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KER 3    Theobroma cacao

 French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (1994)
Morphological characteristics of the clones held at CIRAD Guyane. Data supplied to ICGD on computer diskette. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Guyane.

Derivation: river KERinioutou,.
Collected by Lachenaud.
Location: R. Kerinioutou, Oyapock, French Guiana.

Lachenaud, 1993a [LAC93A]. Habit - Tall trees. Leaf- pigmented flush leaves. Fruits - green and Amelonado shaped, similar to PINA. No symptoms of Witches Broom.

Notes:  French Guiana - CIRAD-CP, 1994a [GUY94A] Collections made in 1990.

Synonyms: KW454


Location: R. Kerindioutou, Haut Oyapock, French Guiana
Date: 12 July 1990
Coordinates: 53°1'53" W, 2°11'12" N
Material collected: Budwood
Expedition Code: 90GU
   Lachenaud, P. & Sallee, B., 1993


 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Guiana' Population
Subgroup: 'Kerindioutou R'   Reference


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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 406     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: KER 3
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22029
   - Local Name: KER-3
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: KER 3
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: KER 3
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00454
   - Local Name: KER 3


Susceptible, sp. P. megakarya (Leaf Disc Test).
Note: Mean of lesion score = 3.08. Population Kerindioutou
 Paulin, D. et al., 2008


 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 406
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 2.92 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.05 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 0.86 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 64.02 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.63 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 215.80 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.58 g
Specific Leaf Area: 137.10 cm2 g-1


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: slight anthocyanin

French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (1994) Morphological characteristics of the clones held at CIRAD Guyane. Data supplied to ICGD on computer diskette. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Guyane.
Lachenaud, P. & Sallee, B. (1993) Les cacaoyers spontanes de Guyane. Localisation, ecologie et morphologie. Cafe, Cacao, The 37: pp. 101-114.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L). PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Paulin, D., Ducamp, M. & Lachenaud, P. (2008) New sources of resistance to Phytophthora megakarya identified in wild cocoa tree populations of French Guiana. Crop Protection. 27: pp 1143–1147.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.