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GU 296 /H    Theobroma cacao

 French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (1994)
Morphological characteristics of the clones held at CIRAD Guyane.. Data supplied to ICGD on computer diskette. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Guyane.

Collected by Clement/Salle IRCC.
Location: Haut Camopi+Ecuador, GUF.

Lachenaud, 1993a [LAC93A]. Haut-Camopi material (See CAM 1, 3, 7, 9, 12) generally tall, Leaves - pigmented flushes, Fruit - heterogeneity in pod shape but usually green, clear basal constriction, obtuse apex, intermediate surface rugosity, prominent paired ridges.

Notes:  French Guiana - CIRAD-CP, 1994 [GUY94A] GU 112-359 from French Guiana, GU 360-370 from Ecuador.

Some publications have erroneously omitted the GU code and list only the clone number and suffix, for example 269H = GU 269/H and N 123 = GU 123/N.

2 May 2002 Data collected on wild trees from which the GU material were collected as seed has been removed from the ICGD on the recommendation of Philippe Lachenaud (CIRAD-CP). The descriptors referred only to the wild material which was never cloned in genebanks and as such the presence of these data were believed to be misleading. All GU material was collected as seed and properly labelled material should include a letter suffix at the end of the name.
 

Synonyms: CAM 13 /296H [GUF]

 NOTES

French Guiana - CIRAD-CP, 1994 [GUY94A] GU 112-359 from French Guiana, GU 360-370 from Ecuador. Some publications have erroneously omitted the GU code and list only the clone number and suffix, for example 269H = GU 269/H and N 123 = GU 123/N. 2 May 2002 Data collected on wild trees from which the GU material were collected as seed has been removed from the ICGD on the recommendation of Philippe Lachenaud (CIRAD-CP). The descriptors referred only to the wild material which was never cloned in genebanks and as such the presence of these data were believed to be misleading. All GU material was collected as seed and properly labelled material should include a letter suffix at the end of the name.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: R. Camopi, Haut Camopi, French Guiana (primary forest)
Date: 9 May 1987
Coordinates: 53°12'23" W, 2°21'24" N
Material collected: Seed
Notes: path Mgne Cacao-Cr. Cacao, same tree as #295
Expedition Code: 87GU
   Sallee, B., 1987

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
GU 296  x Unknown

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 230     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: GU 296/H
   - Year of Accession: 1989
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 957
   - Local Name: GU 296H
• Accession: 957
   - Local Name: GU 296H
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: GU-296H
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22023
   - Local Name: GU 296-H
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 1997   Reference
• Local Name: GU 296 /H
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: GU 296 /H
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 668468     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: GU 296 H
   - Year of Accession: 2007
List received in 2010   Reference
• Accession: MIA 35756     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: GU 296 H
   - Year of Accession: 2002

 DISEASE

 Witches Broom
Susceptible (Twigs and/or pods (Field Reaction)).
 Lachenaud, Ph. et al., 2007
Susceptible (Shoot (Field Reaction)).
Note: Population CAM 13
 Lachenaud, P., 2006

 YIELD

 Lachenaud, Ph. et al., 2007
Productivity: low
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 230
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 6.46 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.15 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.47 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 46.00 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.40 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 251.00 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.66 g
Specific Leaf Area: 155.30 cm2 g-1
 Reference

French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (1994) Morphological characteristics of the clones held at CIRAD Guyane.. Data supplied to ICGD on computer diskette. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Guyane.
Sallee, B. (1987) Compte rendu de prospection dans les populations naturelles de Theobroma cacao L. du Haut Camopi (Guyane Francais) 14/4 au 12/5/87.. Unpublished report, IRCC/CIRAD, 97387 Kourou, Guyane, pp. 45.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions.. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998.. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
USDA-ARS, SHRS, NCGR, National Germplasm Repository, Miami, Florida, USA. (2010) List of cocoa accessions held at Miami and Coconut Grove (Plant Introduction Station) in July, 2010.. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Lachenaud, Ph., Paulin, D., Ducamp, M. & Thevenin, J.-M. (2007) Twenty years of agronomic evaluation of wild cocoa trees (Theobroma cacao L.) from French Guiana.. Scientia Horticulturae. 113: pp 313–321.
Lachenaud, P. (2006) Some characteristics of the GU clones held at the University of Reading.. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD, France. Personal Communication, September 2006.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.