Search Results

SCA 6    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1938)
Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.

Collected by Pound.
Location: Rio Ucayali, PER.

Notes:  Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 22 plants were planted at Marper farm.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. Fausto Coral said that SCA stands for Sabino Contamana. Bartley considers that it is likely that the material comes from the town known to Pound as Contamana (on the R. Ucayali) since these progenies are very similar to P 31 [POU] from this area. Miguel Aspiazu (who accompanied Pound in Ecuador) said SCA came from Sabino and this may have been misinterpreted as SCAVINA.

UK - CABI Bioscience, 1998 [CAB98A] During surveys of Theobroma and Herrania spp. along the Amazon and Ucayali rivers (Pucallpa-Iquitos) in Octobet 1998, the local guide provided some detailed information on the history of the region. It seems the origin of the Scavinas is near to Iquitos around the Nanay river, from a Hacienda owned by the ESCAVINO family. The farm goes back to the pre-1930's but most of it has now been destroyed as the river Nanay has changed its course. This story, and the corruption of the name, was confirmed by a respected Peruvian agronomist, Reynaldo Crespo, who worked in the region 40 years ago.
 

Synonyms: G VI 49, EET 11 [IMP], G VI 126, SCA 6 /D-644, EET IMP 11, SCAVINA 6

 NOTES

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 22 plants were planted at Marper farm. Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. Fausto Coral said that SCA stands for Sabino Contamana. Bartley considers that it is likely that the material comes from the town known to Pound as Contamana (on the R. Ucayali) since these progenies are very similar to P 31 [POU] from this area. Miguel Aspiazu (who accompanied Pound in Ecuador) said SCA came from Sabino and this may have been misinterpreted as SCAVINA. UK - CABI Bioscience, 1998 [CAB98A] During surveys of Theobroma and Herrania spp. along the Amazon and Ucayali rivers (Pucallpa-Iquitos) in Octobet 1998, the local guide provided some detailed information on the history of the region. It seems the origin of the Scavinas is near to Iquitos around the Nanay river, from a Hacienda owned by the ESCAVINO family. The farm goes back to the pre-1930's but most of it has now been destroyed as the river Nanay has changed its course. This story, and the corruption of the name, was confirmed by a respected Peruvian agronomist, Reynaldo Crespo, who worked in the region 40 years ago.

Hybrid seed from crosses involving SCA 6 with other parents was disseminated to farmers in distinct cocoa growing zones in Ecuador, particularly in the sixties and early seventies. Later on, farmers selected pods from some of these trees and used seeds to grow more cacao in their fields; segregation produced some trees where pods show the color that is typical of SCA 6, but pod morphology is not. This is a common occurrence in the field and so many plants that may be identified as SCA 6 are in fact hybrids.   Freddy Amores, 2015

VSD resistance   ICCRI, 2013

Also recommended as a somatic embryo derived plant   ICCRI, 2013

 RECOMMENDED PLANTING MATERIAL    Disclaimer

 ICCRI, 2013
Recommended for planting in:
Indonesia
Recommended by: Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute (ICCRI), Indonesia
Year: 2009 (Current)
 Reference    View Associated Data
 ICCRI, 2013
Recommended for planting in:
Indonesia
Recommended by: Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute (ICCRI), Indonesia
Status: current
 Reference    View Associated Data

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: Loreto, Peru
Coordinates: 73.00 W, 3.40 S
   Marita, J. M. et al., 2001

