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TSA 644    Theobroma cacao

 Shripat, C. (1996)
The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad.. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.

Derivation: Trinidad Selected Amazons.
Collected by Cocoa Board.

Notes:  Selections from populations of Amazons.

Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number.

(see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).
 

Synonyms: TSA 664, TSH 644, TSHA 644

 NOTES

Selections from populations of Amazons. Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number. (see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).

Identified as an off-type (using SSR markers) in the IDIAF collection, Dominican Republic [TSA-644]   IDIAF, 2011

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
SCA 6  x IMC 67    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
SCA 6  x IMC 67    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
 Mother to:
CEPEC 35    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 36    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 37    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 38    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 40    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 41    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 42    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 44    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 48    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 74    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 75    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 76    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 77    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 78    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 79    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 84    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 85    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 42    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
TSA 1072    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSH 946    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 986    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
 Father to:
CEPEC 39    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 82    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 83    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 280
   - Local Name: TSA 644
   - Year of Accession: 1979
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: TSA 644
   - Year of Accession: 1979
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSA-644
• Local Name: TSA-664
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: TSA 644
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10527
   - Local Name: TSH-644
   - Year of Accession: 1960
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: TSH 644
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: TSA-644 (Incorrecto)
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSH - 644

 DISEASE

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 Ceratocystis
Cross: COMUM TIPICO  x TSA 644
Intermediate (Seedling).
Note: Origin of material: Ceplac/Cepec, Ilhéus
 Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
Resistant
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Susceptible
 Freeman, W.E., No Date
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 5.0 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1997
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 5.0 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Moderately Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997
 Witches Broom
Resistant
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977

 YIELD

 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 90.0 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: medium
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: medium
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Absent
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 32.7
Maximum Number: 57
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.70 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.11 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.5 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.4 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.4 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 99 %
Colour Light Purple: 1 %
Shape: flat
Length: 22.2 mm
Width: 11.9 mm
Thickness: 8.1 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.40 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.95 g
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 99 %
Colour Light Purple: 1 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.40 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.95 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.2 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.1 mm
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: medium
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 9.8 mm (12.7 - 6.9)
Length: 175.0 mm
Breadth: 81.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 476.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 5
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.16
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.74
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: angoleta
Husk Thickness: 13.9 mm
Length: 198.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.39
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: angoleta
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 13.9 mm
Length: 198.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.30
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: angoleta
Colour: green
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: brownish orange
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: green
 Reference

 LEAF

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.06
Basal Angle: 128.0 °
Apical Angle: 86.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.06
Basal Angle: 128.0 °
Apical Angle: 86.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 7.64 mm
Ligule Length: 6.56 mm
Ligule Width: 2.65 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.38 mm
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Length: 6.65 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish white
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.70 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 7.50 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.23
Ligule Length: 2.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.60 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.02
Ribbon Length: 3.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.20 mm
Ovary Length: 1.70 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.37
Ovule Number: 60
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.80 mm
Pedicel Length: 14.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: slight anthocyani, intense anthocyanin (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: green
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: negligible anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.70 mm
Sepal Colour: green
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 7.50 mm
Ligule Length: 2.70 mm
Ligule Width: 2.60 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.00 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.20 mm
Ovary Length: 1.70 mm
Ovule Number: 60
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.80 mm
Pedicel Length: 14.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: green, yellow (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
 Reference

Shripat, C. (1996) The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad.. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O. (1979) The CRIG cocoa germplasm collection with notes on codes used in the breeding programme at Tafo and elsewhere.. Technical Bulletin, No. 10, Cocoa Research Institute, Tafo, Ghana. pp. 62.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Stela Dalva V. M. Silva, Augusto Roberto S. Gomes, Edmundo P. Mandarino, Lindolfo P. dos S. Filho & Virgínia O. Damaceno (2006) Indicações de Resistência à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis em Genótipos de Cacaueiros no Sul da Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Freeman, W.E. (No Date) Cited by C. Gonsalves in Cocoa Research Unit Newsletter, No. 3, 1996.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1996) Additional Notes with the translation of Coral's field notes from R. Ucayali, Peru (1987-88) expedition.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications. (See also Coral 1988).
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Phytophthora palmivora using the Paper Disc method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad.. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.