Search Results

SILECIA 5 [ECU]    Theobroma cacao

 Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von (1950)
Report of a trip to the Napo river.. Typed Report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. 1950. pp. 15.

Derivation: SILECIA farm.
Collected by Desrosiers/Doak.
Location: Silecia farm, Archidona, ECU.

Notes:  Pound, 1943b [POU43B] Progeny from selected trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease.

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] Pound used letters and numbers as identifiers. SLA, SLB and SLC could all be the same series of material.
 

Synonyms: EET 333 [ECU], ETS 333 [ECU]

 NOTES

Pound, 1943b [POU43B] Progeny from selected trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] Pound used letters and numbers as identifiers. SLA, SLB and SLC could all be the same series of material.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: R. Napo, Napo, Ecuador (cultivated land)
Date: 13 December 1949
Coordinates: 77.45 W, 0.55 S
Material collected: Budwood
Altitude: 841 m
Notes: Archidona, Silecia farm
Expedition Code: 49EQ
   Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von, 1961
   Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von, 1950
   Soria, V.J., 1970

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
EQX 47 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Curaray' Population
 Reference

 HELD IN

Show Details Hide Details

Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1349     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: SILECIA 5 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 2002
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SILECIA-5
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22085
   - Local Name: SILECIA-5 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 2007
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: EET 333 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: EET-333
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET - 333
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SILECIA
   - Year of Accession: 1973
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: EET 333 [ECU]
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: SILECIA 5 [ECU]

 DISEASE

Show Details Hide Details

 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 97.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.5 and Internal Severety = 4.7
 Phillips, W., 1996
Susceptible, 97.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.5 and Internal Severety = 4.7
 Phillips, W., 1997
 Phytophthora
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
 Witches Broom
Intermediate
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Intermediate
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Intermediate
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977

 YIELD

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 85.4 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: medium
 Reference

 BEAN

Show Details Hide Details

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Absent
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 34.9
Maximum Number: 44
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.87 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.17 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.7 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.4 mm
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Colour: dark purple
Shape: cylindrical
Size: large
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 2.40 g
 Reference

 FRUIT

Show Details Hide Details

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 9.15 mm (11.4 - 6.9)
Length: 166.0 mm
Breadth: 78.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 471.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 5
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.12
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.67
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: amelonado
Colour: yellow
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Shape: amelonado
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: amelonado
Rugosity: intense
Colour: yellow
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1349
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 5.58 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.11 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.20 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 67.03 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.83 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 198.00 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.55 g
Specific Leaf Area: 130.20 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

Show Details Hide Details

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: anthocyanin absent
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Colour: green
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: white
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: white
 Reference

 LEAF

Show Details Hide Details

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.04
Basal Angle: 115.0 °
Apical Angle: 91.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.04
Basal Angle: 115.0 °
Apical Angle: 91.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.04
Basal Angle: 115.0 °
Apical Angle: 94.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

Show Details Hide Details

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.40 mm
Sepal Length: 9.47 mm
Ligule Length: 7.36 mm
Ligule Width: 2.01 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.01 mm
Ovary Length: 1.40 mm
Style Length: 2.13 mm
Staminode Length: 8.28 mm
Pedicel Colour: pale red
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.30 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 8.40 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.63
Ligule Length: 2.80 mm
Ligule Width: 2.30 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.25
Ribbon Length: 2.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.10 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.34
Ovule Number: 42
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.90 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.20 mm
Pedicel Colour: anthocyanin absent, anthocyanin absent (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: present
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: white
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.30 mm
Sepal Colour: white
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 8.40 mm
Ligule Length: 2.80 mm
Ligule Width: 2.30 mm
Ribbon Length: 2.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.10 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.90 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.20 mm
Pedicel Colour: white, white (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: white
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.30 mm
Sepal Colour: white
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 8.40 mm
Ligule Length: 2.80 mm
Ligule Width: 2.30 mm
Ribbon Length: 2.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.10 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.90 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.20 mm
Pedicel Colour: white, white (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von (1950) Report of a trip to the Napo river.. Typed Report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. 1950. pp. 15.
Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von (1961) Report of a trip to the Napo river.. Unpublished report dated 7 July 1961, E.E.T, Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 11.
Soria, V.J. (1970) The latest cocoa expeditions to the Amazon Basin.. Cacao (Costa Rica) 15: pp. 5-15.
Trinidad - ICTA (EQX) (No Date) List of the parentage of EQX accessions.. Untitled manuscript, Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp.1.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Togo - IRCC Togo (1991) Collection des clones de cacaoyers presents au Togo.. Unpublished report, IRCC Togo, p.1.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela.. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
KKO (1993) Information from the KKO cocoa germplasm database.. Information supplied on computer diskette by C. Cilas, CIRAD-CP, France.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.