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MAN 15 /60 [BRA]    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1993)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: MANaus.
Location: ICGT, Brazil.

Notes:  Bartley, 1993 [BAR93A] Open-pollinated seedlings of MA.

Clones erroneously included with MA [BRA] in End et al. 1992 [END92A].

Synonyms: MA 15 /60 [BRA], G VI 187, MANAUS 15 /60 [BRA]


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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 87     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: MAN 15/60 [BRA]
   - Year of Accession: 1987
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 1058
   - Local Name: MAN 15.60
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22077
   - Local Name: MAN-15/60 [BRA]
   - Year of Accession: 2007
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: MAN15-60
   - Year of Accession: 1989
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 86
   - Local Name: GVI-187
List received in 1997   Reference
• Accession: 187
   - Local Name: MAN 15 /60 [BRA]
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00669
   - Local Name: MAN 15/60 (BRA)
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: MAN 15 /60 [BRA]
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: MAN 15/60 [BRA]
   - Year of Accession: 1973
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: MAN 15 60
   - Year of Accession: 1991


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 34.7 (pods per kg dried beans)


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 45.0
Total Wet Weight: 42.6 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.64 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 10.2 mm


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 4.90 %


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 164.0 mm
Breadth: 76.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa


 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 87
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 4.33 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.07 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.05 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 62.74 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.95 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 6
Leaf Area: 335.30 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 2.13 g
Specific Leaf Area: 158.10 cm2 g-1


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: moderate anthocyanin


 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 158 mm
Length: 333.0 mm
Width: 120.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.80
Basal Angle: 117.6 °
Apical Angle: 62.6 °
Petiole Length: 24 mm
Pulvinus Length: 18 mm


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 7.29 mm
Ligule Width: 3.21 mm
Ovule Number: 46
Style Length: 1.78 mm
Pedicel Colour: red

Bartley, B.G.D. (1993) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Philippe Bastide. (2012) Les clones suivis au Vanuatu (unpublished list of accessions). Personal communication, February 2012.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.