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UF 29    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1995)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: United Fruit selections.
Collected by UF company.
Location: Limon, Almirante, CRI.

Notes:  Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's.

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).
 

Synonyms: UFC 29, UFCO 29

 NOTES

Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
NACIONAL  x Unknown   Morera, J., 1992
 Mother to:
AX 362    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 363    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
 Father to:
AX 363    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 372    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 290
   - Local Name: UF 29
   - Year of Accession: 1978
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
   - Year of Accession: 1982
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: UF 29 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: UF 29
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF-29
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10537
   - Local Name: UF-29
   - Year of Accession: 1952
• Accession: 21825
   - Cross: H PURPUREA  x UF 29
   - Local Name: HP x UF-29
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: UF-29
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF - 29
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
   - Year of Accession: 1964
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
   - Year of Accession: 1984
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: UF - 29
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29
   - Year of Accession: 1963
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 256994     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: UF 29
   - Year of Accession: 1939
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: UF 29

 DISEASE

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 Ceratocystis
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 84.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.3 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Moderately Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Resistant, 18.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe and not wounded
 Lopez-Baez, O. et al., 1996
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D., 1998
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: (Note: Field resistance via escape in the Atlantic zone of Costa Rica.)
 Esquivel, O., 1973
 Vascular Streak Dieback
Susceptible
 Lockwood, G., 1995
Susceptible
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
 Witches Broom
Susceptible (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998

 YIELD

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 108.6 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 25.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 19.3 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 86.2 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: medium
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 42.5
Total Dry Weight: 39.4 g
Dry Weight: 0.92 g
Note: 28 plants sampled
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Size: medium - large
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 45.0
Total Wet Weight: 75.0 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.15 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.8 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.4 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Absent
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 39.7
Maximum Number: 52
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.83 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.16 g
Cotyledon Length: 25.8 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.6 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.5 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 100 %
Shape: elongate/round
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 13.0 mm
Thickness: 9.1 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.58 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.05 g
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 100 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.58 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.05 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.0 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.1 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 53.50 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 55.98 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 51.86 %
Note: 7 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 4.60 %
 Reference
 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 52.20 %
Testa: 5.90 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: medium
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: obovate
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Length: 168.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 8.95 mm (11.5 - 6.4)
Length: 154.0 mm
Breadth: 85.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 496.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 5
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.81
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.84
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: amelonado
Husk Thickness: 15.8 mm
Length: 161.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.81
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: cundeamor
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 15.8 mm
Length: 161.0 mm
Breadth: 90.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.78
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: brownish orange
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: green and white
 Reference

 LEAF

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 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 2.80
Basal Angle: 151.0 °
Apical Angle: 89.0 °
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 126 mm
Length: 252.0 mm
Width: 92.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.80
Basal Angle: 139.7 °
Apical Angle: 91.9 °
Petiole Length: 18 mm
Pulvinus Length: 13 mm
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 2.80
Basal Angle: 151.0 °
Apical Angle: 89.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.06 mm
Ligule Width: 2.57 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Length: 2.04 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.08 mm
Sepal Length: 9.03 mm
Ligule Length: 7.27 mm
Ligule Width: 2.27 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.95 mm
Ovary Length: 1.37 mm
Style Length: 2.27 mm
Staminode Length: 6.66 mm
Pedicel Colour: pale red
Self Compatibility: self compatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.50 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.10 mm
Sepal Length: 8.00 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.72
Ligule Length: 3.00 mm
Ligule Width: 2.50 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.21
Ribbon Length: 3.50 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.47
Ovule Number: 47
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.50 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.80 mm
Pedicel Length: 17.60 mm
Pedicel Colour: moderate anthocyanin, moderate anthocyanin (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: present
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: green
Ligule Colour: green
Stamen Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.50 mm
Sepal Colour: green
Sepal Width: 2.10 mm
Sepal Length: 8.00 mm
Ligule Length: 3.00 mm
Ligule Width: 2.50 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.50 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.50 mm
Ovule Number: 47
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 2.50 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.80 mm
Pedicel Length: 17.60 mm
Pedicel Colour: green, green - white (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

Bartley, B.G.D. (1995) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
Morera, J. (1992) Registro Internacional de Cultivares de Cacao.. J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Computer printout.
Trinidad - ICTA (No Date) List of AX Crosses.. Unpublished report, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad. pp 18.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Guatemala - Los Brilliantes (1994) Lista de clones existentes en la Estacion de Investigacion y Produccion Agricola "Los Brillantes" a Agosto 1994.. M.T. Reyes Barrios, EIAP Guatemala. Personal Communication.
Honduras - CEDEC (1994) List of accessions in CEDEC, La Masica, Honduras.. J.A. Sanchez, FHIA, Honduras. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Mulato-Brito, J. & Lopez-Arroyo, J. (1992) Recursos geneticos del cacao, Theobroma cacao L. disponibles en Mexico.. Agricultura Tecnico Mexicana 18(1-2): pp. 25-38.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela.. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Fraire, V.G. & Cueto, M.J. (1996) Mejoramiento genetico para la resistencia a Phytophthora en Mexico.. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Contribution of Disease Resistance to Cocoa Variety Improvement, INGENIC, Salvador, 24th-26th September, 1996. pp.51-55.
Iwaro, D. (1998) Evalation of accessions for Black Pod.. Personal Communication 30th October 1998. Data sent by email from Dr. Iwaro.
Lawrence, J.S. (1978) Screening of cacao cultivars for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora in the collection at CATIE, Costa Rica.. Revista Theobroma 8: pp. 125-131.
Esquivel, O. (1973) Estudios sobre la reaccion de resistencia de algunos cultivares de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) a la pudricion de frutos causada por Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) Butl.. MSc Thesis, IICA, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Lockwood, G. (1995) Notes on clonal resistance to vascular streak dieback.. G. Lockwood, CDC, UK. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad.. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.