Search Results

NA 33    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1938)
Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.

Derivation: river NAnay.
Collected by Pound.
Location: R. Nanay, PER.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Fruit - unpigmented, half blanco, long oval, slightly warty, no conspicuous point nor bottle neck. Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Pound describes the typical NANAY as above (pod colour between light/intermediate green) but fruits with different characteristics appear among the NA clones of today which result from seedling progenies of the original collections. Posnette, 1945a [POS45A]. Fan branches are characterised by relatively short (less than 2 cm) petioles in which the pulvini are not clearly separated until the leaf ages, when a shallow constriction may develop. The stamen filaments are always pigmented to some degree, usually heavily.

Notes:  Collected in 1937.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease.

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.


 

Synonyms: G VI 46, G VI 60, NANAI 33, NANAY 33

 NOTES

Collected in 1937. Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease. Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: Rio Nanay, Loreto, Peru
Coordinates: 73.00 W, 3.30 S
   Marita, J. M. et al., 2001

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Mother to:
QH 37    Lee, M.T. et al., 1993
T 61 [POS]    Adomako, B. & Adu-Ampomah, Y., 2000
T 73 [POS]    Ghana - WACRI, No Date
 Father to:
A 1122 [MYS]    Department of Agriculture, Malaysia., 1988
AX 353    Trinidad - ICTA, No Date
BAL 204    Pang, J.T.Y. et al., 1994
C 77 [TAF]    Toxopeus, H., 1968
G VI 33    India - Kerala, 1996
G VI 40    India - Kerala, 1996
III 35    CPCRI, 2008
PBC 113    Chong, C.F. & Shepherd, R., 1986
QH 22    Lee, M.T. et al., 1993
QH 670    Lee, M.T. et al., 1993
UPC 41    Lee, M.T. et al., 1993

 POPULATION

 Motamayor, J.C. et al., 2008
'Nanay' Population
 Reference
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019
'Nanay' Population
 Reference

 GENOME DATA LINKS

Show Details Hide Details

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774222   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629602
BioSample: SAMN09934506
SampleSource: Trinidad, Tree_ID: Tc00797
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019  Reference    View Associated Data
BioProject: PRJNA558793   NCBI 
 
Run: SRR9938300   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686823
BioSample: SAMN12500386
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000190
Run: SRR9938302   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686821
BioSample: SAMN12500386
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000190
Run: SRR9938303   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686820
BioSample: SAMN12500386
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000190
Run: SRR9938308   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686815
BioSample: SAMN12500386
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000190

 HELD IN

Show Details Hide Details

Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1577     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: NA 33
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 551
   - Local Name: NA 33
   - Year of Accession: 1985
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: NA-33
List received in 1985   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 1971   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22242
   - Local Name: NA-33
   - Year of Accession: 2010
List received in 1999   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: NA33
   - Year of Accession: 1968
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 61
   - Local Name: NA 33
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: G VI 46
• Local Name: G VI 60
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00397
   - Local Name: NA33
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: Na 33
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
   - Year of Accession: 1968
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: NA - 33
List received in 1971   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: Na33
List received in 1991   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: NA 33
   - Year of Accession: 1938

 DISEASE

Show Details Hide Details

 Ceratocystis
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia.. Classed as Very Susceptible
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
 Phytophthora
Cross: AML [MAL]  x NA 33
26.60 % Infection (Pod).
Note: percentage of infected pods. Rank calculated using Newman-Keuls test at 5% = DE
 Jagoret, P. et al., 1995
Susceptible
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019
Resistant
 Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1998
 Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus
Tolerant
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Vascular Streak Dieback
Cross: NA 33 x UIT 1 
Moderately Susceptible
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1995
Cross: NA 33 x ICS 95 
Tolerant
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1995
81.54 % Infection
Note: 13 plants sampled..
 Subali, S., 1992
Tolerant
 Phua, P.K. et al., 1990
Tolerant
 Bong, C.L. & Phua, P.K., 1989
Resistant, isolate/strain S1
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S10
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S11
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S12
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Resistant, isolate/strain S3
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S4
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S5
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S6
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S7
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
Moderate Resistance, isolate/strain S8
 Bong, C.L. et al., 1996
 Witches Broom
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1998
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Susceptible (Seedling).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Tolerant
 Pires, J.L. et al., 1996

