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UF 613    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1995)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: United Fruit selections.
Collected by UF company.
Location: Limon, Almirante, CRI.

Notes:  Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's.

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).
 

Synonyms: EET 4 [IMP], EET IMP 4, UFC 613, UFCO 613

 NOTES

Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).

 RECOMMENDED PLANTING MATERIAL    Disclaimer

 Batista, Lepido J., 2009
Recommended for planting in:
Dominican Republic
Recommended by: Instituto Dominicano de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales (IDIAF), Dominican Republic
 Reference

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
TRINITARIO TYPE x Unknown   Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
 Mother to:
CC 124    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 124    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 158    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 52    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 69    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 79    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 83    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CEPEC 20    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
PMCT 35    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 36    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 37    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 41    Morera, J. et al., 1991
 Father to:
PMCT 38    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 5    Morera, J. et al., 1991

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1573     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 295
   - Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1978
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF-613
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10552
   - Local Name: UF-613
   - Year of Accession: 1952
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: UF-613
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET - 4
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1964
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1992
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1984
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: UF - 613
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 668446     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: UF 613
   - Year of Accession: 1939
   Progeny data only!
List received in 2010   Reference
• Accession: MIA 28339     GRIN-Global 
   - Cross: IMC 67  x UF 613
   - Local Name: IMC67 X UF613
   - Year of Accession: 1982
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: UF 613

 DISEASE

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 Ceratocystis
Resistant
 Morera, J & Mora, A., 1990
Resistant
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Resistant
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
 Frosty Pod Rot
Moderate Resistance
Note: Artificial reaction to frosty pod.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Moderately Susceptible, 96.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.6 and Internal Severety = 3.4
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Resistant
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Moderate Resistance, 25.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe and not wounded
 Lopez-Baez, O. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, 95.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Vascular Streak Dieback
32.90 % Infection (Field Reaction).
Note: 26.2% of trees with <30% infected branches, 4.2% of trees with 30 to 70% infected branches, 2.5% of trees with >70% infected branches.. Sime Darby Plantations, Devon Estate.
 Lam, K.S., 1992

 YIELD

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 83.3 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 22.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 27.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Productivity: low
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 70.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Seed Index: 89.7 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 24.9 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 37.4
Total Dry Weight: 44.7 g
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Note: 36 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: oblong
Number: 39.0
Total Wet Weight: 62.9 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.95 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.5 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 34.3
Maximum Number: 46
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.26 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.41 g
Cotyledon Length: 26.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.3 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 83 %
Colour Light Purple: 17 %
Shape: flat/round
Length: 26.3 mm
Width: 13.9 mm
Thickness: 10.0 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.30 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.44 g
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Number: 33.9
Dry Weight: 1.11 g
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 83 %
Colour Light Purple: 17 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.30 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.44 g
Cotyledon Length: 26.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 10.0 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 56.30 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 59.86 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 54.44 %
Note: 6 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 6.60 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 183.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 11.25 mm (13.7 - 8.8)
Length: 204.0 mm
Breadth: 100.0 mm
Colour: high - intense anthocyanin
Weight: 880.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 3
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.04
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.79
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: very slight
Colour: moderate - high / moderate anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Pods Per Tree: 3
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: amelonado
Husk Thickness: 17.1 mm
Length: 199.0 mm
Breadth: 97.0 mm
Colour: red and yellow / yellow and red (ridge/furrow)
Hardness: very hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.01
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: angoleta
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 17.1 mm
Length: 199.0 mm
Breadth: 97.0 mm
Colour: light red and green
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.05
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: red
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1573
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 4.68 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.08 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.06 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 63.97 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.52 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 342.20 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 2.54 g
Specific Leaf Area: 134.90 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: yellow
 Reference

 LEAF

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.06
Basal Angle: 128.0 °
Apical Angle: 74.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.06
Basal Angle: 128.0 °
Apical Angle: 74.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 7.68 mm
Ligule Width: 2.42 mm
Ovule Number: 38
Style Length: 1.74 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.69 mm
Sepal Length: 8.91 mm
Ligule Length: 8.00 mm
Ligule Width: 3.10 mm
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.09 mm
Ovary Length: 1.30 mm
Style Length: 2.50 mm
Staminode Length: 7.35 mm
Pedicel Colour: pastel red
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.80 mm
Sepal Length: 9.30 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.31
Ligule Length: 3.90 mm
Ligule Width: 2.60 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.46
Ribbon Length: 3.50 mm
Ribbon Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ovary Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical), slight anthocyanin (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.70 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.66
Ovule Number: 46
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.30 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 7.90 mm
Pedicel Length: 20.30 mm
Pedicel Colour: intense anthocyanin, intense anthocyanin (ab)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 French Guiana - CIRAD-CP, 2003
Ovule Number: 40
 Reference
 Lockwood, G., 1973
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: green
Ligule Colour: green
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: green - white
Sepal Width: 2.80 mm
Sepal Length: 9.30 mm
Ligule Length: 3.90 mm
Ligule Width: 2.60 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.50 mm
Ribbon Colour: green
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.70 mm
Ovule Number: 46
Style Colour: yellow (apical), green (basal)
Style Length: 2.30 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 7.90 mm
Pedicel Length: 20.30 mm
Pedicel Colour: yellow, yellow (ab), yellow (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Bartley, B.G.D. (1995) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
Batista, Lepido J. (2009) Guía Técnica el Cultivo de Cacao en la República Dominicana. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. Centro para el Desarrollo Agropecuario y Forestal (CEDAF)
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Guatemala - Los Brilliantes (1994) Lista de clones existentes en la Estacion de Investigacion y Produccion Agricola "Los Brillantes" a Agosto 1994.. M.T. Reyes Barrios, EIAP Guatemala. Personal Communication.
Honduras - CEDEC (1994) List of accessions in CEDEC, La Masica, Honduras.. J.A. Sanchez, FHIA, Honduras. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) List of Imported Clones of the Malaysian Cocoa Board, January 1998. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Mulato-Brito, J. & Lopez-Arroyo, J. (1992) Recursos geneticos del cacao, Theobroma cacao L. disponibles en Mexico.. Agricultura Tecnico Mexicana 18(1-2): pp. 25-38.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
USDA-ARS, SHRS, NCGR, National Germplasm Repository, Miami, Florida, USA. (2010) List of cocoa accessions held at Miami and Coconut Grove (Plant Introduction Station) in July, 2010.. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela.. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Morera, J & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Programa de Mejoramiento de Cultivos Tropicales, Turrialba, Costa Rica. 16 pp.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Fraire, V.G. & Cueto, M.J. (1996) Mejoramiento genetico para la resistencia a Phytophthora en Mexico.. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Contribution of Disease Resistance to Cocoa Variety Improvement, INGENIC, Salvador, 24th-26th September, 1996. pp.51-55.
Lawrence, J.S. (1978) Screening of cacao cultivars for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora in the collection at CATIE, Costa Rica.. Revista Theobroma 8: pp. 125-131.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Lam, K.S. (1992) Performance of imported clones in Sime Darby Plantations.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.
French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (2003) F. Guiana database 2003. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, 17 March 2003.
Lockwood, G. (1973) Report on a visit to cocoa centres in the USA, the Caribbean and Latin America for acquisition of germplasm with particular reference to cocoa swollen shoot disease.. Unpublished report, British Research Team, Cocoa Research Institite, Ghana. pp. 23.