Search Results

UF 667    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1995)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: United Fruit selections.
Collected by UF company.
Location: Limon, Almirante, CRI.

Notes:  Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's.

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).
 

Synonyms: EET 281 [IMP], EET 313 [IMP], G VI 193, EET IMP 281, EET IMP 313, UFC 667, UFCO 667

 NOTES

Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).

Identified as an off-type (using SSR markers) in the IDIAF collection, Dominican Republic [UF-667]   IDIAF, 2011

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
TRINITARIO TYPE x Unknown   Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
 Mother to:
CC 100    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 102    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 103    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 37    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 43    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 44    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 54    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 74    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 423 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
 Father to:
CC 236    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 244    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CEPEC 45    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 46    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 47    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 48    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
IFC 1054 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 55     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1985
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 298
   - Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1978
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF-667
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: EET 313 [IMP]
• Local Name: UF 667
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10560
   - Local Name: UF-667
   - Year of Accession: 1952
List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1957
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: UF-667 (Incorrecto)
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1949
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1956
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 139
   - Local Name: UF 667
List received in 1997   Reference
• Accession: 193
   - Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00292
   - Local Name: UF667
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
List received in 1995   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1984
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: UF - 667
List received in 1993   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF667
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1952
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: TARS 16884     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1939
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667
   - Year of Accession: 1992
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: UF 667

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 84.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.7 and Internal Severety = 4.4
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Cross: UF 667 x UPA 603 
32.90 % Infection (Pod).
Note: percentage of infected pods. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = E
 Jagoret, P. et al., 1995
12.88 % Infection (Pod).
Note: percentage of infected pods. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = AB
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Intermediate, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1993
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1980
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Susceptible, 76.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe and not wounded
 Lopez-Baez, O. et al., 1996
Susceptible, 95.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978
 Vascular Streak Dieback
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
Resistant
 Lamin, K., 1992
Tolerant
 Chong, T.C. & Lamin, K., 1992
 Witches Broom
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998

 PESTS

 Mirids
High Damage
Note: Trial G8. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = A
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
High Damage
 N'Goran, J.A.K. et al., 1993

 YIELD

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 28.1 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 54.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: high
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 86.2 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Productivity: low
 Reference
 Lamin, K., 1992
Seed Index: 60.2 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 18.1 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Yield: 1694 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: ovate
Number: 36.0
Total Wet Weight: 50.2 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.99 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.4 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Absent
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 30.1
Maximum Number: 40
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 3.03 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.82 g
Cotyledon Length: 27.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 16.0 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 10.6 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Present
Number: 28.6
Maximum Number: 41
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.84 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.16 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.4 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 62 %
Colour Light Purple: 31 %
Shape: elongate
Length: 30.1 mm
Width: 17.4 mm
Thickness: 12.1 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 3.74 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 2.10 g
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Colour: light purple
Shape: oval
Size: large
Number: 42.0
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 6.50 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: slight
Length: 138.0 mm
Breadth: 71.0 mm
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: slightly acute - acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 9.95 mm (12.3 - 7.6)
Length: 163.0 mm
Breadth: 84.0 mm
Colour: moderate / slight anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 523.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 7
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.94
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.68
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: very slight
Husk Thickness: 10.4 mm (12.6 - 8.2)
Length: 186.0 mm
Breadth: 94.0 mm
Colour: high / moderate anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 701.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 3
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.97
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.77
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: moderate - slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: moderate
Pods Per Tree: 3
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: angoleta
Husk Thickness: 19.2 mm
Length: 198.0 mm
Breadth: 102.0 mm
Colour: red and yellow / yellow and red (ridge/furrow)
Hardness: very hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.01
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Shape: angoleta
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: angoleta
Colour: red
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 55
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 4.25 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.08 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.10 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 57.65 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.92 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 279.00 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.96 g
Specific Leaf Area: 141.60 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: anthocyanin absent
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: brownish red
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Colour: red
 Reference

 LEAF

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 2.79
Basal Angle: 137.0 °
Apical Angle: 78.0 °
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 105 mm
Length: 222.0 mm
Width: 78.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.80
Basal Angle: 109.3 °
Apical Angle: 58.9 °
Petiole Length: 16 mm
Pulvinus Length: 13 mm
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 7.60 mm
Ligule Width: 2.80 mm
Ovule Number: 35
Style Length: 1.91 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: light green
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 8.70 mm
Ligule Length: 7.30 mm
Ligule Width: 2.30 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.91 mm
Ovary Length: 1.20 mm
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Length: 7.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: pale red
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.00 mm
Sepal Length: 8.40 mm
Ligule Length: 7.50 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.99 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Length: 7.60 mm
Pedicel Colour: pale red
Self Compatibility: self compatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.50 mm
Sepal Length: 9.60 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.90
Ligule Length: 3.90 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.32
Ribbon Length: 4.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.48
Ovule Number: 42
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.00 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 7.90 mm
Pedicel Length: 17.90 mm
Pedicel Colour: intense anthocyanin, intense anthocyanin (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: absent
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: present
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 French Guiana - CIRAD-CP, 2003
Ovule Number: 40
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