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
AHK 20    Bartley, B.G.D., 1998
AHK 21    Bartley, B.G.D., 1998
AHK 22    Bartley, B.G.D., 1998
AHT 12    Bartley, B.G.D., 1998
AX 123    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 207    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 208    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 209    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 210    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 211    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 212    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 213    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 214    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 215    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 235    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 250    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 255    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 256    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 257    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 258    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 259    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 26    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 260    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 264    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 27    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 543    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
AX 60    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 61    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 7    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 85    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
CC 224    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 225    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 226    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 231    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 232    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 234    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 236    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 240    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 244    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 372 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 373 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 452 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 454 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 468 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 469 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 486 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EQX 101 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 102 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 103 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 19 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 20 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 79 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 80 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 81 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 82 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
IFC 1254 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1257 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1259 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1264 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1267 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1271 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1275 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1278 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1280 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1283 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1297 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1300 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1301 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1302 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1303 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1304 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1305 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1306 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1307 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1321 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1324 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1334 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
KKM 19    Lee, M.T. et al., 1993
MX 14 [TTO]    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
TARS 14    USDA, 2010
TARS 15    USDA, 2010
TARS 30    USDA, 2010
TARS 31    USDA, 2010
Theobahia    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
TSA 620    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSA 624    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSA 633    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSA 641    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
TSA 644    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
TSA 644    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
TSA 645    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSA 648    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSA 651    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSA 654    Trinidad - Las Hermanas, No Date
TSA 654    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
TSA 656    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
TSA 662    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSA 672    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSA 673    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 513    Trinidad - Las Hermanas, No Date
TSH 516    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
TSH 517    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 523    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 538    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 539    Trinidad - Las Hermanas, No Date
TSH 564    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
TSH 565    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
TSH 565    Bartley, B.G.D., 1996
 Father to:
AX 223    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 251    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 437    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 73    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
C 32 [TRI]    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
C 34 [TRI]    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
CC 235    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
CC 241    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
D 11 [VEN]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
D 15 [VEN]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
D 4 [VEN]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
D 5 [VEN]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
DE 2    Bartley, B.G.D., 1997
DE 64    Bartley, B.G.D., 1997
DIAMANTES 800    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 374 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 376 [ECU]    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 377 [ECU]    Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
EET 378 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 379 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 392 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 393 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 394 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 413 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 415 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 416 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 434 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 458 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 465 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 482 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 483 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
EET 484 [ECU]    Ecuador - Pichilingue, 1987
FP 8    Lee, M.T. et al., 1993
GEBP 15 /A-F [ADI]    Frances Bekele, 2019
GEBP 211 /A-F [ADI]    Frances Bekele, 2019
GEBP 426 /A-F [ADI]    Frances Bekele, 2019
GEBP 428 /A-F [ADI]    Frances Bekele, 2019
GEBP 463 /A-F [ADI]    Frances Bekele, 2019
ICS 113    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 114    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 115    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 116    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 117    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 118    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 119    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 120    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 121    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 122    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 123    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 124    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 125    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 126    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 127    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 128    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 129    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 130    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 131    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 132    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 133    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 134    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
ICS 135    Trinidad - ICTA, 1969
KHA 103    Bartley, B.G.D., 1998
M 1 [VEN]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
M 2 [VEN]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
MX 20 [TTO]    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
MX 43 [TTO]    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
MX 58 [TTO]    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
MX 61 [TTO]    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
MX 69 [TTO]    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
MX 78 [TTO]    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
O 14 [VE2]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
P 8 [VEN]    Reyes, H.E. et al., 1973
PBC 121    Chong, C.F. & Shepherd, R., 1986
Theobahia    Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
THY 11    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 12    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 14    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 22    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 23    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 25    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 33    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 35    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979
THY 7    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Contamana' Population
Subgroup: 'Scavina'   Reference

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774196   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629628
BioSample: SAMN09934538
SampleSource: gDNA Miami, Tree_ID: Tc16548
Run: SRR7774334   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629490
BioSample: SAMN09934563
SampleSource: Ecuador

