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JA 5 /5 [POU]    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1943)
First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease.. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.

Derivation: JAvilla.
Collected by Pound.
Location: Hda. Javilla, ECU.

Notes:  Progeny from trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease (1939).

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. Pound states that pods were collected from Jabilla (=Javilla) farm from the trees numbered: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10.
 

Synonyms: JA 55 [POU]

 NOTES

Progeny from trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease (1939). Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. Pound states that pods were collected from Jabilla (=Javilla) farm from the trees numbered: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10.

 GENOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018  Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJNA486011   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
 
Run: SRR7774331   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629493
BioSample: SAMN09934475
SampleSource: Trinidad

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1539     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: JA 5/5 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22174
   - Local Name: JA-5/5
   - Year of Accession: 2010
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: JA5/5
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: JA 5/5 [POU]

 YIELD

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Pod Index: 19.7 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Pod Index: 18.2 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Colour: purple
Shape: ovate
Number: 47.0
Total Wet Weight: 74.2 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.08 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.5 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.1 mm
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Colour: purple
Shape: ovate
Number: 46.0
Total Dry Weight: 59.6 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.19 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.2 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.2 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 52.40 %
Testa: 5.70 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: indented
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 184.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Note: Pod wall hardness > 2.0 MPa
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Shape: amelonado
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1539
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 2.53 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.04 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 0.73 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 69.85 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.51 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 254.20 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.78 g
Specific Leaf Area: 142.40 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.86 mm
Ligule Width: 2.97 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Length: 2.87 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference
 Trinidad - ICGT, 1998
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.91 mm
Ligule Width: 2.93 mm
Ovule Number: 38
Style Length: 2.83 mm
Pedicel Colour: very slight anthocyanin
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1943) First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease.. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2016) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2016.
Trinidad - ICGT (1998) Flower and fruit descriptions.. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.