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CATIE-R1    Theobroma cacao

Derivation: CATIE.
Location: CATIE, CRI.

Notes:  CATIE clones names were previously included in the ICGD as ICGD preferred names. As the CATIE names are now known to be accession names the synonymy has been altered for those clones with pre-exsiting names (as advised by Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A]). CATIE remains the ICGD preferred name for selections made at CATIE.
 

 NOTES

CATIE clones names were previously included in the ICGD as ICGD preferred names. As the CATIE names are now known to be accession names the synonymy has been altered for those clones with pre-exsiting names (as advised by Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A]). CATIE remains the ICGD preferred name for selections made at CATIE.

Trees small in size, with moderate foliage and branches with semierect growth.   Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013

 RECOMMENDED PLANTING MATERIAL    Disclaimer

 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Recommended for planting in:
Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama
Recommended by: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica
Note: Recommended for commerial planting in Central America.
 Reference    View Associated Data

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
UF 273  x CATIE 1000    Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013

 DISEASE

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 Frosty Pod Rot
12.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
12.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
14.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 9 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
15.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Moderate Resistance (Pod).
Note: Artificial innoculation..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
 Phytophthora
3.20 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 3 years.
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
6.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
7.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Paper disk method..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Susceptible, 7.90 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006

 FLAVOUR

 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Roast: 126 °C for 25 mins
Flavour: Mild early acidity that is definitely fruit like. Very pleasant. It has middle cooked fruit / yellow fruit note. It could be seen also as a dried red fruit. It is moderate cocoa in midtaste with some bitterness with the cocoa. Astringency is present but moderate. Ends with a very pleasant cocoa / browned fruit note along with mild bitterness.
Note: Provided by Ed Seguine
 Reference

 YIELD

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Pod Index: 29.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 561 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Yield: 1678 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: 3 year mean
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Pod Index: 29.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1674 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference

 BEAN

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Number: 29.0
Length: 25.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.34 g
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Colour: Intense purple
Shape: Oblong
Number: 29.0
Length: 25.0 mm
Width: 9.0 mm
Thickness: 12.0 mm
Total Wet Weight: 93.4 g
Dry Weight: 1.25 g
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Butterfat Content: 52.30 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Shape: calabacillo
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 18 mm
Length: 174.0 mm
Breadth: 93.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 557.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.87
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Shape: angoleta-cundeamor
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 174.0 mm
Breadth: 92.0 mm
Colour: Purple with eventual presence of green
Weight: 556.7 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.90
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Colour: Pale red with green
 Reference

 LEAF

 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Shape: Elliptic
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 113 mm
Length: 319.0 mm
Width: 107.0 mm
Basal Form: Obtuse
Apex Form: Cuspidate
Petiole Length: 20 mm
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Sepal Width: 2.60 mm
Sepal Length: 8.50 mm
Ligule Length: 4.10 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ovary Width: 0.90 mm
Ovary Length: 1.30 mm
Ovule Number: 41
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Length: 6.00 mm
Pedicel Length: 20.80 mm
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference

Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Adriana Arciniegas-Leal, Allan Mata-Quirós & Juan Carlos Motamayor-Arias (2013) Catalogue of Cacao Clones Selected by CATIE for Commercial Plantings. Technical series. Technical manual/CATIE no.105
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.