 HELD IN

Show Details Hide Details

Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 234     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1989
• Accession: RUQ 234B     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1989
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 206
   - Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1979
List received in 1987   Reference
• Accession: 138
   - Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1966
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: SCA 6 CPSVHC
   - Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SCA-6
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 1985   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10463
   - Local Name: SCA-6
   - Year of Accession: 1958
List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET - 11
• Local Name: SCA-6 - D-644
   - Year of Accession: 1965
• Cross: SCA 6 x ICS 6 
   - Local Name: SCA - 6 x ISC - 6
• Cross: AX 122 /17  x SCA 6
   - Local Name: AX - 122 / 17 x SCA - 6
• Cross: AX 122 /18  x SCA 6
   - Local Name: AX - 122 / 18 x SCA - 6
• Cross: AX 122 /2  x SCA 6
   - Local Name: AX - 122 / 2 x SCA - 6
• Cross: AX 122 /207  x SCA 6
   - Local Name: AX - 122 / 207 x SCA -6
• Cross: AX 122 /28  x SCA 6
   - Local Name: AX - 122 / 28 x SCA - 6
• Cross: AX 122 /59  x SCA 6
   - Local Name: AX - 122 / 59 x SCA - 6
• Cross: AX 122 /61  x SCA 6
   - Local Name: AX - 122 / 61 x SCA - 6
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1968
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SCAVINA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SCA6
   - Year of Accession: 1998
• Local Name: SCA6
   - Year of Accession: 1968
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1958
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 63
   - Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: G VI 126
• Local Name: G VI 49
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00268
   - Local Name: SCA6
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 1971   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 1995   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1984
List received in 1999   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: SCA - 6
List received in 1971   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 1971   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: Sca6
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1938
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 668502     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: SCA 6
• Accession: TARS 16816     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 1987
• Accession: PI 668494     GRIN-Global 
   - Cross: SCA 6 x ICS 6 
   - Local Name: SCA 6 x ICS 6
   - Year of Accession: 2008
• Accession: PI 668495     GRIN-Global 
   - Cross: SCA 6 x ICS 8 
   - Local Name: SCA 6 x ICS 8
   - Year of Accession: 2008
• Accession: PI 668501     GRIN-Global 
   - Cross: SCA 6 x CSSU 30 
   - Local Name: SCA 6 x CSSU #30
   - Year of Accession: 2011
List received in 2010   Reference
• Accession: MIA 36180 - 01     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 2004
• Accession: MIA 36180 - 02     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: SCA 6
   - Year of Accession: 2004
• Accession: MIA 36201     GRIN-Global 
   - Cross: SCA 6 x ICS 6 
   - Local Name: SCA 6 X ICS 6
   - Year of Accession: 2001
• Accession: MIA 36202     GRIN-Global 
   - Cross: SCA 6 x ICS 8 
   - Local Name: SCA 6 X ICS 8
   - Year of Accession: 2001
List received in 1971   Reference
• Local Name: SCA 6

 DISEASE

Show Details Hide Details

 Ceratocystis
Cross: CP 14 [BRA]  x SCA 6
Intermediate (Seedling).
Note: Origin of material: Ceplac/Cepec, Ilhéus
 Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
Moderately Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium development.
 Ricardo A. Delgado & Carmen Suárez Capello, 2003
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on perithecium development.
 Ricardo A. Delgado & Carmen Suárez Capello, 2003
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Intermediate
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Intermediate
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Resistant
 Iton, E.F., 1959
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
Susceptible
 Freeman, W.E., No Date
 Frosty Pod Rot
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
20.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x SCA 6
25.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
26.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
28.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
47.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
49.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
72.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
75.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
77.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
77.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 9 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
84.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Moderately Susceptible (Pod).
Note: Artificial innoculation..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Susceptible, 87.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 3.7 and Internal Severety = 4.6
 Phillips, W., 1997
Susceptible, 87.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 3.7 and Internal Severety = 4.6
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Resistant
 ICCRI, 2013
18.18 % Infection (Pod).
Note: percentage of infected pods. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = AB
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
0.10 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 3 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
2.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Intermediate, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf (abaxial surface)).
Note: Interflush 2, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf (adaxial surface)).
Note: Interflush 2, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Moderate Resistance, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Moderate Resistance, 0.70 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderate Resistance, 75.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Blaha, G. & Lotode, R., 1976
Moderately Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1993
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D., 1998
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Shripat, C., 1995
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1980
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf).
Note: Interflush 2, Unattached and punch inoculated
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and not wounded
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Unattached and 3mm stab inoculated
 Iwaro, D. et al., 1997
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf).
 Kebe, 1999
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Fully grown, unripe detached pods (4-5 months old)
 A.D. Iwaro & D. R. Butler, 2003
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Score: 1 (1-8 Scale). Fully grown, unripe detached pods (4-5 months old).
 A.D. Iwaro et al., 2006
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Paper disk method.. Described as Highly Resistant
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Resistant, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe and not wounded
 Lopez-Baez, O. et al., 1996
Resistant, 2.60 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly resistant. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x SCA 6
Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Susceptible, 0.70 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Susceptible, 0.80 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
Tolerant, 40.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded (Note: Resistant to epidermal and epicarp penetration.)
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978
 Vascular Streak Dieback
Resistant
 ICCRI, 2013
15.29 % Infection
Note: 17 plants sampled..
 Subali, S., 1992
Tolerant
 Phua, P.K. et al., 1990
Tolerant
 Bong, C.L. & Phua, P.K., 1989
 Witches Broom
Intermediate
 Fonseca, S.E.A & Albuquerque, P.S.B. de, 1996
Intermediate
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Resistant (Seedling).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1998
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977

