Search Results

NA 283    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1938)
Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.

Derivation: river NAnay.
Collected by Pound.
Location: R. Nanay, PER.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Fruit - unpigmented, half blanco, long oval, slightly warty, no conspicuous point nor bottle neck. Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Pound describes the typical NANAY as above (pod colour between light/intermediate green) but fruits with different characteristics appear among the NA clones of today which result from seedling progenies of the original collections. Posnette, 1945a [POS45A]. Fan branches are characterised by relatively short (less than 2 cm) petioles in which the pulvini are not clearly separated until the leaf ages, when a shallow constriction may develop. The stamen filaments are always pigmented to some degree, usually heavily.

Notes:  Collected in 1937.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease.

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.


 

Synonyms: NANAI 283, NANAY 283

 NOTES

Collected in 1937. Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease. Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Putative Half-Sibs:
Group P1   Zhang, D. et al., 2009
NA 144 
NA 179 
NA 181 
NA 183 
NA 206 
NA 226 
NA 227 
NA 229 
NA 286 
NA 311 
NA 322 
NA 327 
NA 342 
NA 406 
NA 427 
NA 48 
NA 507 
NA 528 
NA 62 
NA 687 
NA 689 
NA 697 
NA 720 
NA 730 
NA 733 
NA 753 
NA 79 
NA 824 
NA 841 
NA 916 
NA 929 

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Nanay' Population
Subgroup: 'Nanay I'   Reference

 HELD IN

List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: NA 283
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: NA 283

 YIELD

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 104.1 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 29.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Pod Index: 34.8 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Pod Index: 32.1 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 34.9
Total Dry Weight: 34.0 g
Dry Weight: 0.96 g
Note: 43 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 33.0
Total Wet Weight: 40.1 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.87 g
Cotyledon Length: 18.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.1 mm
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 35.0
Total Dry Weight: 55.2 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.89 g
Cotyledon Length: 18.7 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.4 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 56.50 %
Note: 11 plants sampled
 Reference
 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 54.00 %
Testa: 5.80 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 135.0 mm
Breadth: 69.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Note: Pod wall hardness > 2.0 MPa
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Shape: angoleta
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 6.87 mm
Ligule Width: 2.44 mm
Ovule Number: 45
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 6.91 mm
Ligule Width: 2.46 mm
Ovule Number: 46
Style Length: 2.13 mm
Pedicel Colour: very slight anthocyanin
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1938) Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.
Zhang, D., Boccara, M., Motilal, L., Mischke S., Johnson, E.S., Butler, D.R., Bailey, B. & Meinhardt, L. (2009) Molecular characterization of an earliest cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) collection from Upper Amazon using microsatellite DNA markers.. Tree Genetics & Genomes. doi:10.1007/s11295-009-0212-2
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2016) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2016.
Trinidad - ICGT (1998) Flower and fruit descriptions.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.