Search Results

CCN 51    Theobroma cacao

 Ecuador - Napo (1992)
Corrections to accession list for Estacion Experimental Napo- San Carlos.. B.G.D. Bartley, E.E.T Pichilingue, Ecuador. Personal Communication.

Derivation: Cacao Castro Naranjal.
Collected by Castro.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. Leaf - white [Bartley, 1993a].

Notes:  Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. May include some material collected from Oriente (CCN1,2,3,4?).

Bartley, 1999c [BAR99C] This group of clones is based on the cross (ICS 95 x IMC 67) x Oriente genotypes, possibly known as CCN1 or CCN 2. According to information given by Castro the Oriente material used in these selections derived from a collection made by himself in 1949 in a place called Canelos at the "Hacienda Ila", below the town or Puyo on the Rio Bobonaza in the eastern foothills of the Andes.

These clones were taken to the Miami quarantine facility in 1983 and from there were introduced into Brazil.

Bartley, 1997b [BAR97B] CCN 100, 101 and 103 are not part of Castro's selections. These clones are from Ecuador but were erroneously identified in Miami as additional CCNs. CCN 60 is also probably not related to the rest of the CCNs. It may be a FELDA selection.
 

Synonyms: CEN 51, INIAP T 680

 NOTES

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. May include some material collected from Oriente (CCN1,2,3,4?). Bartley, 1999c [BAR99C] This group of clones is based on the cross (ICS 95 x IMC 67) x Oriente genotypes, possibly known as CCN1 or CCN 2. According to information given by Castro the Oriente material used in these selections derived from a collection made by himself in 1949 in a place called Canelos at the "Hacienda Ila", below the town or Puyo on the Rio Bobonaza in the eastern foothills of the Andes. These clones were taken to the Miami quarantine facility in 1983 and from there were introduced into Brazil. Bartley, 1997b [BAR97B] CCN 100, 101 and 103 are not part of Castro's selections. These clones are from Ecuador but were erroneously identified in Miami as additional CCNs. CCN 60 is also probably not related to the rest of the CCNs. It may be a FELDA selection.

 RECOMMENDED PLANTING MATERIAL    Disclaimer

 CEPLAC, Brazil, 2014
Recommended for planting in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Scale: Large-scale
Year: 2014 onwards (Current)
 Reference
 Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei et al., 2011
Recommended for planting in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 2003 onwards (Current)
 Reference
 Batista, Lepido J., 2009
Recommended for planting in:
Dominican Republic
Recommended by: Instituto Dominicano de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales (IDIAF), Dominican Republic
 Reference
 INIA, 2020
Recommended for planting in:
Peru (Satipo, Chanchamayo)
Recommended by: INIA
Status: Current
 Reference

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Parents:
(ICS 95 x IMC 67) x CCN 1    Bartley, B.G.D., 1999
 Mother to:
CCN 10    Bartley, B.G.D., 1999
CCN 16    Bartley, B.G.D., 1999
INIAP T 405    Freddy Amores et al., 2009

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774349   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629475
BioSample: SAMN09934417
SampleSource: Brazil, MARS

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1736     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: CCN 51
   - Year of Accession: 2016
• Accession: RUQ 1737     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: CCN 51
   - Year of Accession: 2016
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 578
   - Local Name: CCN 51
   - Year of Accession: 1987
• Accession: 1216
   - Cross: CCN 51 x ICS 95 
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 1
• Accession: 1216
   - Cross: CCN 51 x ICS 95 
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 1
• Accession: 1224
   - Cross: CCN 51 x ICS 95 
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 2
• Accession: 1224
   - Cross: CCN 51 x ICS 95 
   - Local Name: CCN 51 X ICS 95 2
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: CCN 51 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: CCN 51
• Accession: CCN 51 Viveiro 1
   - Local Name: CCN 51
• Accession: CCN 51 Viveiro 2
   - Local Name: CCN 51
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CCN-51
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21966
   - Local Name: CCN-51 T1
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2020   Reference
• Local Name: CCN-51
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CCN - 51
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CCN 51
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CCN 51
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CCN 51
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: CCN 51
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: CCN 51
List received in 2009   Reference
• Local Name: CCN - 51