 PESTS

Show Details Hide Details

 Mirids
Moderate Damage
Note: Trial G8. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = AB
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Moderate Damage
 N'Goran, J.A.K. et al., 1993
 Red Squirrel
Very Susceptible (Sciurus granatensis)
 Warren, J. & Emamdie, D., 1993

 YIELD

Show Details Hide Details

 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Seed Index: 181.8 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 52.3 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Pod Index: 47.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 167 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Pod Index: 26.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2195 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 19
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Pod Index: 32.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 943 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Pod Index: 36.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1157 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Pod Index: 20.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1750 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 32
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Pod Index: 41.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Note: tree number 4
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x SCA 6
Pod Index: 23.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 949 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Pod Index: 21.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2366 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 22
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 153.8 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 43.8 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Pod Index: 43.6 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 133.3 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: very low - low
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Pod Index: 35.2 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 ICCRI, 2013
Yield: 1540 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Denna Eriani Munandar et al., 2009
Yield: 1900 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Yield: 155 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: 3 year mean
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Pod Index: 47.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 117 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Yield: 1076 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference

 BEAN

Show Details Hide Details

 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Number: 34.6
Dry Weight: 0.55 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Number: 37.0
Dry Weight: 0.58 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 19
Number: 33.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Note: tree number 19
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Acc: tree number 27
Number: 35.0
Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Acc: tree number 28
Number: 32.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 7.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 0.90 g
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Acc: tree number 32
Number: 38.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 13.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.40 g
Note: tree number 32
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Acc: tree number 4
Number: 29.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 0.90 g
Note: tree number 4
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x SCA 6
Acc: tree number 20
Number: 38.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 22
Number: 38.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 22
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 35.1
Total Dry Weight: 22.9 g
Dry Weight: 0.65 g
Note: 24 plants sampled
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Size: small
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Colour: purple
Shape: oblong
Number: 45.0
Total Wet Weight: 34.5 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.51 g
Cotyledon Length: 17.5 mm
Cotyledon Width: 8.8 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Absent
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 40.3
Maximum Number: 56
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.19 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.75 g
Cotyledon Length: 20.2 mm
Cotyledon Width: 10.2 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 7.9 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 71 %
Colour Light Purple: 29 %
Shape: round
Length: 19.7 mm
Width: 10.2 mm
Thickness: 7.5 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.00 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.62 g
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Colour: purple
Shape: oblong
Number: 45.0
Total Dry Weight: 39.1 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.63 g
Cotyledon Length: 18.8 mm
Cotyledon Width: 9.8 mm
 Reference
 ICCRI, 2013
Dry Weight: 0.73 g
Note: Dry weight, 0.65 - 0.8 g
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Colour: dark purple
Shape: round
Size: small
Number: 49.0
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 71 %
Colour Light Purple: 29 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.00 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.62 g
Cotyledon Length: 19.7 mm
Cotyledon Width: 10.2 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 7.5 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

Show Details Hide Details

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Butterfat Content: 54.00 %
Note: tree number 32
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Butterfat Content: 57.00 %
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Butterfat Content: 53.00 %
Note: tree number 19
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
Note: tree number 22
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 55.30 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 57.43 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 52.63 %
Note: 8 plants sampled
 Reference
 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 53.38 %
Testa: 7.11 %
 Reference
 ICCRI, 2013
Butterfat Content: 53.90 %
Note: Fat content, 49.6 - 58.17 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

