Search Results

B 5 /3 [POU]    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1943)
First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease.. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.

Derivation: Balao.
Collected by Pound.
Location: Dept. of Agriculture, ECU.

Notes:  Progeny from Hda. Balao, Ecuador planted in Trinidad 1939-41.

10/09/96 Previously recorded in the ICGD and elsewhere that B stood from Bolivar but this was found to be incorrect when Pound's 1943 report was re-discovered.

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. Progeny were obtained from the following trees or combinations of trees: 1+2, 3,4,5,6,7,8,9+10,11,12,13, 14,15,16,17,18,20,21,22 and 23.


 

Synonyms: B 53 [POU], BALAO 5 /3 [POU]

 NOTES

Progeny from Hda. Balao, Ecuador planted in Trinidad 1939-41. 10/09/96 Previously recorded in the ICGD and elsewhere that B stood from Bolivar but this was found to be incorrect when Pound's 1943 report was re-discovered. Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. Progeny were obtained from the following trees or combinations of trees: 1+2, 3,4,5,6,7,8,9+10,11,12,13, 14,15,16,17,18,20,21,22 and 23.

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
GEBP 165 /A-M [ADI]    Frances Bekele, 2019

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 1269
   - Local Name: B 53
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: B-5.3
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21999
   - Local Name: B-5/3 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: B 5/3
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 159
   - Local Name: B-5/3
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: B 5/3 [POU]

 DISEASE

 Phytophthora
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
 Witches Broom
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998

 YIELD

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 26.7 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 34.0
Total Wet Weight: 52.4 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.8 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.8 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 4.40 %
 Reference
 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 51.40 %
Testa: 6.60 %
 Reference
 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 53.61 %
Testa: 10.93 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: intense
Length: 167.0 mm
Breadth: 81.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: moderate
Note: Hardness > 1.6 and <= 2.0 Mpa
 Reference

 CADMIUM

 Lewis, Caleb et al., 2018
Tissue: leaf
Mean Cadmium Content: 1.13 %
Accumulation: low
 Reference
 Lewis, Caleb et al., 2018
Tissue: bean
Mean Cadmium Content: 0.58 %
Accumulation: low
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
 Reference

 LEAF

 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 147 mm
Length: 293.0 mm
Width: 84.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 3.40
Basal Angle: 105.2 °
Apical Angle: 73.4 °
Petiole Length: 22 mm
Pulvinus Length: 16 mm
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 7.62 mm
Ligule Width: 2.04 mm
Ovule Number: 36
Style Length: 2.27 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1943) First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease.. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.
Frances Bekele (2019) Pedigree data for the GEBP clones supplied to ICQC,R (UK) by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Data supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2019.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Lewis, Caleb, Adrian M. Lennon, Gaius Eudoxie & Pathmanathan Umaharan (2018) Genetic variation in bioaccumulation and partitioning of cadmium in Theobroma cacao L.. Science of the Total Environment 640–641, 696–703
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.