 YIELD

Show Details Hide Details

 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Seed Index: 128.2 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 34.5 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 142.8 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 33.5 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 39.7 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Clapperton, J. et al., 1994
Seed Index: 104.0 (dried beans per 100g)
 Reference

 BEAN

Show Details Hide Details

 Malaysia - Applied Agriculture, 1992
Number: 37.1
Dry Weight: 0.78 g
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 42.4
Total Dry Weight: 29.9 g
Dry Weight: 0.70 g
Note: 35 plants sampled
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: small
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 37.0
Total Wet Weight: 40.7 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.68 g
Cotyledon Length: 19.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 10.5 mm
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Colour: dark purple
Number: 55.0
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 53.40 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 54.71 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 52.51 %
Note: 10 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 7.60 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

Show Details Hide Details

 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Size: medium
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: intense
Length: 144.0 mm
Breadth: 71.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: moderate
Note: Hardness > 1.6 and <= 2.0 Mpa
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: moderate
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1577
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 7.46 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.21 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 2.02 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 44.28 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.72 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 251.10 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.47 g
Specific Leaf Area: 174.10 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: intense anthocyanin
 Reference

 FLOWER

Show Details Hide Details

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: partial compatibility
 Reference
 Bartley, B.G.D., 1970
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 7.26 mm
Ligule Width: 2.58 mm
Ovule Number: 55
Style Length: 2.60 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 KKO, 1993
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Posnette, A.F., 1945
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1938) Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.
Marita, J. M., Nienhuis, J., Pires, J. L. & Aitken, W. M. (2001) Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Theobroma cacao with Emphasis on Witches’ Broom Disease Resistance.. Crop Sci. 41:1305–1316.
Lee, M.T., Tay, E.B., Lamin, K. & Saedi, M. (1993) Catalogue of locally collected clones in Malaysia.. Catalogue compiled by the Malaysian Cocoa Board, Sabah, Malaysia.
Adomako, B. & Adu-Ampomah, Y. (2000) Reflections on the yield of Upper Amazon cocoa hybrids in Ghana with reference to breeding for cocoa swollen shoot virus resistant varieties.. Cocoa Growers' Bulletin 52: 33-45.
Ghana - WACRI (No Date) WACRI Cocoa Varieties. Explanatory notes.. West African Cocoa Research Institute, Tafo, Ghana. A. Asare Nyako, Ghanaian Cocoa Board, Ghana. Personal Communication.
Department of Agriculture, Malaysia. (1988) 1988 Annual Research Report. Cocoa Research Station, Quoin Hill, Tawau.. Research Branch, Department of Agriculture, Sabah, Malaysia.
Trinidad - ICTA (No Date) List of AX Crosses.. Unpublished report, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad. pp 18.
Pang, J.T.Y., Lim, D.H.K. & Lockwood, G. (1994) Clonal cocoa trials and selection for superior clones.. In: Proceedings of the International Cocoa Conference: Challenges in the 90's, Kuala Lumpur, 1991. Malaysian Cocoa Board, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. pp. 38-47.
Toxopeus, H. (1968) Establishment of cacao clones in Nigeria.. Euphytica, 17: pp 38-45.
India - Kerala (1996) Crop Improvement. Cadbury - KAU Co-operative Cocoa Research Project 9th Annual Report 1996-96. pp. 3-61
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
Chong, C.F. & Shepherd, R. (1986) Promising Prang Besar cocoa clones.. In: Cocoa and Coconuts: Progress and Outlook. Eds. Pushparajah, E. & Chew Poh Soon. Incorporated Society of Planters, Malaysia. pp.3-20.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L).. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Guiltinan, Mark (2019) Theobroma cacao Disease Resistance : Discovery and Functional Characterization of Genes Regulating Plant Immunity in Perennial Crops. NCBI
