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TAP 12 [CHA]    Theobroma cacao

 Chalmers, W.S. (1973)
Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.

Derivation: river TAPiche.
Collected by Chalmers (INIAP/UWI).
Location: R. Tapiche, Peru.

(Chalmers, 1973 [CHA73A]) TAP 4 to TAP 15 were collected by children and there is no guarantee that they were collected from different trees. The Tapiche pods had five pairs of pronouced ridges, were very rugose with a very short constricted nipple-like point. The pod wall was generally fairly soft. The seeds were smallish and purple. Three of the trees had no Witches' broom.

Notes:  Chalmers, 1973 [CHA73A] Collections made in 1973.

Synonyms: TAPICHE 12 [CHA]


Location: R. Tapiche, Loreto, Peru (pasture)
Date: March 1973
Coordinates: 73.50 W, 5.00 S
Material collected: Budwood
Notes: Requena (Amoco Concession) Finca Bella Esperanza
Expedition Code: 73CH
   Chalmers, W.S., 1973


 Mother to:
INIAP T 43    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 178    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
 Father to:
SHRS-12    Daymond, Andrew, 2021
SHRS-27    Daymond, Andrew, 2021


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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1725     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: TAP 12
   - Year of Accession: 2013
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TAP - 12
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: TAP 12
   - Year of Accession: 1995


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 38.8 (pods per kg dried beans)


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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 30.0
Total Wet Weight: 39.6 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.86 g
Cotyledon Length: 19.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.2 mm
 Chalmers, W.S., 1970
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Note: expedition data
 Queroz, J., 1999
Number: 32.0
Wet Weight: 1.02 g


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 5.90 %


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Length: 126.0 mm
Breadth: 74.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: intense anthocyanin


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.65 mm
Ligule Width: 2.51 mm
Ovule Number: 43
Style Length: 2.54 mm
Pedicel Colour: green

Chalmers, W.S. (1973) Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.
Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel (2010) EVALUACIÓN DE CLONES DE CACAO (Theobroma Cacao L.) PROVENIENTES DE PLÁNTULAS HÍBRIDAS SELECCIONADAS POR RESISTENCIA A LA ENFERMEDAD ESCOBA DE BRUJA (Moniliopththora Perniciosa). Universidad Tecnica Estatal de Quevedo, Ecuador
Daymond, Andrew (2021) Notes on SHRS clones in ICQC,R. Pers. Com.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Chalmers, W.S. (1970) Data accumulated from Chalmers' Collection reports from expeditions to Ecuador between 1968-1973. Series of 7 unpublished Reports. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies. See other reference entries for details.
Queroz, J. (1999) Caracteristicas fenotipicas de materiales de la coleccion Chalmers. Unpublished report by James Queroz, INIAP, Ecuador passed on to the ICGD by Dr. A.Eskes, IPGRI.