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EET 94 [ECU]    Theobroma cacao

Derivation: Estacion Experimental Tropical.
Location: E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador.

Notes:  Some EET clones are imported genotypes which have been given the duplicate identifier [IMP], [POU] for kown Pound collections and [MIG] for known SAN MIGUEL clones.

Synonyms: TENGUEL 1 [ECU], ETS 94 [ECU]


Location: Prov. Guayas, Tenguel, Ecuador
Coordinates: 80.50 W, 2.00 S
   Marita, J. M. et al., 2001


 - Tenguel, Prov. Guayas
   Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987


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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 248
   - Local Name: EET 94
   - Year of Accession: 1978
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET-94
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10272
   - Local Name: EET-94
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET - 94
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: EET 94 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1987
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: TARS 16615     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: EET 94 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1939


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 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 88.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 3.7 and Internal Severety = 4.4
 Phillips, W., 1996
Susceptible, 88.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 3.7 and Internal Severety = 4.4
 Phillips, W., 1997
Moderately Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Susceptible, 84.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe and not wounded
 Lopez-Baez, O. et al., 1996
 Witches Broom
Intermediate (Field Reaction).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Intermediate (Seedling).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997


 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 68.0 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low - medium


 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 35.6
Maximum Number: 47
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.10 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.47 g
Cotyledon Length: 25.8 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.5 mm


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 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: moderate
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 12.4 mm (15 - 9.8)
Length: 208.0 mm
Breadth: 97.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 716.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 4
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.14
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.62
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green


 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: light brown


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 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: pale green
Sepal Width: 2.09 mm
Sepal Length: 9.16 mm
Ligule Length: 7.85 mm
Ligule Width: 2.43 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.97 mm
Ovary Length: 1.12 mm
Style Length: 2.98 mm
Staminode Length: 6.27 mm
Pedicel Colour: pale red
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible

Marita, J. M., Nienhuis, J., Pires, J. L. & Aitken, W. M. (2001) Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Theobroma cacao with Emphasis on Witches’ Broom Disease Resistance. Crop Sci. 41:1305–1316.
Ecuador - Pichilingue (1987) Nomina de clones y numero de plantas existentes en la coleccion internacional de germoplasma de cacao, EET, Pichilingue. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 18.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Lopez-Baez, O., Mulato-Brito, J. & Lopez-Arroyo, J. (1992) Recursos geneticos del cacao, Theobroma cacao L. disponibles en Mexico. Agricultura Tecnico Mexicana 18(1-2): pp. 25-38.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Fraire, V.G. & Cueto, M.J. (1996) Mejoramiento genetico para la resistencia a Phytophthora en Mexico. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Contribution of Disease Resistance to Cocoa Variety Improvement, INGENIC, Salvador, 24th-26th September, 1996. pp.51-55.
Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1997) Evaluating resistance/tolerance to Witches' Broom disease in Bahia, Brazil. Final Report to ACRI. CEPLAC/CEPEC, February, 1997. pp. 56. Data supplied to ICGD by Luz & Silva.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.