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CC 252    Theobroma cacao

 Costa Rica - CATIE (1981)
Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.

Derivation: Cacao Center.
Collected by Paredes (& others).
Location: La Lola, Cacao Center, CRI.

Notes:  Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981 [ENG81A] Selections from various populations.
 

 NOTES

Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981 [ENG81A] Selections from various populations.

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1506     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: CC 252
   - Year of Accession: 2004
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10220
   - Local Name: CC-252
   - Year of Accession: 1979
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CC252

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
Cross: CC 252 x EET 75 [ECU] 
19.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
20.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
21.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
24.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
26.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
27.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderate Resistance, 65.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 1.3 and Internal Severety = 1.3
 Phillips, W., 1996
Resistant
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Resistant
 Morera, J & Mora, A., 1990
 Phytophthora
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
0.50 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Moderate Resistance, 0.70 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderately Susceptible, 4.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252 x EET 75 [ECU] 
Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Susceptible, 0.80 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006

 YIELD

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Pod Index: 23.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 153 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Pod Index: 32.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 943 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Pod Index: 36.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1157 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252 x EET 75 [ECU] 
Pod Index: 30.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1098 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
Pod Index: 50.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 794 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 7
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
Pod Index: 42.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1020 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Productivity: very low - low
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Number: 28.0
Dry Weight: 1.54 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 27
Number: 35.0
Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 28
Number: 32.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 7.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 0.90 g
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252 x EET 75 [ECU] 
Acc: tree number 31
Number: 34.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 7
Number: 29.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 7.0 mm
Thickness: 10.0 mm
Dry Weight: 0.60 g
Note: tree number 7
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 31
Number: 30.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 0.70 g
Note: tree number 31
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252 x EET 75 [ECU] 
Butterfat Content: 54.00 %
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Butterfat Content: 57.00 %
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 22 mm
Length: 199.0 mm
Breadth: 97.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 744.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.05
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 27
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 221.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 689.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.56
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 28
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: smooth
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 163.0 mm
Breadth: 81.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 429.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.01
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252 x EET 75 [ECU] 
Acc: tree number 31
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 176.0 mm
Breadth: 92.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 534.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.91
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 7
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: mammillate
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 133.0 mm
Breadth: 80.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 365.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.66
Note: tree number 7
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 31
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: smooth
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 163.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 404.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.06
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: moderate - slight
Apex Form: obtuse - slightly acute
Rugosity: very slight
Colour: high anthocyanin
Pods Per Tree: 2
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: red
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1506
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 3.79 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.06 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.07 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 59.73 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.45 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 258.80 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 2.04 g
Specific Leaf Area: 127.90 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 27
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6  x CC 252
Acc: tree number 28
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252 x EET 75 [ECU] 
Acc: tree number 31
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Morera, J & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Programa de Mejoramiento de Cultivos Tropicales, Turrialba, Costa Rica. 16 pp.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.