Search Results

EET 75 [ECU]    Theobroma cacao

Derivation: Estacion Experimental Tropical.
Location: E.E.T. Pichilingue, ECU.

Notes:  Some EET clones are imported genotypes which have been given the duplicate identifier [IMP], [POU] for kown Pound collections and [MIG] for known SAN MIGUEL clones.
 

Synonyms: PRETORIA 1 [ECU], ETS 75 [ECU]

 NOTES

Some EET clones are imported genotypes which have been given the duplicate identifier [IMP], [POU] for kown Pound collections and [MIG] for known SAN MIGUEL clones.

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
VEN. AMARILLO TYPE x VEN. MORADO TYPE   Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1994
 Mother to:
EET 415 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 492 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 1286
   - Local Name: EET 75
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET-75
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10270
   - Local Name: EET-75
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET - 75
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: EET 75 [ECU]
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: TARS 16614     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: EET 75 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1962

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
Cross: CC 252  x EET 75 [ECU]
19.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
23.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
28.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
32.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
33.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
36.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
36.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
43.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
82.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderate Resistance
Note: Artificial reaction to frosty pod.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Moderate Resistance, 88.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.0 and Internal Severety = 2.6
 Phillips, W., 1996
Moderately Susceptible, 94.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.4 and Internal Severety = 2.7
 Phillips, W., 1997
Resistant
 Morera, J & Mora, A., 1990
Resistant
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
 Phytophthora
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
0.50 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
1.20 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Moderately Susceptible, 3.30 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997
Cross: CC 252  x EET 75 [ECU]
Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Susceptible, 1.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Susceptible, 1.10 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Susceptible, 2.20 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Susceptible, 4.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978

 YIELD

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 30.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1098 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 32.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1047 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 2
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 25.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1553 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 25
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 23.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1051 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 27.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 3672 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 18
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 25.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2105 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 32.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2118 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 24
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 27.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1919 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Pod Index: 28.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1490 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 80.6 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 20.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 128.2 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: high
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 31
Number: 34.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 2
Number: 33.0
Length: 20.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Note: tree number 2
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 25
Number: 34.0
Length: 20.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 25
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 30
Number: 28.0
Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 18
Number: 37.0
Dry Weight: 1.00 g
Note: tree number 18
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 20
Number: 41.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.00 g
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 24
Number: 30.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 7.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Note: tree number 24
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 28
Number: 35.0
Length: 20.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 30
Number: 36.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 7.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.00 g
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 40.0
Total Dry Weight: 50.0 g
Dry Weight: 1.24 g
Note: 34 plants sampled
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Absent
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 37.0
Maximum Number: 47
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.18 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.78 g
Cotyledon Length: 20.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 10.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 7.7 mm
 Reference
 Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin, 1992
Number: 43.6
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Butterfat Content: 55.00 %
Note: tree number 24
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Butterfat Content: 54.00 %
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Butterfat Content: 55.00 %
Note: tree number 25
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252  x EET 75 [ECU]
Butterfat Content: 54.00 %
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Butterfat Content: 57.00 %
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 53.00 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 54.99 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 51.42 %
Note: 9 plants sampled
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 31
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 176.0 mm
Breadth: 92.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 534.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.91
Note: tree number 31
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 2
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 147.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 485.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.61
Note: tree number 2
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 25
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 12 mm
Length: 155.0 mm
Breadth: 80.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 398.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.93
Note: tree number 25
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 30
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 156.0 mm
Breadth: 99.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 546.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.57
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 18
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 172.0 mm
Breadth: 92.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 480.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.86
Note: tree number 18
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 20
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 21 mm
Length: 150.0 mm
Breadth: 98.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 632.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.53
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 24
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 124.0 mm
Breadth: 82.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 466.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.51
Note: tree number 24
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 28
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 136.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 454.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.72
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 30
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 19 mm
Length: 152.0 mm
Breadth: 94.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 415.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.61
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: slightly obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 12.9 mm (17.2 - 8.6)
Length: 154.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: moderate / absent anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 568.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 7
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.69
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.53
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: red
 Reference
 Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin, 1992
Length: 177.2 mm
Breadth: 90.8 mm
Weight: 531.4 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.00
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 252  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 31
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 2
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CC 137  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 25
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 18
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 20
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CATIE 1000  x EET 75 [ECU]
Acc: tree number 24
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: very slight anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.46 mm
Sepal Length: 9.55 mm
Ligule Length: 7.83 mm
Ligule Width: 2.42 mm
Ovary Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.12 mm
Ovary Length: 1.56 mm
Style Length: 2.71 mm
Staminode Length: 6.72 mm
Pedicel Colour: greyish red
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Ecuador - Pichilingue (1994) Nomina de clones de cacao.. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador, pp. 13.
Ecuador - Pichilingue (1987) Nomina de clones y numero de plantas existentes en la coleccion internacional de germoplasma de cacao, EET, Pichilingue.. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 18.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998.. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Programa de Mejoramiento de Cultivos Tropicales, Turrialba, Costa Rica. 16 pp.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Phytophthora palmivora using the Paper Disc method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Lawrence, J.S. (1978) Screening of cacao cultivars for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora in the collection at CATIE, Costa Rica.. Revista Theobroma 8: pp. 125-131.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin (1992) Early evaluation of some cocoa germplasm at Pusut Perkhidmatan Pertanian Tun Razak.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.