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APA 5    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1993)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: Amazonico PAlmira.

Notes:  Doak & Zambrano, 1961 [DOA61A] Collected from Napo area, 1961.


Doak & Zambrano, 1961 [DOA61A] Collected from Napo area, 1961.


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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1695     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: APA 5
   - Year of Accession: 2011
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 228
   - Local Name: APA 5
   - Year of Accession: 1978
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10092
   - Local Name: APA-5
   - Year of Accession: 1960
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: APA 5
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: APA-5
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 315234     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: APA 5
   - Year of Accession: 1967


Resistant, sp. P. palmivora
Note: Artificial reaction to black pod (Paper Disc Method). Rated as Highly Resistant
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009


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 Brazil - Almirante Cacao, 1997
Yield: 1034 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 107.5 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 43.8 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 96.1 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: high


 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 24.1
Total Dry Weight: 22.8 g
Dry Weight: 0.93 g
Note: 19 plants sampled
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Absent
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 32.3
Maximum Number: 43
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.60 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.04 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.3 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.4 mm


 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 60.20 %
Note: 5 plants sampled


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 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: smooth
Hardness: hard
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: slightly obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 12.4 mm (14 - 10.8)
Length: 169.0 mm
Breadth: 101.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 767.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 7
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.67
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.65
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green


 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1695
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 4.06 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.06 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.03 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 68.01 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.98 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 262.70 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 2.14 g
Specific Leaf Area: 123.50 cm2 g-1


 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: light brown


 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.32 mm
Sepal Length: 8.26 mm
Ligule Length: 7.57 mm
Ligule Width: 2.56 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 0.96 mm
Ovary Length: 1.17 mm
Style Length: 2.30 mm
Staminode Length: 7.40 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish white
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.

Bartley, B.G.D. (1993) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga".. Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF).. M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Brazil - Almirante Cacao (1997) Percentage fat content of seed and nibs from selected clones.. Data supplied on computer diskette by Martin Aitken
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.