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JA 1 /19 [POU]    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1943)
First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease.. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.

Derivation: JAvilla.
Collected by Pound.
Location: Hda. Javilla, ECU.

Notes:  Progeny from trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease (1939).

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. Pound states that pods were collected from Jabilla (=Javilla) farm from the trees numbered: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10.
 

Synonyms: JA 119 [POU]

 NOTES

Progeny from trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease (1939). Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. Pound states that pods were collected from Jabilla (=Javilla) farm from the trees numbered: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10.

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 352     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: JA 1/19 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 1038
   - Local Name: JA 119
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: JA-119
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21933
   - Local Name: JA-1/19
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: JA1/19
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 164
   - Local Name: JA-1/19
List received in 1997   Reference
• Local Name: JA 119 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: JA 1/19 [POU]

 YIELD

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 23.1 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: dark purple
Shape: ovate
Number: 42.0
Total Wet Weight: 65.0 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.03 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.7 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.7 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 5.30 %
 Reference
 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 54.69 %
Testa: 6.73 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: obovate
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: indented
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 165.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 352
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 3.32 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.07 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.02 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 64.51 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.76 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 270.30 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.90 g
Specific Leaf Area: 142.70 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.32 mm
Ligule Width: 2.65 mm
Ovule Number: 47
Style Length: 2.89 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1943) First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease.. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions.. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.