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CAS 1    Theobroma cacao

 Vello, F., Garcia, J.R. & Magalhaes, W.S. (1974)
Producao e selecao de cacaueiros hibridos na Bahia.. Proceedings of the 4th International Cocoa Conference, 1972, St. Augustine, Trinidad. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad. pp. 38-56.

Derivation: Campo Agricola do Santarem.
Collected by Rodrigues.
Location: Santarem, Pará, BRA.

Notes:  (Bartley, 1997b [BAR97B] ) CAS 1 Selected for presumed resistance to Phytophthora, CAS 2 selected for presumed resistance to Witches' Broom.
 

 NOTES

(Bartley, 1997b [BAR97B] ) CAS 1 Selected for presumed resistance to Phytophthora, CAS 2 selected for presumed resistance to Witches' Broom.

 COLLECTION DETAILS

Location: R.Solimoes, Para, Brazil
Date: 1965
Material collected: Budwood
Expedition Code: xxBR
   Almeida, C.M.V.C. de et al., 1987

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Father to:
CEPEC 52    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 53    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 54    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 55    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 56    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 57    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 58    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 59    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 60    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 61    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 62    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 63    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 64    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 65    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 66    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 69    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 70    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 71    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 72    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
CEPEC 73    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987

 HELD IN

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 180
   - Local Name: CAS 1
   - Year of Accession: 1980
List received in 1987   Reference
• Accession: 1
   - Local Name: CAS 1
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CAS-1
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10108
   - Local Name: CAS-1
   - Year of Accession: 1962
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: CAS 1
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: CAS 1
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: CAS 1
List received in 1971   Reference
• Local Name: CAS 1
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: CAS 1
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 668414     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: CAS 1
   - Year of Accession: 1939
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CAS 1
   - Year of Accession: 1992

 DISEASE

 Phytophthora
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Vascular Streak Dieback
76.60 % Infection (Field Reaction).
Note: 70.6% of trees with <30% infected branches, 3.0% of trees with 30 to 70% infected branches, 3.0% of trees with >70% infected branches.. Sime Darby Plantations, Devon Estate.
 Lam, K.S., 1992

 YIELD

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 Brazil - Almirante Cacao, 1997
Yield: 309 kg ha-1 yr-1
 Reference
 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Seed Index: 97.0 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 31.6 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 44.1 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Seed Index: 90.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: very low - low
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Seed Index: 85.8 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 23.5 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Number: 30.4
Total Dry Weight: 31.7 g
Dry Weight: 1.03 g
Note: 13 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: dark purple
Shape: oblong
Number: 22.0
Total Wet Weight: 35.5 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.03 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.4 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.4 mm
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 31.1
Maximum Number: 43
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.70 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.10 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.2 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.2 mm
 Reference
 Lam, K.S., 1992
Number: 42.2
Dry Weight: 1.16 g
 Reference
 Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin, 1992
Number: 32.9
Dry Weight: 1.22 g
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Butterfat Content: 57.60 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 59.26 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 55.26 %
Note: 6 plants sampled
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 5.80 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

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 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Length: 136.0 mm
Breadth: 83.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Rugosity: intense
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: obtuse - slightly acute
Rugosity: very slight
Husk Thickness: 8.1 mm (9.7 - 6.5)
Length: 159.0 mm
Breadth: 86.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 494.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 2
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.84
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.96
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green
 Reference
 Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin, 1992
Length: 171.3 mm
Breadth: 84.2 mm
Weight: 543.2 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.00
 Reference

 FLUSH

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Colour: reddish brown
 Reference

 FLOWER

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 Malaysia - BAL Plantations, 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 7.15 mm
Ligule Width: 2.61 mm
Ovule Number: 45
Style Length: 2.32 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference
 Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.07 mm
Sepal Length: 7.82 mm
Ligule Length: 7.11 mm
Ligule Width: 2.12 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Length: 1.27 mm
Style Length: 2.43 mm
Staminode Length: 6.69 mm
Pedicel Colour: pastel red
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
 Reference
 Morera, J. et al., 1991
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
 Reference

Vello, F., Garcia, J.R. & Magalhaes, W.S. (1974) Producao e selecao de cacaueiros hibridos na Bahia.. Proceedings of the 4th International Cocoa Conference, 1972, St. Augustine, Trinidad. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad. pp. 38-56.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira.. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection.. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection.. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science.. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia.. Personal communication, March 2010.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia.. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998.. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
Leon, J. & Sgaravatti, E. (1971) Provisional list of genetic materials for plant introduction and exchange.. AGPE Misc 71/2. FAO, Rome. pp. 26.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016.. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Philippe Bastide. (2012) Les clones suivis au Vanuatu (unpublished list of accessions).. Personal communication, February 2012.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao.. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Lam, K.S. (1992) Performance of imported clones in Sime Darby Plantations.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Brazil - Almirante Cacao (1997) Percentage fat content of seed and nibs from selected clones.. Data supplied on computer diskette by Martin Aitken
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis.. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection.. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin (1992) Early evaluation of some cocoa germplasm at Pusut Perkhidmatan Pertanian Tun Razak.. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia.. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.