Show Details Hide Details

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 166.0 mm
Breadth: 80.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 383.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.07
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 19
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 154.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 481.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.69
Note: tree number 19
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Acc: tree number 27
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 221.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 689.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.56
Note: tree number 27
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Acc: tree number 28
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: smooth
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 163.0 mm
Breadth: 81.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 429.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.01
Note: tree number 28
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Acc: tree number 32
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: smooth
Husk Thickness: 13 mm
Length: 214.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 571.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.48
Note: tree number 32
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Acc: tree number 4
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 14 mm
Length: 180.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 387.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.27
Note: tree number 4
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x SCA 6
Acc: tree number 20
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 19 mm
Length: 213.0 mm
Breadth: 95.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 716.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.24
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 22
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: mammillate
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 193.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 562.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.19
Note: tree number 22
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: medium
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Shape: oblong
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: slight
Length: 157.0 mm
Breadth: 64.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Note: Pod wall hardness > 1.6 MPa =< 2.0 MPa
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 8.85 mm (11.1 - 6.6)
Length: 180.0 mm
Breadth: 74.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 470.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 2
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.43
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.81
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Colour: absent anthocyanin
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: cundeamor
Husk Thickness: 9.4 mm
Length: 165.0 mm
Breadth: 70.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Hardness: very soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.52
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Shape: cundeamor
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: slight
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: moderate
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Shape: round
Rugosity: smooth
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: cundeamor
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 9.4 mm
Length: 165.0 mm
Breadth: 70.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.35
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: cundeamor
Colour: intense green
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 234
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 3.99 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.06 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 0.97 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 72.40 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.25 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 2
Leaf Area: 143.50 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 0.84 g
Specific Leaf Area: 182.00 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

Show Details Hide Details

 Allen, J.B., 1988
Colour: intermediate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Colour: intermediate anthocyanin
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Colour: green
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: green
 Reference

 LEAF

Show Details Hide Details

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.11
Basal Angle: 132.0 °
Apical Angle: 85.0 °
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 112 mm
Length: 236.0 mm
Width: 71.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 3.30
Basal Angle: 96.5 °
Apical Angle: 72.5 °
Petiole Length: 18 mm
Pulvinus Length: 14 mm
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.11
Basal Angle: 132.0 °
Apical Angle: 85.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

