Search Results

TSH 565    Theobroma cacao

 Shripat, C. (1996)
The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad.. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.

Derivation: Trinidad Selected Hybrids.
Collected by Cocoa Board.

Notes:  Selections from mixed populations of Amazons and Trinitarios.

Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number.

(see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).
 

Synonyms: TSA 565, TSHN 565

 NOTES

Selections from mixed populations of Amazons and Trinitarios. Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number. (see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).

 RECOMMENDED PLANTING MATERIAL    Disclaimer

 Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei et al., 2011
Recommended for planting in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 1995-2014
 Reference
 Yamada, Milton Macoto et al., 2010
Recommended for planting in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 1990
 Reference

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
SCA 6  x ICS 1    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
SCA 6  x ICS 1    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
 Mother to:
TSH 1028    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSH 973    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 974    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996

 HELD IN

Show Details Hide Details

Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1741     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: TSH 565
   - Year of Accession: 2016
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 278
   - Local Name: TSH 565
   - Year of Accession: 1979
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: TSH 565 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: TSH 565
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSH-565
   - Year of Accession: 1991
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: TSHN 565
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22328
   - Local Name: TSH-565
   - Year of Accession: 2010
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: TSH 565
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: TSH-565
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSH 565
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: TSH 565
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: TSH - 565

 DISEASE

Show Details Hide Details

 Ceratocystis
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Tolerant
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
Resistant
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Susceptible
 Freeman, W.E., No Date
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
Moderately Susceptible, isolate/strain Co1 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Susceptible, isolate/strain Co10 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Susceptible, isolate/strain Co13 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Susceptible, isolate/strain Co14 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Susceptible, isolate/strain Co16 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Moderately Susceptible, isolate/strain Co5 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
Moderately Susceptible, isolate/strain Co8 (Pods (2-3 months old)).
Note: Spray-inoculated in the field.
 Phillips-Mora, W. et al., 2005
 Phytophthora
Susceptible
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Rosellinia
Susceptible
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
 Witches Broom
Tolerant
 Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.), 2000
Resistant
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Tolerant
 Pires, J.L. et al., 1996

 YIELD

Show Details Hide Details

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 90.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: medium - high
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 85.4 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: high
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 86.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low
 Reference

 BEAN

Show Details Hide Details

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Absent
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 40.1
Maximum Number: 51
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.72 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Cotyledon Length: 25.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.6 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.8 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Present
Number: 41.5
Maximum Number: 51
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.93 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.15 g
Cotyledon Length: 25.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.3 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.0 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Present
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 37.9
Maximum Number: 50
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.96 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.17 g
Cotyledon Length: 25.2 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.3 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.4 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 85 %
Colour Light Purple: 11 %
Colour Mottled: 4 %
Shape: flat/round
Length: 24.8 mm
Width: 12.0 mm
Thickness: 8.8 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.59 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.00 g
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 85 %
Colour Light Purple: 11 %
Colour Mottled: 4 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.59 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.00 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.8 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.0 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.8 mm
 Reference

 FRUIT

Show Details Hide Details

 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 10.85 mm (13.6 - 8.1)
Length: 217.0 mm
Breadth: 82.0 mm
Colour: high / moderate anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 628.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 6
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.64
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.61
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse - slightly acute
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 10.2 mm (13.9 - 6.5)
Length: 217.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: high / moderate anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 704.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 3
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.52
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.80
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 10.55 mm (13.3 - 7.8)
Length: 211.0 mm
Breadth: 96.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 621.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 7
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.19
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.70
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: angoleta
Husk Thickness: 11.2 mm
Length: 199.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Colour: yellow and red
Hardness: very soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.47
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: angoleta
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 11.2 mm
Length: 199.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Colour: light red and green
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.51
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: cundeamor
Colour: red
 Reference

 FLUSH

Show Details Hide Details

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: light brown
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: light brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: green
 Reference

 LEAF

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.60
Basal Angle: 119.0 °
Apical Angle: 88.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.60
Basal Angle: 119.0 °
Apical Angle: 88.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

Show Details Hide Details

 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.43 mm
Sepal Length: 8.28 mm
Ligule Length: 7.85 mm
Ligule Width: 2.71 mm
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.06 mm
Ovary Length: 1.31 mm
Style Length: 2.22 mm
Staminode Length: 7.86 mm
Pedicel Colour: pink
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.69 mm
Sepal Length: 9.12 mm
Ligule Length: 7.89 mm
Ligule Width: 2.86 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.08 mm
Ovary Length: 1.53 mm
Style Length: 2.43 mm
Staminode Length: 8.22 mm
Pedicel Colour: pastel red
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.28 mm
Sepal Length: 9.57 mm
Ligule Length: 8.21 mm
Ligule Width: 2.81 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.97 mm
Ovary Length: 1.40 mm
Style Length: 2.53 mm
Staminode Length: 8.32 mm
Pedicel Colour: pink
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.40 mm
Sepal Length: 8.90 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.65
Ligule Length: 2.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.40 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.13
Ribbon Length: 3.80 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.10 mm
Ovary Length: 1.60 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.32
Ovule Number: 57
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 7.60 mm
Pedicel Length: 14.20 mm
Pedicel Colour: intense anthocyanin, intense anthocyanin (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: green
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: green - white
Sepal Width: 2.40 mm
Sepal Length: 8.90 mm
Ligule Length: 2.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.70 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.80 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.10 mm
Ovary Length: 1.60 mm
Ovule Number: 57
Style Colour: yellow (apical), green (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 7.60 mm
Pedicel Length: 14.20 mm
Pedicel Colour: yellow, yellow (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
 Reference

Shripat, C. (1996) The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad.. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.
Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei, Wilson Reis Monteiro, José Luis Pires, Didier Clement, Milton Macoto Yamada & Karina Peres Gramacho (2011) Cacao Breeding in Bahia, Brazil - Strategies and Results. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 11: 73–81
Yamada, Milton Macoto, Fábio Gelape Faleiro, Brena Faria Santos & Mônica Menezes Passinho (2010) RELAÇÃO ENTRE INCOMPATIBILIDADE E VARIABILIDADE GENÉTICA COM BASE EM MARCADORES RAPD EM CLONES DE CACAUEIRO [Relationship between Incompatibility and Genetic Variability Based on RAPD Markers in Cacao Clones]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 22 (1): 11–16
Bartley, B.G.D. (1996) Additional Notes with the translation of Coral's field notes from R. Ucayali, Peru (1987-88) expedition.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications. (See also Coral 1988).
Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O. (1979) The CRIG cocoa germplasm collection with notes on codes used in the breeding programme at Tafo and elsewhere.. Technical Bulletin, No. 10, Cocoa Research Institute, Tafo, Ghana. pp. 62.
Freeman, W.E. (No Date) Cited by C. Gonsalves in Cocoa Research Unit Newsletter, No. 3, 1996.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Mejía, L.A. & Argüello, C.O. (eds.) (2000) Tecnología para el Mejoramiento del Sistema de Producción de Cacao.. Bucaramanga, Colombia: CORPOICA.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Phillips-Mora, W., Castillo, J., Krauss, U., Rodríguez, E. & Wilkinson, M.J. (2005) Evaluation of cacao (Theobroma cacao) clones against seven Colombian isolates of Moniliophthora roreri from four pathogen genetic groups.. Plant Pathology. 54: pp 483–490.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Pires, J.L., Monteiro, W.R., Pinto, L.R.M. & Luz, E.D.M.N. (1996) Resistance to Witches Broom - Evaluation of genotypes from different origins.. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brasil 1996 Cocoa Producers' Alliance (in press).
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.