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TAP 3 [CHA]    Theobroma cacao

 Chalmers, W.S. (1973)
Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973.. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.

Derivation: river TAPiche.
Collected by Chalmers (INIAP/UWI).
Location: R. Tapiche, PER.

(Chalmers, 1973 [CHA73A]) TAP 4 to TAP 15 were collected by children and there is no guarantee that they were collected from different trees. The Tapiche pods had five pairs of pronouced ridges, were very rugose with a very short constricted nipple-like point. The pod wall was generally fairly soft. The seeds were smallish and purple. Three of the trees had no Witches' broom.

Notes:  Chalmers, 1973 [CHA73A] Collections made in 1973.
 

Synonyms: TAPICHE 3 [CHA]

 NOTES

Chalmers, 1973 [CHA73A] Collections made in 1973.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: R. Tapiche, Loreto, Peru (pasture)
Date: March 1973
Coordinates: 73.50 W, 5.00 S
Material collected: Budwood
Notes: Requena (Amoco Concession) Bella Esperanza 100m S of house
Expedition Code: 73CH
   Chalmers, W.S., 1973

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
INIAP T 560    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel et al., 2017
INIAP T 573    Freddy Amores et al., 2009
INIAP T 641    Freddy Amores et al., 2009
INIAP T 26    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 87    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 233    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 481    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 509    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 543    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 560    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 573    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 641    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 644    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
SHRS-36    Daymond, Andrew, 2021
SHRS-37    Daymond, Andrew, 2021
 Father to:
INIAP T 405    Freddy Amores et al., 2009
INIAP T 185    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 256    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 332    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 364    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 378    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 405    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
SHRS-24    Daymond, Andrew, 2021

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Contamana' Population
 Reference

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774332   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629492
BioSample: SAMN09934565
SampleSource: Ecuador

 HELD IN

List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TAP - 3

 BEAN

 Chalmers, W.S., 1970
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Note: expedition data
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Chalmers, W.S., 1970
Rugosity: intense
Note: expedition data
 Reference

Chalmers, W.S. (1973) Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973.. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.
Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, Ignacio A Sotomayor-Cantos, T Casanova, G Rodríguez, L Plaza & Zambrano (2017) Selection of Cocoa Genotypes (Theobroma Cacao L) Resistant to Witches’ Broom Disease (Moniliophthora Perniciosa) in Los Ríos, Ecuador. Ciencia y Tecnología, 10: 17–26
Freddy Amores, Geover Peña, Darío Calderón, Juan Agama, Carmen Suarez, Juan Motamayor, Raymond Schnell, James Quiroz, Gastón Loor & Omar Tarqui (2009) Research to Identify and Develop High Yielding Fine and Flavour Cocoa Clones in Ecuador. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel (2010) EVALUACIÓN DE CLONES DE CACAO (Theobroma Cacao L.) PROVENIENTES DE PLÁNTULAS HÍBRIDAS SELECCIONADAS POR RESISTENCIA A LA ENFERMEDAD ESCOBA DE BRUJA (Moniliopththora Perniciosa). Universidad Tecnica Estatal de Quevedo, Ecuador
Daymond, Andrew (2021) Notes on SHRS clones in ICQC,R. Pers. Com.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Chalmers, W.S. (1970) Data accumulated from Chalmers' Collection reports from expeditions to Ecuador between 1968-1973.. Series of 7 unpublished Reports. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies. See other reference entries for details.