Show Details Hide Details

 Allen, J.B., 1988
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 9.50 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Pedicel Colour: anthocyanin absent
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 19
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Acc: tree number 27
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 252 
Acc: tree number 28
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: SCA 6 x CC 137 
Acc: tree number 32
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: UF 712  x SCA 6
Acc: tree number 20
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1958
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 7.90 mm
Ligule Width: 2.27 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Length: 2.03 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Coral, F.J. & Soria, V.J., 1974
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 8.76 mm
Ligule Length: 7.45 mm
Ligule Width: 2.57 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.03 mm
Ovary Length: 1.54 mm
Style Length: 2.33 mm
Staminode Length: 7.86 mm
Pedicel Colour: pale red
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.20 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 7.40 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.27
Ligule Length: 2.90 mm
Ligule Width: 2.40 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.20
Ribbon Length: 3.40 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.60 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.26
Ovule Number: 54
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.40 mm
Pedicel Length: 13.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: anthocyanin absent, slight anthocyani (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: absent
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Bud Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Length: 7.55 mm
Guide Line Length: 3.62 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.54 mm
Sepal Length: 7.95 mm
Ligule Length: 2.67 mm
Ligule Width: 2.13 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.33 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.18 mm
Ovary Length: 1.68 mm
Ovule Number: 40
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent
Style Length: 2.06 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.95 mm
Pedicel Colour: negligible anthocyanin, anthocyanin absent (ab), moderate anthocyanin (basal)
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: white
Ligule Colour: white
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Guide Line Length: 3.20 mm
Sepal Colour: white
Sepal Width: 2.30 mm
Sepal Length: 7.40 mm
Ligule Length: 2.90 mm
Ligule Width: 2.40 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.40 mm
Ribbon Colour: white
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.60 mm
Ovule Number: 54
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.40 mm
Pedicel Length: 13.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: white, green (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: absent
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1938) Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.
Freddy Amores (2015) SCA 6 hybrids in Ecuador.. Personal communication. Email received 23rd January 2015.
ICCRI (2013) PEDOMAN TEKNIS PEMBANGUNAN KEBUN INDUK DAN KEBUN ENTRES KAKAO [TECHNICAL GUIDELINES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SEED PARENT GARDENS].”. PERATURAN MENTERI PERTANIAN NOMOR 09/Permentan/OT.140/1/2013
Marita, J. M., Nienhuis, J., Pires, J. L. & Aitken, W. M. (2001) Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Theobroma cacao with Emphasis on Witches’ Broom Disease Resistance.. Crop Sci. 41:1305–1316.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1998) Comments made by Dr. Bartley during his visit to Reading (19th - 31st July 1998). B.G.D. Bartley. Personal Communications.
Trinidad - ICTA (No Date) List of AX Crosses.. Unpublished report, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad. pp 18.
Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O. (1979) The CRIG cocoa germplasm collection with notes on codes used in the breeding programme at Tafo and elsewhere.. Technical Bulletin, No. 10, Cocoa Research Institute, Tafo, Ghana. pp. 62.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Ecuador - Pichilingue (1987) Nomina de clones y numero de plantas existentes en la coleccion internacional de germoplasma de cacao, EET, Pichilingue.. Unpublished report, E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador. pp. 18.
Trinidad - ICTA (EQX) (No Date) List of the parentage of EQX accessions.. Untitled manuscript, Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp.1.
Clement, D. & Sounigo, O. (1992) Ivory Coast Database.. D. Clement & O. Sounigo, IRCC, Bingerville, Cote d'Ivoire. Personal Communication.
Lee, M.T., Tay, E.B., Lamin, K. & Saedi, M. (1993) Catalogue of locally collected clones in Malaysia.. Catalogue compiled by the Malaysian Cocoa Board, Sabah, Malaysia.
USDA (2010) Yield and pedigree data for superior TARS clones produced at Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.. Received from Andrew Daymond.
Stela Dalva V. M. Silva, Augusto Roberto S. Gomes, Edmundo P. Mandarino, Lindolfo P. dos S. Filho & Virgínia O. Damaceno (2006) Indicações de Resistência à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis em Genótipos de Cacaueiros no Sul da Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1996) Additional Notes with the translation of Coral's field notes from R. Ucayali, Peru (1987-88) expedition.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications. (See also Coral 1988).
