Search Results

POUND 7    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1943)
Cacao and witches' broom disease. Report on a recent visit to the Amazon territory of Peru, September 1942-February 1943.. Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 73-91.

Derivation: POUND (collector).
Collected by Pound.

Notes:  Chalmers, 1968 [CHA68A] Trees were marked and initial collections made in 1968. Chalmers revisited the area in 1970 (Chalmers, 1970a [CHA70A]), recollecting from some trees and making new collections from newly marked trees. Further collections were made in 1972 (Chalmers, 1972b [CHA72B]).
 

Synonyms: G VI 68 [POU], G VI POUND 68 [POU], PERU 7 [POU], P 7 [POU]

 NOTES

Chalmers, 1968 [CHA68A] Trees were marked and initial collections made in 1968. Chalmers revisited the area in 1970 (Chalmers, 1970a [CHA70A]), recollecting from some trees and making new collections from newly marked trees. Further collections were made in 1972 (Chalmers, 1972b [CHA72B]).

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: R. Nanay, Loreto, Peru
Date: 1942
Coordinates: 73.10 W, 3.45 S
Material collected: Budwood
Notes: river bank
Expedition Code: 42PO
   Pound, F.J., 1943

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
AX 119    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 286    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
AX 517    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
G VI 31    India - Kerala, 1996
IFC 1251 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1256 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1317 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
IFC 1328 [CIV]    Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
NC 37    CPCRI, 2008
PMCT 38    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 39    Morera, J. et al., 1991
TSA 1063    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSA 1064    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSA 1065    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSA 1066    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSA 1067    Freeman, W.E., No Date
TSH 1077    Freeman, W.E., No Date
 Father to:
G VI 26    India - Kerala, 1996
G VI 27    India - Kerala, 1996
NC 34    CPCRI, 2008
PMCT 35    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 36    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 37    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 40    Morera, J. et al., 1991
PMCT 41    Morera, J. et al., 1991
TARS 1    USDA, 2010
TARS 23    USDA, 2010
TARS 34    USDA, 2010

 POPULATION

 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019
'Nanay' Population
 Reference

 GENOME DATA LINKS

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 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774166   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629658
BioSample: SAMN09934532
SampleSource: Costa Rica
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019  Reference    View Associated Data
BioProject: PRJNA558793   NCBI 
 
Run: SRR9938236   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686887
BioSample: SAMN12500381
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000082
Run: SRR9938237   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686886
BioSample: SAMN12500381
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000082
Run: SRR9938238   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686885
BioSample: SAMN12500381
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000082
Run: SRR9938311   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686812
BioSample: SAMN12500381
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000082

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 209
   - Local Name: P 7
   - Year of Accession: 1981
• Accession: 209
   - Local Name: P 7
   - Year of Accession: 1982
List received in 1987   Reference
• Accession: 356
   - Local Name: P 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1977
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: POUND 7 Quadra 1
   - Local Name: POUND 7
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: POUND-7
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 1999   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10398
   - Local Name: Pound-7
   - Year of Accession: 1958
List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1985
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: POUD-7
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 7
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 7
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: P7
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1958
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1954
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
• Local Name: POUND 7 [POU]
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: G VI 68 [POU]
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00403
   - Local Name: POUND7
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
List received in 1995   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1987
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1968
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1998
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1998
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: POUND - 7
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 7 [POU]
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: TARS 12508 A     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: POUND 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1962
• Accession: TARS 12508 B     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: POUND 7 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1962
List received in 2010   Reference
• Accession: MIA 18100     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: P 7
   - Year of Accession: 1962
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: P 7
   - Year of Accession: 1989
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 [POU]

 DISEASE

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 Ceratocystis
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Susceptible
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
 Frosty Pod Rot
Cross: POUND 7 x ICS 95 
16.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
30.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
35.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
39.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
57.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
71.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
74.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 9 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
75.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
86.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Moderately Susceptible (Pod).
Note: Artificial innoculation..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.1 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1997
Susceptible, 100.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 4.0 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1996
 Phytophthora
Resistant
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019
13.34 % Infection (Pod).
Note: percentage of infected pods. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = AB
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Intermediate, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Clement, D. & Sounigo, O., 1992
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Leaf).
 Kebe, 1999
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Paper disk method..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Resistant, 0.50 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Resistant, 2.20 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Artificial reaction to black pod and natural incidence of the disease over 3 years. Rated as Highly Resistant
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Resistant, 20.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe and not wounded
 Lopez-Baez, O. et al., 1996
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Susceptible, 0.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Susceptible, 0.50 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x ICS 95 
Susceptible, 2.10 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Susceptible, 3.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
Tolerant, 70.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Lawrence, J.S., 1978
 Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus
Moderate Resistance
 Lockwood, G., 1986
 Vascular Streak Dieback
40.40 % Infection (Field Reaction).
Note: 21.9% of trees with <30% infected branches, 16.3% of trees with 30 to 70% infected branches, 2.2% of trees with >70% infected branches.. Sime Darby Plantations, Devon Estate.
 Lam, K.S., 1992
 Witches Broom
Intermediate (Seedling).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Intermediate (Field Reaction).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Resistant
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Susceptible
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967

