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CRUZ 7 /14    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1993)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: CRUZeiro do sul progeny.
Collected by UWI/Chalmers.
Location: ICGT, BRA.

Notes:  Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A] Open pollinated seedlings brought back from Brazil by Chalmers in 1973. Progeny of C SUL 7 and C SUL 8 from Belem.
 

 NOTES

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A] Open pollinated seedlings brought back from Brazil by Chalmers in 1973. Progeny of C SUL 7 and C SUL 8 from Belem.

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774345   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629479
BioSample: SAMN09934421
SampleSource: Costa Rica

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1569     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: CRUZ 7/14
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22131
   - Local Name: CRUZ-7/14
   - Year of Accession: 2010
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CRUZ7/14
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: CRUZ 7/14
   - Year of Accession: 1973

 DISEASE

 Phytophthora
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Score: 2 (1-8 Scale). Fully grown, unripe detached pods (4-5 months old).
 A.D. Iwaro et al., 2006

 YIELD

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Pod Index: 23.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Pod Index: 25.5 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 40.0
Total Wet Weight: 57.4 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.07 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 10.9 mm
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 44.0
Total Wet Weight: 56.3 g
Total Dry Weight: 55.7 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.89 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.2 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.6 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 6.8 mm
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Shape: oblong
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: intense
Length: 191.0 mm
Breadth: 75.0 mm
Colour: slight anthocyanin
Note: Pod wall hardness > 2.0 MPa
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Shape: cundeamor
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 12.00 mm
Size: large
Length: 181.7 mm
Breadth: 73.0 mm
Colour: slight anthocyanin
Husk Weight: 266.18 g
Placenta Weight: 9.20 g
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.48
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1569
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 5.31 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.12 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.88 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 52.53 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.00 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 6
Leaf Area: 311.80 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.98 g
Specific Leaf Area: 160.50 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Colour: intermediate anthocyanin
 Reference

 LEAF

 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 166 mm
Length: 335.0 mm
Width: 107.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 3.10
Basal Angle: 112.1 °
Apical Angle: 62.6 °
Petiole Length: 18 mm
Pulvinus Length: 19 mm
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 7.95 mm
Ligule Width: 2.43 mm
Ovule Number: 51
Style Length: 2.43 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Bud Colour: slight anthocyanin
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Length: 6.39 mm
Guide Line Length: 3.67 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.15 mm
Sepal Length: 7.88 mm
Ligule Length: 3.11 mm
Ligule Width: 2.39 mm
Ribbon Length: 3.45 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.06 mm
Ovary Length: 1.23 mm
Ovule Number: 51
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent
Style Length: 2.44 mm
Pedicel Length: 13.21 mm
Pedicel Colour: very slight anthocyanin, intense anthocyanin (ab), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
 Reference

Bartley, B.G.D. (1993) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names.. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
A.D. Iwaro, D.R. Butler & A.B. Eskes (2006) Sources of resistance to Phytophthora pod rot at the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (2006) 53: 99–109
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2016) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2016.
Trinidad - ICGT (1998) Flower and fruit descriptions.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Flower, fruit and leaf descriptors.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.