Freeman, W.E. (No Date) Cited by C. Gonsalves in Cocoa Research Unit Newsletter, No. 3, 1996.
Trinidad - Las Hermanas (No Date) Key to labelling codes.. Unpublished report, Las Hermanas Experiment Station, Trinidad. p.1.
Trinidad - ICTA (No Date) List of C Crosses.. Unpublished report, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad. pp.4.
Reyes, H.E., Perez, A.Z., Reyes, L.C. de & Wagner O., M. de J. (1973) Catalogo de cultivares de cacao ( Theobroma cacao L.).. Estacion Experimental de Caucagua, Caucagua, Venezuela. pp. 131.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1997) List of "DE" (polyembryonic) progenies cultured at UWI.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
Frances Bekele (2019) Pedigree data for the GEBP clones supplied to ICQC,R (UK) by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Data supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2019.
Trinidad - ICTA (1969) New 'ICS' cultivars.. Unpublished report, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad. pp. 3.
Chong, C.F. & Shepherd, R. (1986) Promising Prang Besar cocoa clones.. In: Cocoa and Coconuts: Progress and Outlook. Eds. Pushparajah, E. & Chew Poh Soon. Incorporated Society of Planters, Malaysia. pp.3-20.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Cameroon - IRAD Cameroun (1985) Collection Camerounaise de cacaoyers (situation en Juillet, 1985).. Unpublished report, IRCC Cameroun. Supplied by A.B. Eskes, IRCC Montpellier.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira.. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Cote d'Ivoire - IRCC (1989) Liste des clones en collection.. Unpublished Report, IRCC Bingerville, Cote d'Ivoire, Doc. No. 192. D. Clement, IRCC, Cote d'Ivoire. Personal Communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Fiji - Naduruloulou (1992) Cocoa collection - Fiji Naduruloulou Research Station.. G. Prasad, Koronivia Research Station, Nausari, Fiji. Personal Communication.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) CIRAD Montpellier Clone List (Excel Spreadsheet).. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Gabon - SOCAGAB (1992) Liste des clones de la collection du C.M.C.E. de Minkong (Oyem, Gabon).. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD, Kourou, Guyane. Personal Communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Guatemala - Los Brilliantes (1994) Lista de clones existentes en la Estacion de Investigacion y Produccion Agricola "Los Brillantes" a Agosto 1994.. M.T. Reyes Barrios, EIAP Guatemala. Personal Communication.
Honduras - CEDEC (1994) List of accessions in CEDEC, La Masica, Honduras.. J.A. Sanchez, FHIA, Honduras. Personal Communication.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
India - Kerala (1991) Report of germplasm collection at Kerala Agricultural University.. R.V. Nair, Unpublished Report, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala, India, pp. 3.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI.. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia.. Personal communication, March 2010.
Leon, J. & Sgaravatti, E. (1971) Provisional list of genetic materials for plant introduction and exchange.. AGPE Misc 71/2. FAO, Rome. pp. 26.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Cueto-Moreno, J. & Fraire-Vazquez, G. (1995) Progressos en el mejoramiento genetico del cacao Theobroma cacao L. en Mexico.. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Cocoa Breeding Strategies, Kuala Lumpur, 1994. INGENIC, Reading, U.K. pp. 18-25.
Eskes, A.B. (1999) Advanced Draft. Working Procedures and Recording Sheets for the CFC/ICCO/IPGRI Project.. CFC/ICCO/IPGRI Cocoa Project.
PNG - Cocoa & Coconut Research (1998) Current list of cocoa accessions at the PNG CCRI.. Mr. Mathias Faure, Personal Communication.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul (2012) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Chumphon Research Center, Thailand.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul, Agricultural Research Officer, Department of Agriculture, Thailand. January 2012.
Togo - IRCC Togo (1991) Collection des clones de cacaoyers presents au Togo.. Unpublished report, IRCC Togo, p.1.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
USDA-ARS, SHRS, NCGR, National Germplasm Repository, Miami, Florida, USA. (2010) List of cocoa accessions held at Miami and Coconut Grove (Plant Introduction Station) in July, 2010.. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Ricardo A. Delgado & Carmen Suárez Capello (2003) Evaluación de la Resistencia Al Mal del Machete en Clones Internacionales de Cacao en Ecuador. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Iton, E.F. (1959) Studies on a wilt disease of cacao at River Estate.. A Report on Cacao Research, 1957-1958. The Regional Research Centre of the British Caribbean.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Adriana Arciniegas-Leal, Allan Mata-Quirós & Juan Carlos Motamayor-Arias (2013) Catalogue of Cacao Clones Selected by CATIE for Commercial Plantings. Technical series. Technical manual/CATIE no.105
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Sounigo, O., N'Goran, J., Coulibaly, N., Clement, D. & Lachenaud, P. (1995) Evaluation de clones de cacaoyers pour la productivite, la resistance aux mirides et la resistance a la pourriture des cabosses.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 375-381.
