.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.40 g
Note: tree number 21
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 27
Number: 35.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 10.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.50 g
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 29
Number: 40.0
Length: 24.0 mm
Width: 10.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.60 g
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 29
Number: 40.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 13.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 37.1
Total Dry Weight: 41.1 g
Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Note: 85 plants sampled
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: medium
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 35.0
Total Wet Weight: 63.5 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.29 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.0 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Absent
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 33.3
Maximum Number: 43
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.36 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.69 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.5 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.5 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.4 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 67 %
Colour Light Purple: 29 %
Colour Mottled: 4 %
Shape: elongate/round
Length: 22.7 mm
Width: 12.1 mm
Thickness: 8.7 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.50 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.00 g
 Reference
 Trinidad - Dept of Agriculture, No Date
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Shape: flat
 Reference
 INIAP, 2020
Dry Weight: 1.40 g
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Number: 36.6
Dry Weight: 0.93 g
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 67 %
Colour Light Purple: 29 %
Colour Mottled: 4 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.50 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.00 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.7 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.1 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.7 mm
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Colour: Light purple
Shape: Irregular
Number: 33.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Total Wet Weight: 102.0 g
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7  x ICS 95
Butterfat Content: 58.00 %
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Butterfat Content: 57.00 %
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Butterfat Content: 54.00 %
Note: tree number 21
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Butterfat Content: 55.00 %
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 53.70 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 56.02 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 52.66 %
Note: 6 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 6.00 %
 Reference
 INIAP, 2020
Butterfat Content: 48.00 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: sharp
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 17 mm
Length: 200.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 588.0 g
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.32
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 21
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 19 mm
Length: 179.0 mm
Breadth: 102.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 676.0 g
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.75
Note: tree number 21
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 27
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 17 mm
Length: 222.0 mm
Breadth: 87.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 647.0 g
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.55
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 29
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: smooth
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 201.0 mm
Breadth: 97.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 729.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.07
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 29
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 214.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 656.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.35
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: large
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 190.0 mm
Breadth: 84.0 mm
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 8.6 mm (10.6 - 6.6)
Length: 177.0 mm
Breadth: 74.0 mm
Colour: high / moderate anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 419.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 6
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.39
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.62
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: cundeamor
Husk Thickness: 11.9 mm
Length: 193.0 mm
Breadth: 78.0 mm
Colour: dark red and yellow / red and yellow (ridge/furrow)
Hardness: very soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.42
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: cundeamor
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 11.9 mm
Length: 193.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Colour: light red and green / yellow and green (ridge/furrow)
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.44
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: red
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Shape: angoleta-acriollada
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 197.0 mm
Breadth: 85.0 mm
Colour: Dark purple
Weight: 589.7 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.30
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1144
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 4.10 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.06 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 0.98 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 70.47 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.59 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 244.30 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.90 g
Specific Leaf Area: 128.70 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

Show Details Hide Details

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: yellow
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Colour: Intense pink
 Reference

 LEAF

Show Details Hide Details

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 2.57
Basal Angle: 157.0 °
Apical Angle: 94.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 2.57
Basal Angle: 157.0 °
Apical Angle: 94.0 °
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Shape: Elliptic
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 176 mm
Length: 344.0 mm
Width: 134.0 mm
Basal Form: Obtuse
Apex Form: Cuspidate
Petiole Length: 27 mm
 Reference

 FLOWER

Show Details Hide Details

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 21
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 27
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 29
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7  x ICS 95
Acc: tree number 29
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 7.12 mm
Ligule Width: 2.31 mm
Ovule Number: 39
Style Length: 1.91 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.36 mm
Sepal Length: 8.00 mm
Ligule Length: 8.93 mm
Ligule Width: 2.97 mm
Ovary Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.98 mm
Ovary Length: 1.27 mm
Style Length: 2.08 mm
Staminode Length: 7.61 mm
Pedicel Colour: pink
Self Compatibility: self compatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: intense anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.00 mm
Sepal Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 7.90 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.55
Ligule Length: 2.60 mm
Ligule Width: 2.70 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 0.99
Ribbon Length: 3.50 mm
Ribbon Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ovary Colour: moderate anthocyanin (apical), slight anthocyanin (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.10 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.14
Ovule Number: 44
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), moderate anthocyanin (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.70 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: intense anthocyanin, intense anthocyanin (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 A. González & M. Ventura, 2007
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Trinidad - Dept of Agriculture, No Date
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: green
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.00 mm
Sepal Colour: green - white
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 7.90 mm
Ligule Length: 2.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.40 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.50 mm
Ribbon Colour: green - white
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.10 mm
Ovule Number: 44
Style Colour: green - white (apical), green - white (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.70 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: yellow, yellow (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Sepal Width: 3.20 mm
Sepal Length: 8.20 mm
Ligule Length: 5.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.90 mm
Ovary Width: 1.50 mm
Ovary Length: 1.00 mm
Ovule Number: 33
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Length: 8.30 mm
Pedicel Length: 22.10 mm
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