 PESTS

 Mirids
Moderate Damage
Note: Trial D13/4. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = BCDE
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Moderate Damage
 N'Goran, J.A.K. et al., 1993

 YIELD

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Pod Index: 25.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 967 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Pod Index: 21.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2016 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 4
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Pod Index: 32.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1223 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 5
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Pod Index: 17.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1858 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x ICS 95 
Pod Index: 20.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1401 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Pod Index: 23.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 2397 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 6
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 102.0 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 21.7 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 109.8 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: medium - high
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 85.4 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: medium - high
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Seed Index: 113.1 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 26.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Yield: 908 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: 3 year mean
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Pod Index: 25.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 668 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Sounigo, O. et al., 1995
Yield: 1652 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 USDA, 2010
Yield: 1185 kg ha-1 yr-1
Yield (wet beans per tree): 0.79 kg
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Number: 40.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 7.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.23 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 4
Number: 35.0
Length: 21.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Note: tree number 4
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 5
Number: 34.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 5
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 20
Number: 37.0
Length: 25.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 13.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.60 g
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x ICS 95 
Acc: tree number 29
Number: 40.0
Length: 23.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 13.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 6
Number: 34.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 6
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 47.1
Total Dry Weight: 46.1 g
Dry Weight: 0.98 g
Note: 40 plants sampled
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: medium
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Absent
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 34.5
Maximum Number: 54
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.27 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.91 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.8 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.6 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Absent
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 42.0
Maximum Number: 54
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.73 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.17 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.7 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.4 mm
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour Purple: 100 %
Shape: flat/round
Length: 22.1 mm
Width: 12.3 mm
Thickness: 7.7 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.30 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.95 g
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Number: 43.7
Dry Weight: 0.88 g
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour Dark Purple: 100 %
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.30 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.95 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.3 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 7.7 mm
 Reference
 Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin, 1992
Number: 43.6
Dry Weight: 0.95 g
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x ICS 95 
Butterfat Content: 58.00 %
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Butterfat Content: 51.00 %
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Butterfat Content: 54.00 %
Note: tree number 5
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Butterfat Content: 57.00 %
Note: tree number 4
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Butterfat Content: 60.00 %
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
Note: tree number 6
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 57.00 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 59.07 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 55.39 %
Note: 8 plants sampled
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 199.0 mm
Breadth: 95.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 681.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.09
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 4
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 17 mm
Length: 171.0 mm
Breadth: 90.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 515.0 g
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.90
Note: tree number 4
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 5
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 165.0 mm
Breadth: 92.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 546.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.79
Note: tree number 5
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 20
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 171.0 mm
Breadth: 103.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 588.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.66
Note: tree number 20
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x ICS 95 
Acc: tree number 29
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 214.0 mm
Breadth: 91.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 656.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.35
Note: tree number 29
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 6
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 174.0 mm
Breadth: 90.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 556.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.93
Note: tree number 6
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: large
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 9.4 mm (11.5 - 7.3)
Length: 151.0 mm
Breadth: 76.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 418.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 6
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.98
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.70
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: obtuse - slightly acute
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 10.45 mm (12.9 - 8)
Length: 185.0 mm
Breadth: 92.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 723.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 6
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.01
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.63
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Shape: amelonado
Husk Thickness: 12.0 mm
Length: 154.0 mm
Breadth: 81.0 mm
Colour: yellow and red
Hardness: very hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.90
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Shape: oval
Rugosity: smooth
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Shape: cundeamor
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 12.0 mm
Length: 154.0 mm
Breadth: 81.0 mm
Colour: yellow and green
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.90
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green
 Reference
 Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin, 1992
Length: 167.9 mm
Breadth: 82.1 mm
Weight: 499.3 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.00
 Reference