 DISEASE

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 Ceratocystis
Susceptible (Seedling).
Note: Origin of material: Almirante Cacau, Barro Preto
 Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
 Frosty Pod Rot
Cross: CCN 51 x UF 273 
12.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
18.20 % Infection (Pod).
Note: Infected pods per tree: 0.7.
 Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
36.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
43.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 9 years. Although this clone shares many morpho-physiological characteristics with the true type, it is an off-type as determined by USDA-ARS
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
45.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
56.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Cross: PA 169 [PER]  x CCN 51
70.00 % Infection (Field reaction).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Moderately Susceptible (Pod).
Note: Artificial innoculation..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
40.00 % Infection
 Castro, H., 1986
 Phytophthora
0.10 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 3 years. Although this clone shares many morpho-physiological characteristics with the true type, it is an off-type as determined by USDA-ARS
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
2.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over last 5 years (6 to 11)..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
4.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Field reaction).
Note: Natural incidence of the disease over 11 years..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Cross: PA 169 [PER]  x CCN 51
Resistant, 0.70 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Paper disk method..
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Susceptible, 5.30 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CCN 51 x UF 273 
Susceptible, 8.30 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (5 month old detached pod (reaction)).
Note: Described as highly susceptible. Percentage infection is the natural incidence of the disease observed in the field over 4 to 5 years.
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
 Witches Broom
Notes
Number of vegetative brooms: 4.8, infected flower cushions: 0.3 and infected pods: 0.
 Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
4.00 % Infection
 Castro, H., 1986
Resistant (Seedling).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1998
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997

 YIELD

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 Freddy Amores et al., 2009
Pod Index: 14.5 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield (wet beans per tree): 12.00 kg
 Reference
 Freddy Amores et al., 2009
Yield: 1332 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: Zone of Chongon, Ecuador
 Reference
 Freddy Amores et al., 2009
Yield: 1299 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: Zone of Calceta, Ecuador
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Pod Index: 18.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 756 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CCN 51 x UF 273 
Pod Index: 34.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1103 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: PA 169 [PER]  x CCN 51
Pod Index: 36.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1622 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: tree number 9
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips et al., 2009
Yield: 1265 kg ha-1 yr-1
Note: 3 year mean
 Reference
 Wilbert Phillips-Mora et al., 2013
Pod Index: 18.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Yield: 1034 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
Seed Index: 1.6 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 14.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
Wet Weight Beans Per Tree: 2983.3 g
Yield Efficiency: 111.3 g/cm2
Note: Cherelle wilt per tree, 68.8
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Freddy Amores et al., 2009
Dry Weight: 1.62 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Number: 31.0
Length: 28.0 mm
Width: 11.0 mm
Thickness: 14.0 mm
Dry Weight: 2.14 g
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CCN 51 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 13
Number: 24.0
Length: 22.0 mm
Width: 8.0 mm
Thickness: 11.0 mm
Dry Weight: 1.70 g
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: PA 169 [PER]  x CCN 51
Acc: tree number 9
Number: 22.0
Dry Weight: 1.30 g
Note: tree number 9
 Reference
 Castro, H., 1986
Colour: light purple
Shape: round
Number: 50.4
Total Wet Weight: 254.0 g
Total Dry Weight: 76.3 g
Wet Weight: 5.05 g
Dry Weight: 1.50 g
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CCN 51 x UF 273 
Butterfat Content: 51.00 %
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Butterfat Content: 56.00 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 16 mm
Length: 204.0 mm
Breadth: 94.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 679.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.17
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CCN 51 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 13
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: absent
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 15 mm
Length: 159.0 mm
Breadth: 76.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 377.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.09
Note: tree number 13
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: PA 169 [PER]  x CCN 51
Acc: tree number 9
Husk Thickness: 13 mm
Length: 161.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: green
Weight: 326.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.87
Note: tree number 9
 Reference
 Castro, H., 1986
Shape: angoleta
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 14.0 mm
Length: 205.0 mm
Breadth: 83.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 832.7 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.47
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: CCN 51 x UF 273 
Acc: tree number 13
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W., 2006
Cross: PA 169 [PER]  x CCN 51
Acc: tree number 9
Self Compatibility: self compatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2018
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.46 mm
Sepal Length: 8.30 mm
Ligule Width: 2.72 mm
Ovule Number: 41
Style Length: 2.43 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
 Reference