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Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Adriana Arciniegas-Leal, Allan Mata-Quirós & Juan Carlos Motamayor-Arias (2013) Catalogue of Cacao Clones Selected by CATIE for Commercial Plantings. Technical series. Technical manual/CATIE no.105
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Nya Ngatchou, J. (1978) Etat d'avancement des travaux de génétique et d'amelioration du cacaoyer au Cameroun.. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Cocoa Conference, Douala, Cameroun, 1979. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 507-511.
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CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
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Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Cote d'Ivoire - IRCC (1989) Liste des clones en collection.. Unpublished Report, IRCC Bingerville, Cote d'Ivoire, Doc. No. 192. D. Clement, IRCC, Cote d'Ivoire. Personal Communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Fiji - Naduruloulou (1992) Cocoa collection - Fiji Naduruloulou Research Station.. G. Prasad, Koronivia Research Station, Nausari, Fiji. Personal Communication.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) CIRAD Montpellier Clone List (Excel Spreadsheet).. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Gabon - SOCAGAB (1992) Liste des clones de la collection du C.M.C.E. de Minkong (Oyem, Gabon).. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD, Kourou, Guyane. Personal Communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Grenada - MALF (1994) Notes on the cocoa germplasm in Grenada.. C.A. Williams, Grenada Cocoa Association, Grenada. Personal Communication.
Guatemala - Los Brilliantes (1994) Lista de clones existentes en la Estacion de Investigacion y Produccion Agricola "Los Brillantes" a Agosto 1994.. M.T. Reyes Barrios, EIAP Guatemala. Personal Communication.
Chesney, P.E. (2008) Guyana accessions.. Personal communication, September 2008.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
India - Kerala (1991) Report of germplasm collection at Kerala Agricultural University.. R.V. Nair, Unpublished Report, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala, India, pp. 3.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI.. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia.. Personal communication, March 2010.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1992) Cocoa Clonal Collection, Agricultural Research Centre, Semongok (Sarawak Dept. of Agriculture).. C.Y. Lau In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
PNG - Cocoa & Coconut Research (1998) Current list of cocoa accessions at the PNG CCRI.. Mr. Mathias Faure, Personal Communication.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul (2012) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Chumphon Research Center, Thailand.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul, Agricultural Research Officer, Department of Agriculture, Thailand. January 2012.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Philippe Bastide. (2012) Les clones suivis au Vanuatu (unpublished list of accessions).. Personal communication, February 2012.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela.. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.) (2000) Tecnología para el Mejoramiento del Sistema de Producción de Cacao.. Bucaramanga, Colombia: CORPOICA.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Iton, E.F. (1959) Studies on a wilt disease of cacao at River Estate.. A Report on Cacao Research, 1957-1958. The Regional Research Centre of the British Caribbean.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips-Mora, W., Castillo, J., Krauss, U., Rodríguez, E. & Wilkinson, M.J. (2005) Evaluation of cacao (Theobroma cacao) clones against seven Colombian isolates of Moniliophthora roreri from four pathogen genetic groups.. Plant Pathology. 54: pp 483–490.
Sounigo, O., N'Goran, J., Coulibaly, N., Clement, D. & Lachenaud, P. (1995) Evaluation de clones de cacaoyers pour la productivite, la resistance aux mirides et la resistance a la pourriture des cabosses.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 375-381.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Togo - IRCC Togo (1986) Collection de cacaoyers. Composition au 1er Janvier, 1986. IRCC Togo.. A.B. Eskes, IRCC, Montpellier, France. Personal Communication.
Iwaro, D., Sreenivasan, T.N. & Umaharan, P. (1997) Foliar resistance to Phytophthora palmivora as an indicator of pod resistance in Theobroma cacao.. Plant Disease 81(6): pp. 619-624
Kebe (1999) Data from Cote d'Ivoire on black pod resistance.. Kebe, report on CAOBISCO project. Forwarded to ICGD by Dr. A.B.Eskes, IPGRI.
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Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Trinidad - CRU (1994) Cocoa Research Unit. Report for 1994.. The University of the West Indies.
Iwaro, D., Sreenivasan, T.N. & Umaharan, P. (1997) Phytophthora resistance in cacao (Theobroma cacao): Influence of pod morphological characteristics.. Plant Pathology 46: pp. 557-565
Iwaro, A.D., Sreenivasan, T.N. & Umaharan, P. (1998) Cacao resistance to Phytophthora: Effect of pathogen species, inoculation depths and pod maturity.. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 104: pp.11-15
Sreenivasan, T.N. (1993) Screening for resistance to Black Pod.. T.N. Sreenivasan, CRU, Trinidad. Personal Communication.
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Bong, C.L., Tay, E.B., Lee, M.T. & Chong, T.C. (1995) Comparative study on cultural practices and planting materials in the management of vascular streak dieback and productivity in cocoa.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 197-203.
Subali, S. (1992) MARDI's results on performance of imported primary cocoa clones.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Lam, K.S. (1992) Performance of imported clones in Sime Darby Plantations.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Bong, C.L., Lee, M.T. & Yahya, M.N. (1996) Interaction between cocoa clones and isolates of Oncobasidium theobromae causal pathogen of Vascular Streak Dieback.. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brazil, 1996. Cocoa Producers' Alliance. (in press).
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N'Goran, J.A.K., Lachenaud, P., Bastide P., & Paulin, D. (1993) Cocoa germplasm conservation initiatives in Cote d'Ivoire.. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Conservation, Characterisation and Utilisation of Cocoa Genetic Resources in the 21st Century. CRU, UWI, Trinidad. pp. 221-227.
Warren, J. & Emamdie, D. (1993) Rodent resistance in cacao Theobroma cacao L.. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad), 70: pp.286-288
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Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad.. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.
A. González & M. Ventura (2007) Autocompatibilidad Sexual de Clones de Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). In: Resultados de investigación en cacao. IDIAF, 2007