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SILECIA 1 [ECU]    Theobroma cacao

 Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von (1950)
Report of a trip to the Napo river.. Typed Report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. 1950. pp. 15.

Derivation: SILECIA farm.
Collected by Desrosiers/Doak.
Location: Silecia farm, Archidona, ECU.

Notes:  Pound, 1943b [POU43B] Progeny from selected trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease.

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] Pound used letters and numbers as identifiers. SLA, SLB and SLC could all be the same series of material.
 

Synonyms: EET 332 [ECU], ETS 332 [ECU]

 NOTES

Pound, 1943b [POU43B] Progeny from selected trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] Pound used letters and numbers as identifiers. SLA, SLB and SLC could all be the same series of material.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: R. Napo, Napo, Ecuador (cultivated land)
Date: 13 December 1949
Coordinates: 77.45 W, 0.55 S
Material collected: Budwood
Altitude: 841 m
Notes: Archidona, Silecia farm
Expedition Code: 49EQ
   Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von, 1961
   Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von, 1950
   Soria, V.J., 1970

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
EET 392 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 399 [ECU]    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 400 [ECU]    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EQX 46 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
 Father to:
EET 412 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 414 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 417 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 418 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 419 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 421 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 422 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 425 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 428 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 431 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 437 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 443 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 448 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 449 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 450 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 451 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 453 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 455 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 456 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 459 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 460 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 461 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 463 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 464 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 466 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 467 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 469 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 470 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 476 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 477 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 478 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 486 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 491 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EQX 106 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 109 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 18 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 19 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 6 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Curaray' Population
Subgroup: 'Curaray R - Napo R'   Reference

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SILECIA-1
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: EET 332 [ECU]
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: SILECIA 1 [ECU]

 DISEASE

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 Witches Broom
Resistant
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977

 BEAN

 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 2.80 g
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: amelonado
Length: 156.0 mm
Breadth: 87.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.81
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: amelonado
Rugosity: intense
Colour: yellow
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: anthocyanin absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: white
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: white
 Reference

 LEAF

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 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.04
Basal Angle: 106.0 °
Apical Angle: 88.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.04
Basal Angle: 106.0 °
Apical Angle: 88.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.04
Basal Angle: 106.0 °
Apical Angle: 88.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.40 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 7.70 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.53
Ligule Length: 2.90 mm
Ligule Width: 1.90 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.48
Ribbon Length: 2.20 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.30 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.22
Ovule Number: 40
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.70 mm
Pedicel Length: 12.80 mm
Pedicel Colour: anthocyanin absent, anthocyanin absent (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: white
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.40 mm
Sepal Colour: white
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 7.70 mm
Ligule Length: 2.90 mm
Ligule Width: 1.90 mm
Ribbon Length: 2.20 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.30 mm
Ovule Number: 40
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.70 mm
Pedicel Length: 12.80 mm
Pedicel Colour: white, white (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: white
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.40 mm
Sepal Colour: white
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 7.70 mm
Ligule Length: 2.90 mm
Ligule Width: 1.90 mm
Ribbon Length: 2.20 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.30 mm
Ovule Number: 40
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.70 mm
Pedicel Length: 12.80 mm
Pedicel Colour: white, white (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
 Reference

Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von (1950) Report of a trip to the Napo river.. Typed Report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. 1950. pp. 15.
Desrosiers, R. & Buchwald, A. von (1961) Report of a trip to the Napo river.. Unpublished report dated 7 July 1961, E.E.T, Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 11.
Soria, V.J. (1970) The latest cocoa expeditions to the Amazon Basin.. Cacao (Costa Rica) 15: pp. 5-15.
Ecuador - Pichilingue (1987) Nomina de clones y numero de plantas existentes en la coleccion internacional de germoplasma de cacao, EET, Pichilingue.. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 18.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Trinidad - ICTA (EQX) (No Date) List of the parentage of EQX accessions.. Untitled manuscript, Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp.1.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela.. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.