Iwaro, D., Sreenivasan, T.N. & Umaharan, P. (1997) Foliar resistance to Phytophthora palmivora as an indicator of pod resistance in Theobroma cacao.. Plant Disease 81(6): pp. 619-624
Blaha, G. & Lotode, R. (1976) Un critere primordial de selection du cacaoyer au Cameroun: la resistance a la pourriture brune des cabossees ( Phytophthora palmivora ).. Cafe, Cacao, The 20(2): pp. 97-116.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Sreenivasan, T.N. (1993) Screening for resistance to Black Pod.. T.N. Sreenivasan, CRU, Trinidad. Personal Communication.
Iwaro, D. (1998) Evalation of accessions for Black Pod.. Personal Communication 30th October 1998. Data sent by email from Dr. Iwaro.
Shripat, C. (1995) Preliminary screening of Trinidad Selected Hybrid (TSH) clones for resistance to Black Pod disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) in Trinidad.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Allliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 837-840.
Sreenivasan, T.N. (1980) Screening for resistance to Black Pod.. Cocoa Research Unit Annual Report on Cocoa Research 1975-1980. University of the West Indies, Trinidad. p.16.
Iwaro, D., Sreenivasan, T.N. & Umaharan, P. (1997) Phytophthora resistance in cacao (Theobroma cacao): Influence of pod morphological characteristics.. Plant Pathology 46: pp. 557-565
Kebe (1999) Data from Cote d'Ivoire on black pod resistance.. Kebe, report on CAOBISCO project. Forwarded to ICGD by Dr. A.B.Eskes, IPGRI.
A.D. Iwaro & D. R. Butler (2003) Sources of Resistance to Phytophthora Pod Rot at the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad . In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
A.D. Iwaro, D.R. Butler & A.B. Eskes (2006) Sources of resistance to Phytophthora pod rot at the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (2006) 53: 99–109
Lopez-Baez, O., Fraire, V.G. & Cueto, M.J. (1996) Mejoramiento genetico para la resistencia a Phytophthora en Mexico.. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Contribution of Disease Resistance to Cocoa Variety Improvement, INGENIC, Salvador, 24th-26th September, 1996. pp.51-55.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Lawrence, J.S. (1978) Screening of cacao cultivars for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora in the collection at CATIE, Costa Rica.. Revista Theobroma 8: pp. 125-131.
Subali, S. (1992) MARDI's results on performance of imported primary cocoa clones.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Phua, P.K., Lamin, K & Lee, M.T. (1990) Cocoa germplasm in Sabah and their potential.. In: Proceedings of the MCGC-Malaysia Cocoa Board Workshop on Cocoa Agricultural Research. MCGC, Malaysia.
Bong, C.L. & Phua, P.K. (1989) Screening of hybrid materials for resistance to VSD.. In: Research on Cocoa VSD in Sabah. Technical Bulletin No. 9, Dept. of Agriculture, Sabah, Malaysia. pp. 43-39.
Fonseca, S.E.A & Albuquerque, P.S.B. de (1996) Avaliacao de clones de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira em relaçao a incidencia de vassoura-de bruxa.. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brazil, 1996. Cocoa Producers' Alliance.
Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1997) Evaluating resistance/tolerance to Witches' Broom disease in Bahia, Brazil.. Final Report to ACRI. CEPLAC/CEPEC, February, 1997. pp. 56. Data supplied to ICGD by Luz & Silva.
Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Brazil, CEPEC.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
N'Goran, J.A.K., Lachenaud, P., Bastide P., & Paulin, D. (1993) Cocoa germplasm conservation initiatives in Cote d'Ivoire.. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Conservation, Characterisation and Utilisation of Cocoa Genetic Resources in the 21st Century. CRU, UWI, Trinidad. pp. 221-227.
Warren, J. & Emamdie, D. (1993) Rodent resistance in cacao Theobroma cacao L.. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad), 70: pp.286-288
Malaysia - Applied Agriculture (1992) Data from Applied Agriculture Research Unit (AARU).. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October 1992, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: pp. 4.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2016) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2016.
Trinidad - ICGT (1998) Flower and fruit descriptions.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies
Denna Eriani Munandar, Soetanto Abdoellah, Eko Mardiono, S.M. Sitompul & M. Roviq (2009) Anatomical and Physiological Characteristics as well as Yield of some Fine Flavour and Bulk Cocoa Clones in Indonesia. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad.. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
KKO (1993) Information from the KKO cocoa germplasm database.. Information supplied on computer diskette by C. Cilas, CIRAD-CP, France.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.
Allen, J.B. (1988) Geographical variation and population biology in wild Theobroma cacao. . PhD. Thesis, University of Edinburgh, U.K. pp. 197.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Flower, fruit and leaf descriptors.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1958) Trinitario-Scavina hybrids - new prospects for cocoa improvement.. In: Proceedings of the 1957 Cocoa Conference, London. Cocoa, Chocolate and Confectionery Alliance, London, U.K. pp. 36-40.
Coral, F.J. & Soria, V.J. (1974) Diferentes graus de autocompatibilidade em Theobroma cacao L.. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Cocoa Research Conference, 1972, St. Augustine, Trinidad. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad. pp. 77-81.