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SC 20 [COL]    Theobroma cacao

 Hunter, J.R. (1961)
The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.

Derivation: Seleccion Colombiana.
Location: Palmira, Valle, Colombia.

Notes:  Doak & Zambrano, 1961 [DOA61A] Collected in 1961.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. May be the same as MIRANDA in Soria, 1970a [SOR70A].

In previous versions of the ICGD the SPA [COL] clones were included as synonyms of the group SC [COL] (SC 57 - 76 inclusive). The synonymy has now been reversed as this material was originally described as SPA and is more widely known under this name, as advised by Dr. Bartley.


Synonyms: SCT 204 [COL], SCS 20 [COL]


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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 690     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: SC 20 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: SC 20 [COL]
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 151
   - Local Name: SC-20
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: SC 20 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1994


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 22.8 (pods per kg dried beans)


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 36.0
Total Wet Weight: 69.5 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.22 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.4 mm
 Colombia - ICA Palmira, 1986
Colour Purple: 48 %
Colour Light Purple: 42 %
Colour White: 10 %
Size: large
Number: 26.8
Length: 25.7 mm
Width: 15.4 mm
Thickness: 10.4 mm
Total Wet Weight: 119.2 g
Wet Weight: 2.67 g
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.15 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.54 g


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 5.70 %
 Colombia - ICA Palmira, 1986
Testa: 8.87 %


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: slight
Length: 172.0 mm
Breadth: 84.0 mm
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Hardness: moderate
Note: Hardness > 1.6 and <= 2.0 Mpa
 Colombia - ICA Palmira, 1986
Shape: orbicular
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 0.65 mm
Length: 196.0 mm
Breadth: 97.5 mm
Colour: yellow
Weight: 704.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.01


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: moderate anthocyanin


 Colombia - ICA Palmira, 1986
Shape: obovate
Length: 310.0 mm
Width: 109.9 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.82
Apex Form: acuminate
Pulvinus Present: Yes


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 8.45 mm
Ligule Width: 2.87 mm
Ovule Number: 41
Style Length: 2.41 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Colombia - ICA Palmira, 1986
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Petal Length: 15.70 mm
Sepal Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.45 mm
Sepal Length: 8.50 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.46
Ligule Length: 3.10 mm
Ligule Width: 2.93 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.05
Ribbon Length: 4.20 mm
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.00
Ovule Number: 45
Style Length: 2.00 mm
Staminode Colour: dark magenta
Staminode Length: 6.60 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.60 mm
Pedicel Colour: violet brown
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Pantone colour codes.

Hunter, J.R. (1961) The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1989) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA Palmira, Colombia.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1986) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. ICA Palmira, Colombia.