Ecuador - Napo (1992) Corrections to accession list for Estacion Experimental Napo- San Carlos.. B.G.D. Bartley, E.E.T Pichilingue, Ecuador. Personal Communication.
CEPLAC, Brazil (2014) Indicação de Variedades Clonais de Cacaueiro. COMUNICADO CEPLAC/CEPEC NO 02/2014
Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei, Wilson Reis Monteiro, José Luis Pires, Didier Clement, Milton Macoto Yamada & Karina Peres Gramacho (2011) Cacao Breeding in Bahia, Brazil - Strategies and Results. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 11: 73–81
Batista, Lepido J. (2009) Guía Técnica el Cultivo de Cacao en la República Dominicana. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. Centro para el Desarrollo Agropecuario y Forestal (CEDAF)
INIA (2020) MINAGRI DESARROLLA MÁS 7 MIL PLANTONES DE CACAO DE ALTA CALIDAD PARA SATIPO Y CHACHAMAYO [Minagri Develops More Than 7 Thousand High Quality Cocoa Seedlings for Satipo and Chachamayo]. INIA Website
Bartley, B.G.D. (1999) CCN 51. Background, History, Characteristics.. Unpublished report for the ICGD. p13.
Freddy Amores, Geover Peña, Darío Calderón, Juan Agama, Carmen Suarez, Juan Motamayor, Raymond Schnell, James Quiroz, Gastón Loor & Omar Tarqui (2009) Research to Identify and Develop High Yielding Fine and Flavour Cocoa Clones in Ecuador. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
García-Cruzatty, Luz Cecilia, Luis Vera-Pinargote, Freddy Zambrano-Gavilanes, Andrés Zamora-Macías & John Cedeño-Ortega (2020) Pollen Production in Theobroma Cacao L. Genotypes National Type and CCN-51 and Its Relationship with Climatic Factors on the Ecuadorian Coast. Acta Agrobotanica 73 (2)
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador.. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) CIRAD Montpellier Clone List (Excel Spreadsheet).. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
Philippe Lachenaud (2012) F. Guiana database, CIRAD-CP.. Data supplied to ICGD by email. Dr. Philippe Lachenaud, CIRAD Montpellier, France, January 2012.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Honduras - CEDEC (1994) List of accessions in CEDEC, La Masica, Honduras.. J.A. Sanchez, FHIA, Honduras. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998.. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
Luis F. García Carrión (2009) Catalogo de Cultivares de Cacao del Peru.
Stela Dalva V. M. Silva, Augusto Roberto S. Gomes, Edmundo P. Mandarino, Lindolfo P. dos S. Filho & Virgínia O. Damaceno (2006) Indicações de Resistência à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis em Genótipos de Cacaueiros no Sul da Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Arciniegas, A. & Phillips-Mora, W. (2006) Caracterización de Genotipos Superiores de Cacao Seleccionados por el Programa de Mejoramiento Genético del CATIE por Su Rendimiento Y/O Resistencia a Moniliasis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel (2010) EVALUACIÓN DE CLONES DE CACAO (Theobroma Cacao L.) PROVENIENTES DE PLÁNTULAS HÍBRIDAS SELECCIONADAS POR RESISTENCIA A LA ENFERMEDAD ESCOBA DE BRUJA (Moniliopththora Perniciosa). Universidad Tecnica Estatal de Quevedo, Ecuador
Wilbert Phillips, José Castillo, Adriana Arciniegas, Allan Mata, Aldo Sánchez, Mariela Leandro, Carlos Astorga, Juan Motamayor, Bill Guyton, Ed Seguine & Ray Schnell (2009) Overcoming the Main Limiting Factors of Cacao Production in Central America through the use of Improved Clones Developed at CATIE. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Adriana Arciniegas-Leal, Allan Mata-Quirós & Juan Carlos Motamayor-Arias (2013) Catalogue of Cacao Clones Selected by CATIE for Commercial Plantings. Technical series. Technical manual/CATIE no.105
Castro, H. (1986) Records sheets of traits and performance of selections.. Data supplied to B.G.D. Bartley. Listed in Bartley, 1999c, [BAR99C] report to the ICGD on CCN 51.
Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1997) Evaluating resistance/tolerance to Witches' Broom disease in Bahia, Brazil.. Final Report to ACRI. CEPLAC/CEPEC, February, 1997. pp. 56. Data supplied to ICGD by Luz & Silva.
Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Brazil, CEPEC.. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2018) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April and October 2018.