Bartley, B.G.D. (1995) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Ecuador - Pichilingue (1987) Nomina de clones y numero de plantas existentes en la coleccion internacional de germoplasma de cacao, EET, Pichilingue.. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 18.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Clement, D. & Sounigo, O. (1992) Ivory Coast Database.. D. Clement & O. Sounigo, IRCC, Bingerville, Cote d'Ivoire. Personal Communication.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Cote d'Ivoire - IRCC (1989) Liste des clones en collection.. Unpublished Report, IRCC Bingerville, Cote d'Ivoire, Doc. No. 192. D. Clement, IRCC, Cote d'Ivoire. Personal Communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) CIRAD Montpellier Clone List (Excel Spreadsheet).. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Grenada - MALF (1994) Notes on the cocoa germplasm in Grenada.. C.A. Williams, Grenada Cocoa Association, Grenada. Personal Communication.
Guatemala - Los Brilliantes (1994) Lista de clones existentes en la Estacion de Investigacion y Produccion Agricola "Los Brillantes" a Agosto 1994.. M.T. Reyes Barrios, EIAP Guatemala. Personal Communication.
Honduras - CEDEC (1994) List of accessions in CEDEC, La Masica, Honduras.. J.A. Sanchez, FHIA, Honduras. Personal Communication.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions.. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI.. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia.. Personal communication, March 2010.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Cueto-Moreno, J. & Fraire-Vazquez, G. (1995) Progressos en el mejoramiento genetico del cacao Theobroma cacao L. en Mexico.. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Cocoa Breeding Strategies, Kuala Lumpur, 1994. INGENIC, Reading, U.K. pp. 18-25.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
Soloman Islands - S.I. Plantns (1993) Inventory of Soloman Islands Plantations Ltd.. Unpublished report, Soloman Islands Plantations Ltd, Soloman Islands, p.1.
Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul (2012) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Chumphon Research Center, Thailand.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul, Agricultural Research Officer, Department of Agriculture, Thailand. January 2012.
Togo - IRCC Togo (1991) Collection des clones de cacaoyers presents au Togo.. Unpublished report, IRCC Togo, p.1.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Philippe Bastide. (2012) Les clones suivis au Vanuatu (unpublished list of accessions).. Personal communication, February 2012.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela.. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Jagoret, P., Bastide, Ph., Pilecki, A., Besacier, C. & Eskes, A.B. (1995) Performance et resistance a la pourriture brune d'hybrides de cacaoyer au Vanuatu (Pacifique Sud).. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 425-431.
Sounigo, O., N'Goran, J., Coulibaly, N., Clement, D. & Lachenaud, P. (1995) Evaluation de clones de cacaoyers pour la productivite, la resistance aux mirides et la resistance a la pourriture des cabosses.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 375-381.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Sreenivasan, T.N. (1993) Screening for resistance to Black Pod.. T.N. Sreenivasan, CRU, Trinidad. Personal Communication.
Sreenivasan, T.N. (1980) Screening for resistance to Black Pod.. Cocoa Research Unit Annual Report on Cocoa Research 1975-1980. University of the West Indies, Trinidad. p.16.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Fraire, V.G. & Cueto, M.J. (1996) Mejoramiento genetico para la resistencia a Phytophthora en Mexico.. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Contribution of Disease Resistance to Cocoa Variety Improvement, INGENIC, Salvador, 24th-26th September, 1996. pp.51-55.
Lawrence, J.S. (1978) Screening of cacao cultivars for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora in the collection at CATIE, Costa Rica.. Revista Theobroma 8: pp. 125-131.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Lamin, K. (1992) Data from Malaysian Cocoa Board.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Chong, T.C. & Lamin, K. (1992) Performance of some of the Fo clones in the germplasm collection of the Department of Agriculture, Sabah.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,13th October, 1992.
N'Goran, J.A.K., Lachenaud, P., Bastide P., & Paulin, D. (1993) Cocoa germplasm conservation initiatives in Cote d'Ivoire.. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Conservation, Characterisation and Utilisation of Cocoa Genetic Resources in the 21st Century. CRU, UWI, Trinidad. pp. 221-227.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
KKO (1993) Information from the KKO cocoa germplasm database.. Information supplied on computer diskette by C. Cilas, CIRAD-CP, France.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.
French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (2003) F. Guiana database 2003. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, 17 March 2003.