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ARF 22    Theobroma cacao

 Costa Rica - CATIE (1992)
Inventory of the cacao collection conserved at CATIE, Costa Rica. September, 1992.. J. Morera, Unpublished report. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.

Notes:  Costa Rica - CATIE, 1992 [MOR92A] Central American Collections made in 1993.
 

 NOTES

Costa Rica - CATIE, 1992 [MOR92A] Central American Collections made in 1993.

 HELD IN

List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 19395
   - Local Name: ARF-22
   - Year of Accession: 1992

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
5.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
10.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
13.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
16.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
20.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 37  x ARF 22
27.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
28.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 6  x ARF 22
29.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
42.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
55.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 9 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
56.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
 Phytophthora
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Moderate Resistance, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Moderate Resistance, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Moderate Resistance, 1.10 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Moderately Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 6  x ARF 22
Resistant, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Resistant, 0.60 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly resistant. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Resistant, 0.70 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Artificial reaction to black pod and natural incidence of the disease over 3 years. Rated as Highly Resistant
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Resistant, 0.80 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Susceptible, 0.70 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 37  x ARF 22
Susceptible, 2.60 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006

 YIELD

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Pod Index: 18.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 956 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 37  x ARF 22
Pod Index: 25.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1014 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 11
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 6  x ARF 22
Pod Index: 17.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1860 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 12
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Pod Index: 26.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 949 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Pod Index: 34.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 766 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 26
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Pod Index: 36.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 625 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 5
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Pod Index: 30.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 696 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 10
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Pod Index: 21.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2091 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 14
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Pod Index: 26.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1539 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 23
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Pod Index: 33.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 730 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 30
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Yield: 1167 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: 3 year mean
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Number: 42.0
Dry Weight: 1.31 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 37  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 11
Number: 43.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 7.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.00 g
Note: tree number 11
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 6  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 12
Number: 37.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 10.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.60 g
Note: tree number 12
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 13
Number: 34.0
Length: 20.0 mm
Width: 10.0 mm
Thickness: 10.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 26
Number: 31.0
Dry Weight: 1.00 g
Note: tree number 26
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 5
Number: 21.0
Dry Weight: 1.40 g
Note: tree number 5
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 10
Number: 27.0
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 10
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 14
Number: 36.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 10.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Note: tree number 14
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 23
Number: 30.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 11.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.40 g
Note: tree number 23
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 30
Number: 35.0
Dry Weight: 0.90 g
Note: tree number 30
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 37  x ARF 22
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
Note: tree number 11
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Butterfat Content: 58.00 %
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 6  x ARF 22
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
Note: tree number 12
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Butterfat Content: 58.00 %
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Butterfat Content: 55.00 %
Note: tree number 10
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Butterfat Content: 57.00 %
Note: tree number 14
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
Note: tree number 23
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 19 mm
Length: 219.0 mm
Breadth: 94.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 734.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.32
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 37  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 11
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 19 mm
Length: 166.0 mm
Breadth: 95.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 622.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.74
Note: tree number 11
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 6  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 12
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 20 mm
Length: 249.0 mm
Breadth: 96.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 943.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.59
Note: tree number 12
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 13
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 17 mm
Length: 160.0 mm
Breadth: 92.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 572.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.73
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 26
Husk Thickness: 19 mm
Length: 182.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 546.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.06
Note: tree number 26
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 5
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 155.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 443.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.76
Note: tree number 5
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 10
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 172.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 455.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.95
Note: tree number 10
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 14
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 190.0 mm
Breadth: 90.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 565.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.11
Note: tree number 14
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 23
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 187.0 mm
Breadth: 96.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 637.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.94
Note: tree number 23
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 30
Husk Thickness: 13 mm
Length: 164.0 mm
Breadth: 82.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 368.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.00
Note: tree number 30
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 37  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 11
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 6  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 12
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 273  x ARF 22
Acc: tree number 13
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 5
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 10
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 14
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: ARF 22 x PA 169 [PER] 
Acc: tree number 30
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

Costa Rica - CATIE (1992) Inventory of the cacao collection conserved at CATIE, Costa Rica. September, 1992.. J. Morera, Unpublished report. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.