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UF 12    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1995)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: United Fruit selections.
Collected by UF company.
Location: Limon, Almirante, CRI.

Notes:  Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's.

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).
 

Synonyms: UFC 12, UFCO 12

 NOTES

Selections from the Atlantic coast made in the 1930's. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The UF series were selected from MATINA material and from material from Ecuador (pers. comm. Soria).

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
CC 137    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 137    Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
CC 138    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 139    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 152    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774247   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629577
BioSample: SAMN09934573
SampleSource: Costa Rica, Tree_ID: 17434

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 288
   - Local Name: UF 12
   - Year of Accession: 1978
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: UF-12
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: UF 12
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10535
   - Local Name: UF-12
   - Year of Accession: 1952
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 12
   - Year of Accession: 1964
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: UF 12
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: UF 12
   - Year of Accession: 1984
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: UF 12
   - Year of Accession: 1963

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.2 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1996
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.2 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1997
 Phytophthora
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
Moderately Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Moderately Susceptible, 90.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: (Note: Slow mycelial development in a liquid medium containing pod husk.)
 Orellana, R.G., 1954
 Witches Broom
Susceptible (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998

 YIELD

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Pod Index: 14.9 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 54.6 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Pod Index: 15.5 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: large
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Colour: purple
Shape: ovate
Number: 38.0
Total Wet Weight: 86.1 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.77 g
Cotyledon Length: 26.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 15.3 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Present
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 35.1
Maximum Number: 46
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.78 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.83 g
Cotyledon Length: 28.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 15.6 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 10.5 mm
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Colour: purple
Shape: ovate
Number: 38.0
Total Wet Weight: 85.7 g
Total Dry Weight: 101.0 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.69 g
Cotyledon Length: 26.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 14.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.4 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 54.10 %
Testa: 4.80 %
 Reference
 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 53.61 %
Testa: 5.05 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: large
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: wideshoulder
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: intense
Length: 179.0 mm
Breadth: 87.0 mm
Colour: slight anthocyanin
Note: Pod wall hardness > 2.0 MPa
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: slightly acute - acute
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 11.45 mm (13.5 - 9.4)
Length: 190.0 mm
Breadth: 93.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 675.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 3
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.04
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.71
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: wideshoulder
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 13.05 mm
Size: medium
Length: 178.8 mm
Breadth: 85.5 mm
Colour: slight anthocyanin
Husk Weight: 328.25 g
Placenta Weight: 7.70 g
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.09
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: angoleta
Colour: intense green
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: brownish red
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference

 LEAF

 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 129 mm
Length: 265.0 mm
Width: 98.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.70
Basal Angle: 93.5 °
Apical Angle: 76.1 °
Petiole Length: 20 mm
Pulvinus Length: 19 mm
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 7.83 mm
Ligule Width: 2.95 mm
Ovule Number: 35
Style Length: 2.24 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: yellow
Sepal Width: 2.40 mm
Sepal Length: 8.90 mm
Ligule Length: 7.80 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.60 mm
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Length: 8.10 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish white
Self Compatibility: self compatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Bud Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Length: 7.75 mm
Guide Line Length: 3.52 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.41 mm
Sepal Length: 7.89 mm
Ligule Length: 3.60 mm
Ligule Width: 2.95 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.24 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical), slight anthocyanin (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.01 mm
Ovary Length: 1.30 mm
Ovule Number: 33
Style Colour: slight anthocyanin
Style Length: 2.23 mm
Pedicel Length: 18.02 mm
Pedicel Colour: very slight anthocyanin, anthocyanin absent (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

Bartley, B.G.D. (1995) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Adriana Arciniegas-Leal, Allan Mata-Quirós & Juan Carlos Motamayor-Arias (2013) Catalogue of Cacao Clones Selected by CATIE for Commercial Plantings. Technical series. Technical manual/CATIE no.105
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Guatemala - Los Brilliantes (1994) Lista de clones existentes en la Estacion de Investigacion y Produccion Agricola "Los Brillantes" a Agosto 1994.. M.T. Reyes Barrios, EIAP Guatemala. Personal Communication.
Honduras - CEDEC (1994) List of accessions in CEDEC, La Masica, Honduras.. J.A. Sanchez, FHIA, Honduras. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Mulato-Brito, J. & Lopez-Arroyo, J. (1992) Recursos geneticos del cacao, Theobroma cacao L. disponibles en Mexico.. Agricultura Tecnico Mexicana 18(1-2): pp. 25-38.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Lawrence, J.S. (1978) Screening of cacao cultivars for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora in the collection at CATIE, Costa Rica.. Revista Theobroma 8: pp. 125-131.
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Phytophthora palmivora using the Paper Disc method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Orellana, R.G. (1954) Growth of Phytophthora palmivora of cacao in liquid media containing cacao shell from different clones as a basis for assessment of resistance.. 5th Reunion del Comite Tecnico Interamericano del Cacao, IICA, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2016) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2016.
Trinidad - ICGT (1998) Flower and fruit descriptions.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad.. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Flower, fruit and leaf descriptors.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.