Search Results

NA 916    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1938)
Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.

Derivation: river NAnay.
Collected by Pound.
Location: R. Nanay, PER.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Fruit - unpigmented, half blanco, long oval, slightly warty, no conspicuous point nor bottle neck. Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Pound describes the typical NANAY as above (pod colour between light/intermediate green) but fruits with different characteristics appear among the NA clones of today which result from seedling progenies of the original collections. Posnette, 1945a [POS45A]. Fan branches are characterised by relatively short (less than 2 cm) petioles in which the pulvini are not clearly separated until the leaf ages, when a shallow constriction may develop. The stamen filaments are always pigmented to some degree, usually heavily.

Notes:  Collected in 1937.

Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease.

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.


 

Synonyms: NANAI 916, NANAY 916

 NOTES

Collected in 1937. Pound, 1938a [POU38A]. Pods were probably collected from 14 trees which were free of witches' broom disease. Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. 708 plants were planted at Marper farm.

 PEDIGREE DETAILS

 Putative Half-Sibs:
Group P1   Zhang, D. et al., 2009
NA 144 
NA 179 
NA 181 
NA 183 
NA 206 
NA 226 
NA 227 
NA 229 
NA 283 
NA 286 
NA 311 
NA 322 
NA 327 
NA 342 
NA 406 
NA 427 
NA 48 
NA 507 
NA 528 
NA 62 
NA 687 
NA 689 
NA 697 
NA 720 
NA 730 
NA 733 
NA 753 
NA 79 
NA 824 
NA 841 
NA 929 

 POPULATION

 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019
'Nanay' Population
 Reference

 GENOME DATA LINKS

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 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019  Reference    View Associated Data
BioProject: PRJNA558793   NCBI 
 
Run: SRR9938218   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686905
BioSample: SAMN12500382
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000078
Run: SRR9938235   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686888
BioSample: SAMN12500382
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000078
Run: SRR9938241   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686882
BioSample: SAMN12500382
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000078
Run: SRR9938242   NCBI 
Experiment: SRX6686881
BioSample: SAMN12500382
SampleSource: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Costa Rica, Tree_ID: P000078

 HELD IN

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1334     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: NA 916
   - Year of Accession: 2002
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21979
   - Local Name: NA-916
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: NA916
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: NA 916

 DISEASE

 Phytophthora
Resistant
 Guiltinan, Mark, 2019

 YIELD

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Pod Index: 27.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Reference

 BEAN

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 35.0
Total Wet Weight: 54.6 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.06 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.0 mm
 Reference

 BUTTERFAT

 Trinidad - CRU, 1998
Butterfat Content: 54.72 %
Testa: 7.67 %
 Reference

 FRUIT

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: mammillate
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 153.0 mm
Breadth: 75.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Note: Pod wall hardness > 2.0 MPa
 Reference

 PHENOTYPING

 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 1334
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 7.62 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.23 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 2.12 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 37.71 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.66 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 287.80 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.83 g
Specific Leaf Area: 160.40 cm2 g-1
 Reference

 FLOWER

 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2016
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 6.46 mm
Ligule Width: 2.35 mm
Ovule Number: 48
Style Length: 2.24 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
 Reference

Pound, F.J. (1938) Cacao and Witchbroom Disease of South America with notes on other species of Theobroma. . Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 26-71.
Zhang, D., Boccara, M., Motilal, L., Mischke S., Johnson, E.S., Butler, D.R., Bailey, B. & Meinhardt, L. (2009) Molecular characterization of an earliest cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) collection from Upper Amazon using microsatellite DNA markers.. Tree Genetics & Genomes. doi:10.1007/s11295-009-0212-2
Guiltinan, Mark (2019) Theobroma cacao Disease Resistance : Discovery and Functional Characterization of Genes Regulating Plant Immunity in Perennial Crops. NCBI
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3).. Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG).. Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions.. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2016) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago.. Unpublished data on fruit and flower morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele, April 2016.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data.. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials.. Personal communication.