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EET 156 [ECU]    Theobroma cacao

Derivation: Estacion Experimental Tropical.
Location: E.E.T. Pichilingue, ECU.

Notes:  Some EET clones are imported genotypes which have been given the duplicate identifier [IMP], [POU] for kown Pound collections and [MIG] for known SAN MIGUEL clones.
 

Synonyms: SAN GENARO 2 [ECU], ETS 156 [ECU]

 NOTES

Some EET clones are imported genotypes which have been given the duplicate identifier [IMP], [POU] for kown Pound collections and [MIG] for known SAN MIGUEL clones.

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
NACIONAL  x VEN. MORADO TYPE
 - Selected in 1945
   Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
 Mother to:
EET 376 [ECU]    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 377 [ECU]    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 378 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 379 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 380 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 381 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 382 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 412 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987

 HELD IN

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List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10275
   - Local Name: EET-156
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: EET 156 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1992
• Local Name: EET 156 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1992
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: EET 156 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1991
• Local Name: EET 156 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1991

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.6 and Internal Severety = 4.6
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997
Moderate Resistance, 70.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993

 YIELD

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 78.1 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low
 Reference

 BEAN

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 39.5
Maximum Number: 49
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.07 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.28 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 14.4 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.3 mm
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 11.3 mm (15.3 - 7.3)
Length: 189.0 mm
Breadth: 107.0 mm
Colour: high / negligible - slight anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 889.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 3
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.76
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.62
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: amelonado
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: amelonado
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: red
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: yellow
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: pastel green
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 8.48 mm
Ligule Length: 6.75 mm
Ligule Width: 2.50 mm
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.97 mm
Ovary Length: 1.09 mm
Style Length: 2.94 mm
Staminode Length: 7.32 mm
Pedicel Colour: pastel red
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.50 mm
Sepal Length: 7.80 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.15
Ligule Length: 2.50 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 0.85
Ribbon Length: 3.20 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.20 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.25
Ovule Number: 55
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 3.20 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 7.20 mm
Pedicel Length: 16.30 mm
Pedicel Colour: intense anthocyanin, intense anthocyanin (ab), moderate anthocyanin (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: green
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: negligible anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: green
Sepal Width: 2.50 mm
Sepal Length: 7.80 mm
Ligule Length: 2.50 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.20 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.20 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovule Number: 55
Style Colour: green (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 3.20 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 7.20 mm
Pedicel Length: 16.30 mm
Pedicel Colour: yellow, yellow (ab), green - white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Ecuador - Pichilingue (1987) Nomina de clones y numero de plantas existentes en la coleccion internacional de germoplasma de cacao, EET, Pichilingue.. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 18.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1994) Accessions in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection obtained from USDA Mayaguez since 1991.. M.T. Lee, MCB, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998.. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Phytophthora palmivora using the Paper Disc method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Lawrence, J.S. (1978) Screening of cacao cultivars for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora in the collection at CATIE, Costa Rica.. Revista Theobroma 8: pp. 125-131.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.