Search Results

NA 70    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1938)
Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.

Derivation: river NAnay.
Collected by Pound.
Location: R. Nanay, PER.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Fruit - unpigmented, half blanco, long oval, slightly warty, no conspicuous point nor bottle neck. Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Pound describes the typical NANAY as above (pod colour between light/intermediate green) but fruits with different characteristics appear among the NA clones of today which result from seedling progenies of the original collections. Posnette, 1945a [POS45A]. Fan branches are characterised by relatively short (less than 2 cm) petioles in which the pulvini are not clearly separated until the leaf ages, when a shallow constriction may develop. The stamen filaments are always pigmented to some degree, usually heavily.

Notes:  Collected in 1937.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease.

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.


 

Synonyms: NANAI 70, NANAY 70

 NOTES

Collected in 1937. Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease. Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Nanay' Population
 Reference
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019
'Nanay' Population
 Reference

 GENOME DATA LINKS

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 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019  Reference    View Associated Data
BioProject: PRJNA558793   NCBI 
 
Run: SRR9938285   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686838
BioSample: SAMN12500387
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000070
Run: SRR9938304   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686819
BioSample: SAMN12500387
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000070
Run: SRR9938305   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686818
BioSample: SAMN12500387
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000070
Run: SRR9938307   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686816
BioSample: SAMN12500387
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000070

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1649     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: NA 70
   - Year of Accession: 2007
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22245
   - Local Name: NA-70
   - Year of Accession: 2012
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: NA70
   - Year of Accession: 1971
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: NA 70
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: NA 70

 DISEASE

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 Phytophthora
Susceptible
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019
Resistant
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998
 Witches Broom
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998

 YIELD

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 138.8 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 32.2 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 24.7 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 42.7
Total Dry Weight: 31.1 g
Dry Weight: 0.72 g
Note: 34 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 47.0
Total Wet Weight: 56.6 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.86 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.4 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.5 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 55.40 %
Note: 12 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 4.90 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Length: 157.0 mm
Breadth: 73.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: moderate
Note: Hardness > 1.6 and <= 2.0 Mpa
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1649
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 6.64 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.14 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.72 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 48.70 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.79 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 270.10 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.81 g
Specific Leaf Area: 151.50 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: anthocyanin absent
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 6.83 mm
Ligule Width: 2.58 mm
Ovule Number: 46
Style Length: 2.38 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1938) Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Guiltinan, Mark (2019) Theobroma cacao Disease Resistance : Discovery and Functional Characterization of Genes Regulating Plant Immunity in Perennial Crops. NCBI
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.