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BE 5    Theobroma cacao

 Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G. (1965)
Expedicao botanica a Amazonica brasileira.. Cacau Atualidades (Brasil) 2: pp. 47-51.

Derivation: BElem.
Collected by CEPLAC.
Location: Pará, Belem, BRA.

Soria, 1970a [SOR70A]. Fruit - similar to Comun type, amelonado to elongate shaped pods, generally smooth, white/green, slight-intermediate bottleneck. Seeds - small, purple.

Notes:  Vello & Mederios, 1965 [VELL65A] Brazilian International Expedition, 1965. The BE material was collected to represent a variety of fruit types.
 

Synonyms: BELEM 5

 NOTES

Vello & Mederios, 1965 [VELL65A] Brazilian International Expedition, 1965. The BE material was collected to represent a variety of fruit types.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: R. Guama, Para, Brazil (secondary/cleared forest)
Date: 18 June 1965
Coordinates: 48.00 W, 1.30 S
Material collected: Budwood
Notes: Furo Grande
Expedition Code: 65BR
   Soria, V.J., 1965
   Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G., 1966
   Soria, V.J., 1970
   Almeida, C.M.V.C. de et al., 1995
   Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G., 1965

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
CEPEC 1007    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
 Father to:
CEPEC 1007    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Amelonado' Population
Subgroup: 'Amelonado Type II'   Reference

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1719     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: BE 5
   - Year of Accession: 2013
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 114
   - Local Name: BE 5
   - Year of Accession: 1979
• Accession: 114
   - Local Name: BE 5
   - Year of Accession: 1981
List received in 1987   Reference
• Accession: 73
   - Local Name: BE 5
   - Year of Accession: 1966
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 19417
   - Local Name: BE-5
   - Year of Accession: 1993

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.1 and Internal Severety = 4.7
 Phillips, W., 1996
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.1 and Internal Severety = 4.7
 Phillips, W., 1997
 Phytophthora
Susceptible, isolate/strain CA (Pod).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. et al., 1995
Susceptible, isolate/strain CI (Pod).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. et al., 1995
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. et al., 1995
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997
 Witches Broom
Occasional (Expedition data).
 Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G., 1966

 YIELD

 Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G., 1966
Productivity: high
Note: expedition data
 Reference

 BEAN

 Castro, G.C.T. de et al., 1989
Number: 40.0
 Reference
 Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G., 1966
Colour: purple
Size: medium
Note: expedition data
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green
 Reference
 Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G., 1966
Shape: amelonado
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: thick
Size: large
Colour: green
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Castro, G.C.T. de et al., 1989
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.07 mm
Sepal Length: 8.32 mm
Sepal Orientation: horizontal
Ligule Length: 7.04 mm
Ligule Width: 2.19 mm
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ovary Width: 1.16 mm
Ovary Length: 1.59 mm
Ovule Number: 50
Style Length: 2.12 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.14 mm
Pedicel Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference
 Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G., 1966
Ligule Colour: yellow
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Shape: long
Ligule Shape: rhomboid
Note: expedition data
 Reference

Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G. (1965) Expedicao botanica a Amazonica brasileira.. Cacau Atualidades (Brasil) 2: pp. 47-51.
Soria, V.J. (1965) Notes on the cocoas collected by the Brazilian-International expedition to some areas of the Brazilian Amazon Basin.. Cacao (Costa Rica) 10: pp. 10-13.
Vello, F. & Medeiros, A.G. (1966) Expedicao botanica a Amazonia Brasileira.. Communicado ao Pessoal Technico No. 20. Co-ordenacao Technica. CEPLAC/CEPEC, Brazil, pp. 13.
Soria, V.J. (1970) The latest cocoa expeditions to the Amazon Basin.. Cacao (Costa Rica) 15: pp. 5-15.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Machado, P.F.R., de, Barriga, J.P. & Silva, F.C.O. da. (1995) Coleta da cacau (Theobroma cacao) da amazonia brasileira: uma abordagem historica e analitica.. CEPLAC, SRAO, Porto Velho, RO., Brasil. pp. 92.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Luz, E.D.M.N., Silva, S.D.V.M., Yamada, M.M., Lopes, U.V., Braga, M.C.T. & Brugnerotto, M.I.B. (1995) Cacao cultivars selected for resistance to Phytophthora capsici, P. palmivora and P. citrophthora in Bahia, Brazil.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 97-98.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Phytophthora palmivora using the Paper Disc method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Castro, G.C.T. de, Pereira, T.N.S., Carletto, G.A. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1989) Caracterizacao dos recursos geneticos do cacaueiro. III. Flor das selecoes CEPEC,EEG, BE, MA, RB, CA e CAS.. Agrotrópica 1: pp. 27-33.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.