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TSAN 792    Theobroma cacao

 Shripat, C. (1996)
The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad.. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.

Derivation: Trinidad Selected Amazon Natural pollin..
Collected by Cocoa Board.

Notes:  Included as part of the TSA series in previous versions of the ICGD. Although these Trinidad hybrid groups are similar the TSAN series is now known to be separate to TSA.

Selections from populations produced from open pollinated pods from TSA clones.

Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number. Selections were made from the progenies of SCA 6 x ICS 1, SCA 6 x ICS 95, IMC 67 and POUND 18 [POU].

(see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).
 

Synonyms: TSA 792, TSH 792, TSHN 792

 NOTES

Included as part of the TSA series in previous versions of the ICGD. Although these Trinidad hybrid groups are similar the TSAN series is now known to be separate to TSA. Selections from populations produced from open pollinated pods from TSA clones. Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number. Selections were made from the progenies of SCA 6 x ICS 1, SCA 6 x ICS 95, IMC 67 and POUND 18 [POU]. (see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).

 RECOMMENDED PLANTING MATERIAL    Disclaimer

 Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei et al., 2011
Recommended for planting in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Local Name: 'TSA 792'
Year: 1998-2014
 Reference
 Yamada, Milton Macoto et al., 2010
Recommended for planting in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Local Name: 'TSA 792'
Year: 1990
 Reference

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
TSA 641  x op (x SCA 6? ICS 1?)   Bartley, B.G.D., 1997
 Father to:
HY 271420 /2    Vazquez, F., 1994
HY 271420 /3    Vazquez, F., 1994
HY 271420 /4    Vazquez, F., 1994
HY 271420 /5    Vazquez, F., 1994
HY 271420 /6    Vazquez, F., 1994
HY 271420 /7    Vazquez, F., 1994
HY 271420    Vazquez, F., 1994
HY 271420 /1    Vazquez, F., 1994
TSH 1068    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSH 1069    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSH 1102    Freeman, W.E., No Date

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1031     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: TSAN 792
   - Year of Accession: 2000
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 284
   - Local Name: TSA 792
   - Year of Accession: 1981
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: TSA 792 Quadra 8
   - Local Name: TSA 792
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: TSHN 792
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22327
   - Local Name: TSAN-792
   - Year of Accession: 2014
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSAN - 792
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 200
   - Local Name: TSAN-792

 DISEASE

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 Ceratocystis
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Resistant
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Susceptible
 Freeman, W.E., No Date
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 83.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 2.7 and Internal Severety = 3.8
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Witches Broom
Resistant
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
Tolerant
 Pires, J.L. et al., 1996

 YIELD

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 99.0 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: high - very high
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Absent
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 42.7
Maximum Number: 67
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.57 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.01 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.4 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 7.8 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 92 %
Colour Light Purple: 8 %
Shape: flat
Length: 24.6 mm
Width: 13.7 mm
Thickness: 8.0 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.73 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.12 g
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 92 %
Colour Light Purple: 8 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.73 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.12 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.6 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.7 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.0 mm
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: moderate
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 8.85 mm (11.3 - 6.4)
Length: 178.0 mm
Breadth: 84.0 mm
Colour: slight - moderate / negligible anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Weight: 558.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 8
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.11
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.65
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: angoleta
Husk Thickness: 9.9 mm
Length: 172.0 mm
Colour: yellow and red
Hardness: very soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.13
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: angoleta
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 9.9 mm
Length: 172.0 mm
Breadth: 80.0 mm
Colour: light red and green
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.15
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: red
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1031
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 7.47 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.17 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.66 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 47.36 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.52 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 202.30 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.39 g
Specific Leaf Area: 146.00 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: brownish red
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: green
 Reference

 LEAF

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.41
Basal Angle: 106.0 °
Apical Angle: 79.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.41
Basal Angle: 106.0 °
Apical Angle: 79.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: green
Sepal Width: 2.17 mm
Sepal Length: 6.73 mm
Ligule Length: 6.17 mm
Ligule Width: 2.43 mm
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.10 mm
Ovary Length: 1.25 mm
Style Length: 2.15 mm
Staminode Length: 6.93 mm
Pedicel Colour: pink
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: intense anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 8.20 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.57
Ligule Length: 2.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.20 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.19
Ribbon Length: 3.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ovary Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical), slight anthocyanin (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.20 mm
Ovary Length: 1.80 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.46
Ovule Number: 62
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 7.80 mm
Pedicel Length: 13.40 mm
Pedicel Colour: intense anthocyanin, intense anthocyanin (ab), moderate anthocyanin (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: yellow
Ligule Colour: green
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.60 mm
Sepal Colour: yellow
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 8.20 mm
Ligule Length: 2.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.20 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: green
Ovary Width: 1.20 mm
Ovary Length: 1.80 mm
Ovule Number: 62
Style Colour: yellow (apical), green (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 7.80 mm
Pedicel Length: 13.40 mm
Pedicel Colour: yellow, yellow (ab), green - white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: present
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Shripat, C. (1996) The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad.. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.
Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei, Wilson Reis Monteiro, José Luis Pires, Didier Clement, Milton Macoto Yamada & Karina Peres Gramacho (2011) Cacao Breeding in Bahia, Brazil - Strategies and Results. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 11: 73–81
Yamada, Milton Macoto, Fábio Gelape Faleiro, Brena Faria Santos & Mônica Menezes Passinho (2010) RELAÇÃO ENTRE INCOMPATIBILIDADE E VARIABILIDADE GENÉTICA COM BASE EM MARCADORES RAPD EM CLONES DE CACAUEIRO [Relationship between Incompatibility and Genetic Variability Based on RAPD Markers in Cacao Clones]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 22 (1): 11–16
Bartley, B.G.D. (1997) List of Trinidad Cocoa Board/Ministry of Agriculture selections with their known pedigrees.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
Vazquez, F. (1994) A note on the HY codes used at USDA Mayaguez.. F. Vazquez, USDA TARS, Mayaguez, USA. Personal Communication.
Freeman, W.E. (No Date) Cited by C. Gonsalves in Cocoa Research Unit Newsletter, No. 3, 1996.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Phytophthora palmivora using the Paper Disc method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Pires, J.L., Monteiro, W.R., Pinto, L.R.M. & Luz, E.D.M.N. (1996) Resistance to Witches Broom - Evaluation of genotypes from different origins.. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brasil 1996 Cocoa Producers' Alliance (in press).
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.