Search Results

NA 702    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1938)
Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.

Derivation: river NAnay.
Collected by Pound.
Location: R. Nanay, PER.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Fruit - unpigmented, half blanco, long oval, slightly warty, no conspicuous point nor bottle neck. Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Pound describes the typical NANAY as above (pod colour between light/intermediate green) but fruits with different characteristics appear among the NA clones of today which result from seedling progenies of the original collections. Posnette, 1945a [POS45A]. Fan branches are characterised by relatively short (less than 2 cm) petioles in which the pulvini are not clearly separated until the leaf ages, when a shallow constriction may develop. The stamen filaments are always pigmented to some degree, usually heavily.

Notes:  Collected in 1937.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease.

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.


 

Synonyms: NANAI 702, NANAY 702

 NOTES

Collected in 1937. Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease. Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Putative Half-Sibs:
Group P5   Zhang, D. et al., 2009
NA 326 
NA 705 
NA 715 
NA 771 

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Nanay' Population
Subgroup: 'Nanay III'   Reference

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774288   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629536
BioSample: SAMN09934503
SampleSource: Trinidad, Tree_ID: TC0930

 HELD IN

Show Details Hide Details

Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1587     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: NA 702
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22246
   - Local Name: NA-702
   - Year of Accession: 2015
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: NA 702
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: NA 702

 DISEASE

 Phytophthora
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Score: 3 (1-8 Scale). Fully grown, unripe detached pods (4-5 months old).
 A.D. Iwaro et al., 2006
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Fully grown, unripe detached pods (4-5 months old)
 A.D. Iwaro & D. R. Butler, 2003

 YIELD

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Pod Index: 42.6 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 27.0
Total Wet Weight: 29.8 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.87 g
Cotyledon Length: 18.2 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.7 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 57.22 %
Testa: 4.40 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: indented
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 125.0 mm
Breadth: 69.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Note: Pod wall hardness > 2.0 MPa
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1587
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 6.95 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.12 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.74 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 67.15 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.22 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 286.10 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.68 g
Specific Leaf Area: 170.00 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 6.65 mm
Ligule Width: 2.09 mm
Ovule Number: 47
Style Length: 1.99 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 6.77 mm
Ligule Width: 2.08 mm
Ovule Number: 48
Style Length: 1.99 mm
Pedicel Colour: very slight anthocyanin
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1938) Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.
Zhang, D., Boccara, M., Motilal, L., Mischke S., Johnson, E.S., Butler, D.R., Bailey, B. & Meinhardt, L. (2009) Molecular characterization of an earliest cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) collection from Upper Amazon using microsatellite DNA markers.. Tree Genetics & Genomes. doi:10.1007/s11295-009-0212-2
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
A.D. Iwaro, D.R. Butler & A.B. Eskes (2006) Sources of resistance to Phytophthora pod rot at the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (2006) 53: 99–109
A.D. Iwaro & D. R. Butler (2003) Sources of Resistance to Phytophthora Pod Rot at the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad . In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2016) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2016.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.
Trinidad - ICGT (1998) Flower and fruit descriptions.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies