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SIC 19    Theobroma cacao

 Vello, F., Garcia, J.R. & Magalhaes, W.S. (1974)
Producao e selecao de cacaueiros hibridos na Bahia.. Proceedings of the 4th International Cocoa Conference, 1972, St. Augustine, Trinidad. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad. pp. 38-56.

Derivation: Selecao Instituto do Cacau.
Location: Bahia, BRA.

Habit - prolific and vigorous. Fruit - thin husks. Seeds -small.

Notes:  Vello et al., 1974a [VEL74A]. Clones with numbers less than 100 are from selections made from the area around the Experimental Station at Urucuca. Clones with numbers between 100 and 800 are the progeny from these clones and clones with numbers greater than 800 are selections from a CATONGO population at the same experimental station.

Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Types include Para, Comum, Catongo and Maranhao. Possibly originally from Brazilian-Venezuelan border.

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The clones in this series are constituted in the following way. Numbers 1-28 are selections made on the farm which was later developed into the Urucuca research station. Numbers 28-800 are open pollinated seedlings of the previous selections. They are random selections made without any discrimination. The rows of progeny were consecutively numbered in order of planting but unfortunately no records were kept of the original planting or of the parentage of each progeny. Numbers above 800 are seedling progenies of CATONGO. All basic characters of these plants should be the same so all of these must have white seeds if they are correctly identified.
 

 NOTES

Vello et al., 1974a [VEL74A]. Clones with numbers less than 100 are from selections made from the area around the Experimental Station at Urucuca. Clones with numbers between 100 and 800 are the progeny from these clones and clones with numbers greater than 800 are selections from a CATONGO population at the same experimental station. Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Types include Para, Comum, Catongo and Maranhao. Possibly originally from Brazilian-Venezuelan border. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The clones in this series are constituted in the following way. Numbers 1-28 are selections made on the farm which was later developed into the Urucuca research station. Numbers 28-800 are open pollinated seedlings of the previous selections. They are random selections made without any discrimination. The rows of progeny were consecutively numbered in order of planting but unfortunately no records were kept of the original planting or of the parentage of each progeny. Numbers above 800 are seedling progenies of CATONGO. All basic characters of these plants should be the same so all of these must have white seeds if they are correctly identified.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: Urucuca, Bahia, Brazil
Coordinates: 39.00 W, 15.00 S
   Marita, J. M. et al., 2001

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
CEPEC 32    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 39    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 81    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 82    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 83    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
 Father to:
CEPEC 26    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 40    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 41    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 42    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 44    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 84    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 85    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 42    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
FB 21    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
VB 1151    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
VB 1151    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
VB 1139    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Amelonado' Population
Subgroup: 'Amelonado Type II'   Reference

 HELD IN

List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 6
   - Local Name: SIC 19
   - Year of Accession: 1980
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: SIC 19
   - Year of Accession: 1979

 DISEASE

 Ceratocystis
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003

 BEAN

 Castro, G.C.T. de & Bartley, B.G.D., 1983
Number: 45.0
Length: 22.9 mm
Width: 10.9 mm
Thickness: 7.0 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.34 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.84 g
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Castro, G.C.T. de & Bartley, B.G.D., 1983
Husk Thickness: 7.15 mm (8.1 - 6.2)
Length: 138.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Weight: 433.0 g
Husk Weight: 315.00 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.74
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: smooth
 Reference

 LEAF

 Castro, G.C.T. de & Bartley, B.G.D., 1983
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 149 mm
Length: 310.0 mm
Width: 114.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.71
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Castro, G.C.T. de & Bartley, B.G.D., 1983
Sepal Width: 2.48 mm
Sepal Length: 9.88 mm
Ligule Length: 8.99 mm
Ligule Width: 2.62 mm
Ovary Width: 1.47 mm
Ovary Length: 2.00 mm
Ovule Number: 50
Style Length: 2.17 mm
Staminode Length: 8.40 mm
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

Vello, F., Garcia, J.R. & Magalhaes, W.S. (1974) Producao e selecao de cacaueiros hibridos na Bahia.. Proceedings of the 4th International Cocoa Conference, 1972, St. Augustine, Trinidad. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad. pp. 38-56.
Marita, J. M., Nienhuis, J., Pires, J. L. & Aitken, W. M. (2001) Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Theobroma cacao with Emphasis on Witches’ Broom Disease Resistance.. Crop Sci. 41:1305–1316.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Stela Dalva V. M. Silva, Augusto Roberto S. Gomes, Edmundo P. Mandarino, Lindolfo P. dos S. Filho & Virgínia O. Damaceno (2006) Indicações de Resistência à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis em Genótipos de Cacaueiros no Sul da Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Castro, G.C.T. de & Bartley, B.G.D. (1983) Caracterizacao dos recursos geneticos do cacaueiro. I. Folha, fruto e semente de selecoes da Bahia das series SIC e SIAL.. Revista Theobroma 13: pp. 263-273.