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EET 272 [ECU]    Theobroma cacao

Derivation: Estacion Experimental Tropical.
Location: E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador.

Notes:  Some EET clones are imported genotypes which have been given the duplicate identifier [IMP], [POU] for kown Pound collections and [MIG] for known SAN MIGUEL clones.

Synonyms: G VI 56, G VI 56 [ECU], EET POUND 272 [POU], G VI EET 56 [ECU], EET 272 [POU]


Bartley, 1997a [BAR97A] Could be a hybrid between POUND 7 and POUND 18 or POUND 21.


 - Tingo Maria, Peru
 - [BAR95A] Presumed to be derived from the plants left in Peru by Pound (late 1930's). The fruit shape resembles that of some PA clones and the high seed numbers it produces suggest that it may be related to POUND 7 [POU] or POUND 21 [POU].
   Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
 Mother to:
EET 432 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EQX 112 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 33 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 34 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date


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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 6     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: EET 272 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1985
• Accession: RUQ 6B     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: EET 272 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1985
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 549
   - Local Name: EET 272
   - Year of Accession: 1985
• Accession: 963
   - Local Name: EET 272
• Accession: 963
   - Local Name: EET 272
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET-272
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: EET 272 [ECU]
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21919
   - Local Name: EET-272
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 56
   - Local Name: EET 272
List received in 1997   Reference
• Local Name: EET 272 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1996
• Local Name: G VI 56
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: EET 272
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: EET 272 [ECU]
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: EET 272


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 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Artificial reaction to black pod (Paper Disc Method). Rated as Highly Resistant
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Score: 1 (1-8 Scale). Fully grown, unripe detached pods (4-5 months old).
 A.D. Iwaro et al., 2006
 Vascular Streak Dieback
48.50 % Infection
Note: 20 plants sampled..
 Subali, S., 1992
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
 Witches Broom
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998


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 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Seed Index: 105.2 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 28.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 126.5 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 25.9 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 25.0 (pods per kg dried beans)


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 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Number: 37.0
Dry Weight: 0.95 g
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 49.4
Total Dry Weight: 38.6 g
Dry Weight: 0.79 g
Note: 23 plants sampled
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: oblong
Number: 47.0
Total Wet Weight: 55.9 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.85 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.2 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.1 mm


 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 57.10 %
Note: 6 plants sampled
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 3.20 %


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Length: 148.0 mm
Breadth: 80.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense


 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 6
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 3.90 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.11 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.51 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 52.24 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.44 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 266.20 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.74 g
Specific Leaf Area: 153.80 cm2 g-1


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: slight anthocyanin


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 6.34 mm
Ligule Width: 2.21 mm
Ovule Number: 45
Style Length: 2.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: red

Ecuador - Pichilingue (1987) Nomina de clones y numero de plantas existentes en la coleccion internacional de germoplasma de cacao, EET, Pichilingue. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 18.
Trinidad - ICTA (EQX) (No Date) List of the parentage of EQX accessions. Untitled manuscript, Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp.1.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia. Personal communication, March 2010.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
A.D. Iwaro, D.R. Butler & A.B. Eskes (2006) Sources of resistance to Phytophthora pod rot at the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (2006) 53: 99–109
Subali, S. (1992) MARDI's results on performance of imported primary cocoa clones. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Malaysia - Applied Agriculture (1992) Data from Applied Agriculture Research Unit (AARU). In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October 1992, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: pp. 4.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.