 FLUSH

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 Allen, J.B., 1988
Colour: intermediate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Allen, J.B., 1988
Colour: intermediate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: brownish orange
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: light brown
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Colour: white
 Reference

 LEAF

 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Length to Width Ratio: 3.01
Basal Angle: 168.0 °
Apical Angle: 80.0 °
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Length to Width Ratio: 3.01
Basal Angle: 168.0 °
Apical Angle: 80.0 °
 Reference

 FLOWER

Show Details Hide Details

 Allen, J.B., 1988
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 7.00 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Pedicel Colour: moderate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Allen, J.B., 1988
Stamen Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.00 mm
Ovary Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Pedicel Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 4
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 5
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 20
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: POUND 7 x ICS 95 
Acc: tree number 29
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.62 mm
Sepal Length: 7.83 mm
Ligule Length: 6.91 mm
Ligule Width: 2.41 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.01 mm
Ovary Length: 1.49 mm
Style Length: 2.42 mm
Staminode Length: 6.02 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish white
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: yellowish green
Sepal Width: 2.20 mm
Sepal Length: 7.10 mm
Ligule Length: 5.90 mm
Ligule Width: 2.20 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.91 mm
Ovary Length: 1.60 mm
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Length: 5.20 mm
Pedicel Colour: yellowish white
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.20 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.10 mm
Sepal Length: 6.90 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.31
Ligule Length: 2.20 mm
Ligule Width: 2.00 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.09
Ribbon Length: 2.10 mm
Ribbon Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.20 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.14
Ovule Number: 60
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 1.60 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 6.10 mm
Pedicel Length: 11.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: slight anthocyani, slight anthocyani (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 French Guiana - CIRAD-CP, 2003
Ovule Number: 54
 Reference
 Morera, J. & Mora, A., 1990
Bud Colour: green
Ligule Colour: green - white
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.20 mm
Sepal Colour: green
Sepal Width: 2.10 mm
Sepal Length: 6.90 mm
Ligule Length: 2.20 mm
Ligule Width: 2.00 mm
Ribbon Length: 2.10 mm
Ribbon Colour: green
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.20 mm
Ovule Number: 60
Style Colour: white (apical), white (basal)
Style Length: 1.60 mm
Staminode Colour: yellow
Staminode Length: 6.10 mm
Pedicel Length: 11.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: green, green (ab), white (basal)
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
 Reference

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Philippe Lachenaud (2012) CIRAD Montpellier Clone List (Excel Spreadsheet).. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
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Chesney, P.E. (2008) Guyana accessions.. Personal communication, September 2008.
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Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI.. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
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Nigeria - CRIN (1994) CRIN Cocoa germplasm.. S.A. Olatoye, CRIN, Nigeria. Personal Communication.
PNG - Cocoa & Coconut Research (1998) Current list of cocoa accessions at the PNG CCRI.. Mr. Mathias Faure, Personal Communication.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
Togo - IRCC Togo (1991) Collection des clones de cacaoyers presents au Togo.. Unpublished report, IRCC Togo, p.1.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
USDA-ARS, SHRS, NCGR, National Germplasm Repository, Miami, Florida, USA. (2010) List of cocoa accessions held at Miami and Coconut Grove (Plant Introduction Station) in July, 2010.. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Philippe Bastide. (2012) Les clones suivis au Vanuatu (unpublished list of accessions).. Personal communication, February 2012.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela.. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Morera, J. & Mora, A. (1990) Banco de Germoplasma de Cacao del CATIE.. Information supplied on computer diskette by CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register.. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Adriana Arciniegas-Leal, Allan Mata-Quirós & Juan Carlos Motamayor-Arias (2013) Catalogue of Cacao Clones Selected by CATIE for Commercial Plantings. Technical series. Technical manual/CATIE no.105
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method.. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. . Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Sounigo, O., N'Goran, J., Coulibaly, N., Clement, D. & Lachenaud, P. (1995) Evaluation de clones de cacaoyers pour la productivite, la resistance aux mirides et la resistance a la pourriture des cabosses.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 375-381.
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. . J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
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Lam, K.S. (1992) Performance of imported clones in Sime Darby Plantations.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1997) Evaluating resistance/tolerance to Witches' Broom disease in Bahia, Brazil.. Final Report to ACRI. CEPLAC/CEPEC, February, 1997. pp. 56. Data supplied to ICGD by Luz & Silva.
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