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COCA 3348 /44 [CHA]    Theobroma cacao

 Chalmers, W.S. (1973)
Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973.. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.

Derivation: COCA river.
Collected by Chalmers (INIAP/UWI).
Location: R. Coca, Oriente, ECU.

Notes:  Chalmers, 1973a [CHA73A] Chalmers marked these trees and made the initial collections in 1968. Further collections of both budwood and seed were made on later expeditions in 1969 and 1970.
 

Synonyms: EQX 3348 /44 [CHA], EQ 3348 /44, EQX 3348 /44 [A], G VI 355, COC 3348 /44 [CHA], COC 3348 /44 [ECU], COCA 3348 /44 [ECU], EQX 3348 /44 [B], EQX 3348 /44 [J], EQX 3348 /44 [T], EQX 3348 /44 [U], EQX 3348 /44 [V], EQX 3348 /44 [W], EQX 3348 /44 [Z], EQX A 3348 /44, EQX B 3348 /44, EQX C 3348 /44, EQX J 3348 /44, EQX T 3348 /44, EQX U 3348 /44, EQX V 3348 /44, EQX W 3348 /44

 NOTES

Chalmers, 1973a [CHA73A] Chalmers marked these trees and made the initial collections in 1968. Further collections of both budwood and seed were made on later expeditions in 1969 and 1970.

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1723     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: COCA 3348/44
   - Year of Accession: 2014
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 918
   - Local Name: EQX 3348-44
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EQX-3348/44
   - Year of Accession: 1995
List received in 1997   Reference
• Accession: 355
   - Local Name: EQX 3348 /44 [CHA]
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: EQX 3348-44
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: EQX 3348 /44 [CHA]
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: EQX 3348 /44 [CHA]
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: COCA 3348/44 [CHA]
   - Year of Accession: 1970

 YIELD

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 22.2 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 50.0
Total Wet Weight: 72.9 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.90 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.6 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 5.90 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Length: 166.0 mm
Breadth: 80.0 mm
Colour: slight anthocyanin
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: slight anthocyanin
 Reference

 LEAF

 Trinidad - ICGT, 1992
Distance from Base to Widest Part: 136 mm
Length: 258.0 mm
Width: 87.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 3.00
Basal Angle: 103.5 °
Apical Angle: 65.7 °
Petiole Length: 20 mm
Pulvinus Length: 15 mm
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 6.48 mm
Ligule Width: 2.43 mm
Ovule Number: 48
Style Length: 1.73 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference

Chalmers, W.S. (1973) Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973.. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions.. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia.. Personal communication, March 2010.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998.. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
PNG - Cocoa & Coconut Research (1998) Current list of cocoa accessions at the PNG CCRI.. Mr. Mathias Faure, Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.