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Cameroon - IRAD Cameroun (1985) Collection Camerounaise de cacaoyers (situation en Juillet, 1985).. Unpublished report, IRCC Cameroun. Supplied by A.B. Eskes, IRCC Montpellier.
Leon, J. & Sgaravatti, E. (1971) Provisional list of genetic materials for plant introduction and exchange.. AGPE Misc 71/2. FAO, Rome. pp. 26.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Eskes, A.B. (1999) Advanced Draft. Working Procedures and Recording Sheets for the CFC/ICCO/IPGRI Project.. CFC/ICCO/IPGRI Cocoa Project.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) CIRAD Montpellier Clone List (Excel Spreadsheet).. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
India - Kerala (1991) Report of germplasm collection at Kerala Agricultural University.. R.V. Nair, Unpublished Report, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala, India, pp. 3.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI.. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia.. Personal communication, March 2010.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998.. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
Nigeria - CRIN (1994) CRIN Cocoa germplasm.. S.A. Olatoye, CRIN, Nigeria. Personal Communication.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul (2012) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Chumphon Research Center, Thailand.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Suchirat Sakuanrungsirikul, Agricultural Research Officer, Department of Agriculture, Thailand. January 2012.
Togo - IRCC Togo (1991) Collection des clones de cacaoyers presents au Togo.. Unpublished report, IRCC Togo, p.1.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Jagoret, P., Bastide, Ph., Pilecki, A., Besacier, C. & Eskes, A.B. (1995) Performance et resistance a la pourriture brune d'hybrides de cacaoyer au Vanuatu (Pacifique Sud).. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 425-431.
Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Brazil, CEPEC.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Bong, C.L., Tay, E.B., Lee, M.T. & Chong, T.C. (1995) Comparative study on cultural practices and planting materials in the management of vascular streak dieback and productivity in cocoa.. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire 1993. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 197-203.
Subali, S. (1992) MARDI's results on performance of imported primary cocoa clones.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Phua, P.K., Lamin, K & Lee, M.T. (1990) Cocoa germplasm in Sabah and their potential.. In: Proceedings of the MCGC-Malaysia Cocoa Board Workshop on Cocoa Agricultural Research. MCGC, Malaysia.
Bong, C.L. & Phua, P.K. (1989) Screening of hybrid materials for resistance to VSD.. In: Research on Cocoa VSD in Sabah. Technical Bulletin No. 9, Dept. of Agriculture, Sabah, Malaysia. pp. 43-39.
Bong, C.L., Lee, M.T. & Yahya, M.N. (1996) Interaction between cocoa clones and isolates of Oncobasidium theobromae causal pathogen of Vascular Streak Dieback.. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brazil, 1996. Cocoa Producers' Alliance. (in press).
Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1997) Evaluating resistance/tolerance to Witches' Broom disease in Bahia, Brazil.. Final Report to ACRI. CEPLAC/CEPEC, February, 1997. pp. 56. Data supplied to ICGD by Luz & Silva.
Pires, J.L., Monteiro, W.R., Pinto, L.R.M. & Luz, E.D.M.N. (1996) Resistance to Witches Broom - Evaluation of genotypes from different origins.. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brasil 1996 Cocoa Producers' Alliance (in press).
Malaysia - Applied Agriculture (1992) Data from Applied Agriculture Research Unit (AARU).. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October 1992, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: pp. 4.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Clapperton, J., Yow, S., Chan, J., Lim, D., Lockwood, R., Romanczyk, L. & Hammerstone, J. (1994) The contribution of genotype to cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) flavour.. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad) 71(4): pp. 303-308.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad.. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
KKO (1993) Information from the KKO cocoa germplasm database.. Information supplied on computer diskette by C. Cilas, CIRAD-CP, France.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.
Posnette, A.F. (1945) Incompatibility in Amazon cacao.. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad) 22: pp. 184-187.